The Lanka Academic

AUGUST 11, 2000 EST, USA
VOL. 1, NO. 128

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Malaysian News. LABUNORUWA, Sri Lanka, Aug 1 (Bernama) - The dusty track in this village is like another village path in Sri Lanka's harsh dry zone except that the nameboard has some unique features unlike normal nameboards and bears some unusual names. "Our young are just dying away in the war," laments rice farmer Heen Appuhamy, who himself lost a son in the war. If losing their sons or husbands is enough grief to the village, it is worst when government compensation schemes don't reach them. More...
US State Department. Colombo, 4 August 2000 - The U.S. State Department announced on July 31 that the mail-in period for the next U.S. Diversity Immigrant Visa Lottery Program (DV-2002) will run from noon, October 2, through noon, November 1, 2000. There is no application fee and no special application form is required. The application with the necessary information can simply be typed on a blank sheet of paper. More...
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T  O  P      H  E  A  D  L  I  N  E
No respect for justice: Lanka PM
The Asian Age, August 11. Sri lanka’s new Prime Minister Ratnasiri Wickremanayake has said terrorism should be defeated by military means and at the same time the grievances of the minority communities should be addressed by the majority community. “Terrorism does not respect justice, fairplay, law and democracy. Democracy and terrorism cannot go hand in hand. Therefore, war is the only means to eliminate terrorism. However, if the minorities have any grievances we should find solutions to them”, Mr Wickremanayake said while speaking in Parliament after he was sworn as the 16th Prime Minister of the country. More...
Published: Fri Aug 11 21:31:40 EDT 2000
Related News Stories
Chandrika sets deadline for UNP on Bill  - The Hindu (International)
Sri Lanka to pursue peace effort  - BBC South Asia
Lanka govt to present reform bill again  - AsiaGateway
Give up slogans, propose viable alternatives: Puravasi Peramuna  - Daily News
Lanka shelves reforms bill  -
S.Lanka president to fight on for new constitution  - ABC News

No Connection Fee! Calls to Sri Lanka, only 39c/m!
O  T  H  E  R      H  E  A  D  L  I  N  E  S
New constitution after polls: Kumaratunga
Times of India, August 12. Setting at rest all speculations Sri Lankan Pesident Chandrika Kumartunga on Friday said the new proposed constitution will be tabled only after the next general elections. In an interview to Rupavahini (state television), the president said her government had the capability of approving the constitution even without a two-third majority in Parliament. She was hopeful of passing the constitution in the new Parliament with a simple majority and go for referendum before implementing it in January next year. More...
Published: Fri Aug 11 22:01:38 EDT 2000

Militancy must be defeated, says new Sri Lankan PM
The Hindu NUS, August 11. Sri Lanka's new Prime Minister Ratnasiri Wickremanayake has said terrorism should be defeated by military means and at the same time the grievances of the minority communities should be addressed by the majority community. ``Terrorism does not respect justice, fairplay, law and democracy. Democracy and terrorism cannot go hand in hand. Therefore, war is the only means to eliminate terrorism. However, if the minorities have any grievances, we should find solutions to them,'' Wickremanayake said while speaking in Parliament after he was sworn the 16th Prime Minister of the country. More...
Published: Fri Aug 11 11:16:09 EDT 2000

Sri Lanka jets pound Tamil rebel targets, august 11. Air force jets pounded suspected Tamil rebel targets in northern Sri Lanka Friday amid reports the guerrillas had acquired new stocks of surface-to-air missiles, officials said. The newly inducted MiG-27 aircraft and Israeli Kfir ground attack aircraft kept up an intense attack against targets of the separatist Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) in the Jaffna peninsula, officials said.Three days ago the MiG-27 swing-wing type aircraft destroyed the sea-base of the LTTE at Chalai. More...
Published: Fri Aug 11 09:06:24 EDT 2000
Related News Stories
Sea Tiger base detroyed by SLAF  - Frederica Jansz in Colombo

Top LTTE commander killed in combat
Times of India, august 12. A top commander was among 17 Tