The Lanka Academic

JULY 30, 2000 EST, USA
VOL. 1, NO. 116

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Lakdiva. The resplendent and ever beautiful isle we know as Sri Lanka has a rich historical record. The Divapvamsa an Pali chronical in verse was compiled in 4th century A.D. It was the source for the Mahavamsa composed by a Buddhist monk at the Maha Vihara in Anuradhapura around the 6th century A.D. The Pali text of the epic is available today in the form of a commentary written from about the 12th century A.D which continued the record in the Culavamsa till 1815 on Ola manuscripts. We felt there was an urgent need to post on the world wide web a more detailed history of ancient Lanka. It is useful to select a more readable modern text than the original Mahavamsa but an interpretation old enough to be unbiased by the unfortunate turmoil of the recent past. We have selected the Short history of Ceylon by H. W. Codrington, B.A. (Oxon.) F.R.N.S. of the Ceylon Civil Service published in 1929 since it gives the history till 1833 in about 50,000 words. This E-book was translated to HTML by Rhajiv Ratnatunga in the summer of 2000. More...
Information Bulletin No 23, The University Teachers for Human Rights (UTHR). Elephant Pass fell to the LTTE on 21st April 2000 and there followed a month of grave anxiety when the fall of the entire Jaffna peninsula seemed imminent. The January-February issue of 'Liberation Tigers' published in the Vanni asked in its lead item, 'What is Next? War or Peace!' It had a picture of the LTTE leader Prabhakaran pointing at Jaffna on a map of Tamil Eelam with his left forefinger. Beneath it was the verse, "Where Sooriya Thevan (Sun God) points with his finger, thither the sun rays will hasten, to enfold Thamil Eelam in the brightness of his glory!" There was a far greater tragedy that lay unseen and was carefully suppressed. The sunrays that do the Sun God's bidding are today mainly children, often 14 or 15 years old, and increasingly girls. More...
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Tamil businessman's relative admits links with LTTE
TOI, july 31. Leader of Sri Lanka's opposition United National Party (UNP) Ranil Wickramasinghe on Sunday suffered a major embarrassment as a close relative of a Tamil businessman, whom he met in Singapore recently, admitted that her family was a prominent overseas supporter of the LTTE. In an interview to Sunday Times newspaper, Sharmalee Gnanakone, sister-in-law of Tamil shipping magnet Charles Gnanakone settled in Singapore, said her husband Jayantha Gnanakone was indirectly in contact with the LTTE and supplied medicines and essential food supplies to the Tamils living in rebel-controlled areas. She said, "even if Prabhakaran was eliminated, the struggle of the rebel group would go on for another 50 years as it had recruited enough children around 10 years of age." "Recruiting children was the only way to sustain war. We have to sacrifice five to six generations for this war", she said. More...
Published: Sun Jul 30 18:28:26 EDT 2000

Two killed as Sri Lanka army convoy hits rebel mine
MSNBC, Sunday July 30, 21:16:10. COLOMBO, July 30 — At least two Sri Lankan soldiers were killed and eight wounded when the convoy in which they were travelling in the east of the country was hit by a Tamil Tiger rebel landmine, the government said on Sunday. The soldiers were travelling to the eastern city of Batticaloa when they were hit by the blast on Saturday, the government said in a statement.The latest attack came days after the government said its troops had captured some territory from the LTTE in the northern Jaffna peninsula More...
Published: Sun Jul 30 21:10:57 EDT 2000

Uncertainty over reforms package
Nirupama Subramanian, The Hindu, COLOMBO, JULY 30. The Sri Lankan Government is to present a draft new Constitution in Parliament this week but with the President, Ms. Chandrika Kumaratunga, in last minute negotiations with the Tamil parties, uncertainty prevails over what the final package of reforms will actually contain.

A team of legal experts is reported to be working round-the-clock to put together a text of the proposed new Constitution, which Ms. Kumaratunga may put to her Cabinet for approval on Monday. More...
Published: Sun Jul 30 20:03:18 EDT 2000

Related News Stories
Chandrika seeks support for bill  - TOI

Sri Lanka at political cross-roads as monks mount pressure
yahoo-afp, july 30. Sri Lanka's political reforms aimed at ending decades of ethnic bloodshed are set to enter a crucial parliamentary test as the influential Buddhist clergy steps up protests, analysts said Sunday.President Chandrika Kumaratunga's decision to press ahead with plans to turn the country into a de facto federal state in exchange for ethnic peace has attracted a determined opposition from the monks.Hundreds of saffron-robed Buddhist monks held a meeting here Saturday to protest the political package which Kumaratunga says will be presented in the 225-member parliament on Thursday.The monks will hold another meeting Tuesday to escalate protests against the reforms, shortly before parliament completes its six-year term on August More...
Published: Sun Jul 30 15:15:41 EDT 2000

Four killed by gunman in hospital
Sarath Malalasekera, Daily News (SL), Monday 31, July 2000. Four persons including a patient were killed in a dawn attack by an unidentified gunman who stormed ward 18 of the Matara Base Hospital yesterday. According to investigations directed by DIG Southern Range Lucky Jayawardena the gunman entered ward 18 around 5a.m. and fired at the patient and three others who were with the patient. The patient had been warded following a shooting incident at Beliatta Police division a few days ago, where one person was killed, the Police said. More...
Published: Sun Jul 30 20:28:54 EDT 2000

Despite Chandrika’s threat, room exists for compromise
HT, july 31. he Sri Lankan President, Mrs Chandrika Kumaratunga, had told two Tamil parties on Friday that irrespective of the stand of the Opposition United National Party (UNP), she planned to present her own devolution package to Parliament and get it passed by August 24. But top sources in both the ruling Peoples' Alliance (PA) and the UNP told The Hindustan Times that the search for a compromise had not been given up."If Amparai district and the Amparai electorate are hived-off and the referendum is held only in Trincomalee and Batticaloa districts, the Tamils will have a majority and the referendum will go in favour of a merger in case the Tamil people want a merger," Mr Weerakoon said. More...
Published: Sun Jul 30 18:34:37 EDT 2000

Fresh fighting kills 11 in Sri Lanka, rail track bomb defused
orientation-afp, july 30. Sri Lanka troops defused a powerful bomb planted on the main railway track in Colombo Sunday as the military reported the death of three soldiers and killing eight Tiger rebels in fresh violence.Bomb disposal experts defused the explosives, attached to the railway track in Colombo's Bambalapitiya area, police said, adding that they managed to avert a major catastrophe thanks to the early detection of the device."The bomb itself could not have caused much damage, but it had the potential to derail a train and cause havoc," a police officer said as the bomb was defused.Meanwhile, the government's Special Media Information Centre (SMIC) said two government soldiers had been killed and eight others injured when Tamil Tiger guerrillas ambushed a military bus in the island's east Saturday. More...
Published: Sun Jul 30 15:45:36 EDT 2000

Eight killed in Sri Lanka road accident
123India -afp, july 31. At least eight people were killed and another 30 injured when a bus and a van collided head-on in southern Sri Lanka Sunday, police said. The crash occurred at Waskaduwa, 40 kilometres (25 miles) south of the capital Colombo More...
Published: Sun Jul 30 18:37:36 EDT 2000

Chandrika confident of getting peace plan through Parliament
AsianAge, july 30. Sri Lankan President Chandrika Kumaratunga will present her controversial peace proposals to legislators next week, confident that she can muster enough votes to see them through, Tamil party officials said.President Kumaratunga told two moderate Tamil parties on Friday that she will go ahead with her bid to end the ethnic war despite the main Opposition United National Party saying it would not lend support if it is hurried through the Parliament. More...
Published: Sun Jul 30 02:07:25 EDT 2000
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Sri Lanka president faces tough task on reforms  - MSNBC

Constitution: Chandrika loses faith in UNP
HT, july 30. The President told the Tamil United Liberation Front (TULF) and the Peoples' Liberation Orgainsation of Tamil Eelam (PLOTE) soon after her return from the UK, that the UNP seemed to be backing out even from those aspects of the draft constitution which they agreed to in the last five months. She was of the opinion that the UNP's latest demand that the draft constitution be shown to the Buddhist Mahasangha and the LTTE before being presented to Parliament, was only a way of scuttling the process. A Tamil MP, who was part of the delegation which met the President, told The Hindustan Times today that she was confident of getting the 150 votes needed to give the bill two-thirds majorty. More...
Published: Sun Jul 30 01:59:16 EDT 2000

Buddhist monks oppose Lanka's constitutional changes
TOI, july 30. The monks say the proposed constitutional changes give too many concessions to the Tamils, who make up 3.2 million of the country's 18.6 million people. The rebels are fighting to carve out Eelam, a homeland where they say the Tamils will not be discriminated against by the Sinhalese.The public meeting was held a day after President Chandrika Kumaratunga met with Tamil party leaders and pledged to push through the constitutional amendments in Parliament next month. More...
Published: Sat Jul 29 18:46:54 EDT 2000
Related News Stories
Monks blast PA-UNP agreement  - hindu
Buddhist monks protest new Constitution  - Hindu

Switzerland continues repatriating asylum seekers to Sri Lanka
IRNA, july 30. The Swiss government has decided to continue forcibly repatriating asylum seekers from Sri Lanka despite pleas from the Swiss Refugee Council to postpone the programme until the civil war on the island cools down, according to Swiss Radio International.On Wednesday, the Refugee Council urged authorities to allow Tamils to stay on in Switzerland because of a drastic deterioration in the country's human rights situation. However, the Federal Office for Refugees said asylum seekers would be returned to the capital, Colombo, rather than to regions in the northeast which are embroiled in the fighting between the army and separatist Tamil Tiger rebels. More...
Published: Sun Jul 30 15:39:39 EDT 2000

Brave Klusener watches wickets fall
BBC, july 30. A magnificent 118 not out from all-rounder Lance Klusener overshadowed a controversial umpiring decision in the first day at Kandy. The South Africans finished their first innings 253 before the home side registered 15 for no loss at the end of an exciting day of play. But Sri Lankan umpire Gamini Silva, officiating in his first test match, made a significant contribution to the match right at the start of play when he gave Gary Kirsten out caught behind. More...
Published: Sun Jul 30 19:16:04 EDT 2000
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Klusener rescues South Africa with unbeaten century  - yahoo-afp
Cricket Live Scorecard from Cricinfo.  - Cricinfo.

Chandrika woos Tamil groups to get statute ratified
TOI, july 29. With Sri Lanka's main opposition party UNP deciding not to back the new draft constitution, President Chandrika Kumaratunga is wooing moderate Tamil parties for their support before she unveils her bid in parliament next week to end country's ethnic conflict.Chandrika, after returning from London on Friday, met with the leaders of Tamil United Liberation Front (TULF), Peoples Liberation Organisation of Tamil Eelam (PLOTE) and Ceylon Workers Congress (CWC) to get the proposals approved. More...
Published: Sat Jul 29 12:16:53 EDT 2000

Sri Lanka to push ethnic peace plan ahead of parliament dissolution
123India-AFP, July 29. Sri Lanka President Chandrika Kumaratunga is set to unveil in parliament Thursday her radical bid to end ethnic bloodshed despite a conditional withdrawal of support by the opposition.

Tamil legislators said Kumaratunga told them that she will have a draft constitution presented to the 225-member legislative assembly on August 3, the fifth anniversary of announcing a "political package" in 1995. More...
Published: Sat Jul 29 11:06:06 EDT 2000

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Sri Lanka opposition deals blow to devolution plans  - CNN-Reuters
UNP seeks white paper on reforms  - TOI
Sri Lankan president starts peace plan countdown  - 123india

‘Civil war has stripped Lanka of Rs 1,183 b’
ExpressIndia, july 30. Sri Lanka's protracted civil war has cost the country a staggering Rs 1183 billion between 1984 and 1996, a World Bank report says.The report titled ''Sri Lanka capturing missed opportunities'' says that the present value cost of the conflict during the 12 year period is nearly 170 per cent of the country's GDP at 1996 which was Rs 695.934 million. The World Bank has sourced the calculation to a study conducted by the Institute of Policy Studies, Colombo. More...
Published: Sun Jul 30 19:01:12 EDT 2000
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Growth is on Track Despite War  - IPS
Sri Lanka falling far short of economic potential: World Bank  - 123India
Why Sri Lanka is not an Asian tiger  - EconomicTimes
World Bank says Sri Lanka's economic growth on a slide  - Frederica Jansz in Colombo

21 Lankans drowned in attempt to cross to India
TOI, July 29. At least 21 Sri Lankans are believed to have been drowned while attempting to cross over to neighbouring India via the Palk Straits which divide the two countries, a local radio station said on Friday.

The bodies of 21 persons had been washed ashore off Mannar, 312 km north of the capital and had been detected by the villagers on Thursday, the state-run Lakhanda radio reported. More...
Published: Sat Jul 29 11:22:10 EDT 2000

Sri Lanka telecom launches fibre optic ring
Buisness Recorder, july 28. Sri Lanka Telecom (SLT) on Friday launched its first 1.5 billion rupees inter-province fibre optic ring connecting 15 major cities and urban centres and said it would further upgrade its network using new technology.Officials of SLT, partly owned and managed by Japan's Nippon Telegraph and Telephone Corp, said four more optic fibre rings would be set up connecting the suburbs of Colombo."These rings will be in place by the end of the year," S. Amarasinghe, SLT's director, network planning and construction said at the inaugural ceremony. More...
Published: Sat Jul 29 12:36:04 EDT 2000

Five die in grenade attack
BBC news, Friday, 28 July. Friday, 28 July, 2000, 14:52 GMT 15:52 UK Five die in grenade attack

At least five people have been killed in a grenade attack in the garrison town of Vavuniya in northern Sri Lanka.

Two of the dead were children.

The grenade was thrown at police officers who opened fire in retaliation. More...
Published: Fri Jul 28 13:51:45 EDT 2000

Lanka urges UK to ban Tamil Tigers
TOI, july 30. Sri Lanka renewed its appeal to have the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) banned just as the British Parliament passed a Terrorism Bill which outlaws "all forms of terrorism, whether Irish, international or domestic perpetrated on British soil," the foreign ministry said.Two weeks ago, the British High Commissioner in Colombo Linda Duffield told a meeting of local businessmen here that the new legislation would come into force in August and it would make it difficult for the LTTE to continue its operations there. More...
Published: Sat Jul 29 18:55:19 EDT 2000
Related News Stories
Lanka says UK to consider banning Tamil rebels  - TOI
Sri Lanka urges Tiger ban  - BBC
Britain may ban LTTE  - hindu
Sri Lanka has asked Britain  - VOA
Sri Lanka formally asks Britain to ban LTTE  - Reuters-MSNBC
Sri Lanka demands British ban on Tamil Tigers  - 123India

Tribal hunters turn wildlife protectors - by hunting again
Environmental News Network, july 28. Uruwarige Kenda stood in the middle of a small clearing in the harsh scrub jungle of Dambana in eastern Sri Lanka. He proudly drew back the string on his hand-carved bow, demonstrating his hunting skills. The aim of the bearded, loin-clothed hunter was on target, evidence that Kenda once had lots of practice even though hunting in the area has been banned for more than a decade. More...
Published: Fri Jul 28 11:03:40 EDT 2000

Media group condemns "treason" allegations about Sri Lanka journalists
orientation-afp, july 30. nternational media rights group, RSF -- reporters without borders -- has expressed concern over allegations of "treason" and "spying" levelled by Sri Lanka's pro-government media against local reporters. The RSF said it had asked Sri Lanka's media minister Mangala Samaraweera in a letter to ensure "this intimidation campaign against opposition journalists stops."The Paris-based RSF, in a copy of the letter made available to reporters here Sunday, urged the government to take action aginst those responsible for the threats.The journalists named were Roy Denish, correspondent on military issues with opposition weekly The Sunday Leader, Saman Wagaarachchi, editor of Irida Peramuna (the Sinhala edition of The Sunday Leader), P. Sivaram, columnist with the Daily Mirror, and P. Seevagan, a reporter with the Tamil service of the BBC. More...
Published: Sun Jul 30 16:00:27 EDT 2000
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Sri Lanka: Journalists accused of "treason" by a pro-government newspaper  - Roy Denish in Colombo

Sri Lanka Opposition Accuses Govt Of Election Corruption
yahoo-ap, July 28. The main opposition accused the government of corruption Friday and called for international observers for parliamentary elections in November. "In view of what we feel are definite government plans to rig the forthcoming elections, we demand the participation of observers, particularly from the Carter Foundation and the European Union," said United National Party Secretary Gamini Atukorale. Sri Lanka, which has a history of election fraud and poll rigging, invited foreign observers from 15 countries for the presidential elections last December. The UNP said the government printing department was illegally releasing polling cards to supporters of the ruling People's Alliance coalition. Polling cards, used as voter identification, are distributed only after the election date and nominations are announced. Neither has been done. "These cards are made by the government printing department under strict security," Atukorale said, waving a sheaf of the polling cards at a news conference. "However, a large quantity of them are already in circulation and are being distributed among government supporters." More...
Published: Fri Jul 28 09:12:47 EDT 2000
Related News Stories
Vote rigging fears in Sri Lanka  - BBC News
Opposition accuses government of planning vote-rigging  - BBC

S.Lanka opposition deals blow to devolution plans
MSNBC, Thursday July 27, 9:16:20. COLOMBO, July 27 — Sri Lanka's main opposition party delivered a crippling blow to government plans to end the ethnic war, saying it would not back them in parliament unless they are first discussed with the people and Buddhist clergy. The United National Party had earlier appeared to arriving at a consensus with the ruling People's Alliance of President Chandrika Kumaratunga on the constitutional reforms which the government wants to push through parliament before its term ends on August 24. More...
Published: Thu Jul 27 09:24:06 EDT 2000
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UNP will not support constitutional reforms  - Frederica Jansz in Colombo
Sri Lanka's peace bid set to collapse  - 123India
Lanka talks on new statute deadlocked  - Deccan Herald/PTI
Sri Lankan parties criticised  - BBC
Statute talks run into fresh trouble in Lanka  - AsianAge
Lanka govt rules out Constitution draft preview  - Times of India

The face of terror that only zealots see
Sydny Morning Herald, july 22. Few have seen him, but a nation fears him.He learned military strategy from West Point manuals, at secret Indian training camps and from Clint Eastwood videos. He cultivated savage endurance by poking pins under his nails, and schooled himself to be merciless by torturing insects to death with needles.He commands cultish devotion from followers, although most have never met him. Their reward for accepting a suicide mission is a first and last supper with the man they call Thavalar, or The Leader."Prabhakaran is single-minded, like a horse with blinders on. He cares more about the Tigers than about the Tamil cause," Dharmalingam Sithadthan, the president of the Peoples' Liberation Organisation of Tamil Eelam, said. A former Tamil militant who joined the democratic opposition, Sithadthan is on the Tigers' hit list, he said, "because anyone who opposes the LTTE is considered a traitor to the Tamil cause". More...
Published: Fri Jul 28 09:31:06 EDT 2000

Railway strike paralyzes Sri Lanka
Virtual New York, july 28. Railway workers demanding better wages brought life in Sri Lanka to a grinding halt Friday.Thousands of commuters were stranded at railway stations all over the country as trains stopped plying due to the strike called by railway workers. Nearly a million Sri Lankans everyday use trains to commute to work.Railway workers Thursday announced their decision to strike for better wages. A section of workers had staged a massive demonstration in a suburb of the capital, Colombo. More...
Published: Fri Jul 28 15:19:37 EDT 2000
Related News Stories
Sri Lankan railways lose steam as workers strike  - ABC-Reuters

Sri Lanka troops kill eight Tamil rebels: government
123India-AFP, July 28. Sri Lankan troops kept up mortar attacks against Tamil rebel positions in the northern Jaffna peninsula, killing seven rebels, the government said Friday.

The seven members of the separatist Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelamwere killed Thursday near Sarasalai town, the Special Media Information Centre said. More...
Published: Fri Jul 28 06:36:36 EDT 2000

China for strengthening ties with Sri Lanka
Hindu, july 28. China today said it wants to strengthen bilateral ties with Sri Lanka on the basis of five principles of "Panchsheel". "Over the 40 years since diplomatic ties were forged between China and Sri Lanka, the two countries have supported and cooperated closely with each other," Chinese Premier Zhu Rongji said during a meeting here with visiting Sri Lankan presidential envoy D M Jayaratne here. More...
Published: Fri Jul 28 15:15:12 EDT 2000
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Rongji meets Lankan Presidential envoy  - Hindu
India could help Sri Lanka, If all want it to  - AsiaGateway

Fear of attacks may force Lanka leaders to avoid public meet
HT, july 28. SRI LANKAN political parties are likely to decide not to hold public meetings in the run-up to the parliamentary elections expected to be held in the first week of November, reports indicate. This is attributed to the fact that many Sri Lankan leaders have been killed by terrorists, whether of the Tamil LTTE or the Sinhala Janatha Vimukthi Peramuna (JVP) variety, during public appearances such as election meetings in the recent past. President Chandrika Kumaratunga had herself been a target of an LTTE human bomb attack on the final day of campaigning for the presidency in December last. UNP's chief defence expert Maj Gen (retd) Lucky Algama, who was campaigning in Ja Ela in the outskirts of Colombo the same evening, was not so lucky. He was blown to bits by an LTTE suicide bomber. In October 1994, UNP presidential candidate Gamini Dissanayake was killed by an LTTE suicide bomber at a public meeting in Colombo. On May 1, 1993, President R. Premadasa was killed by an LTTE suicide bomber in the run-up to the provincial council elections. More...
Published: Thu Jul 27 16:50:39 EDT 2000

Army cracks the whip on deserters
Nirupama Subramanian, The Hindu, JULY 27 2000.. After years of hoping that the army deserters will return to the fold if asked politely, Sri Lanka has finally begun a crackdown to round up as many as possible of about 25,000 runaway soldiers. So far, nearly 5,000 soldiers have been arrested in the operation, among them nine officers of the rank of lieutenant, according to the military spokesman, Brig. Palitha Fernando. More...
Published: Thu Jul 27 21:14:20 EDT 2000

Sri Lanka's opposition to block 'rushed' peace bid
123India, July 27. Sri Lanka's main opposition party Thursday conditionally withdrew support to President Chandrika Kumaratunga's controversial plan aimed at politically ending decades of ethnic bloodshed. The opposition United National Party (UNP), which holds the balance of power to make or break reforms, decided unanimously at their highest policy-making "Working Committee" to pull the plug on Kumaratunga's initiative. The UNP said it had decided at the meeting, headed by its leader and former premier Ranil Wickremesinghe, not to deliver the promised votes in parliament if the government tried to rush a new statute. "We have not completed discussions on several key areas," UNP spokesman Karunasena Kodituwakku said. "If the government tries to push this political package through parliament, we will oppose it." More...
Published: Thu Jul 27 09:20:00 EDT 2000

NPC calls for consensus to avert major bloodshed
Frederica Jansz in Colombo, 7 p.m. SLT Thursday July 27. The National Peace Council on Tuesday July 25, in a press release appealed to the international community to do their utmost to assist the conflicting parties, namely the government and LTTE, find non-military ways to ensure the democratic right of the people to govern themselves without destroying the city of Jaffna and its people.

The NPC has also appealed to the political parties, and in particular to the ruling PA and opposition UNP, to de-politicise the search for a political solution to the ethnic conflict.

The peace organization maintains that much public attention these days is focused on the prospects of a bipartisan consensus regarding constitutional reforms. However, the NPC asserts that a major military confrontation with prospects for great violence and bloodshed looms on the national horizon

The organization's statement claims that in Jaffna the Sri Lankan army and the LTTE are reportedly gathering their strength for a do-or-die battle for control of the city. For the past three months the situation of the civilian population in Jaffna, a large number of whom have been displaced, has been an anguished and vulnerable one.

The press release adds that "Despite the social and human tragedy that could unfold in the weeks ahead, there appears to be a general acquiescence that little can be done to avert the worst case scenario that is building up. There is a disturbing passivity at all levels of society in which people appear to have surrendered their sovereignty to apparently unreachable decision-makers on the two sides. Nevertheless, the National Peace Council believes that if certain measures are agreed to by these elite decision-makers a more positive scenario can emerge that could spare the country of brutal and wasteful violence.
Published: Thu Jul 27 16:56:05 EDT 2000

Chandrika to present peace plan by August 4
TOI, July 27. Sri Lankan President Chandrika Kumaratunga will soon present to Parliament her political plan to end the ethnic conflict in the country, one of her Cabinet colleagues has said. "The discordant notes sounded by the Opposition UNP, the powerful Buddhist clergy and minority Muslim and Tamil parties will soon die down and they will all come around, which could be as early as August 4," the Gulf Today daily quoting Kingsly T Wicramaratne, minister for internal and international commerce and food, said here."The Opposition has always been buying time. With or without their support, the President will make peace. She is committed to it and she was re-elected for a second term on the peace plank," the minister, who was on a stopover on his way back from a four-day tour to Iran, said. More...
Published: Thu Jul 27 09:29:53 EDT 2000
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'Chandrika will present peace plan soon'  - The Hindu,

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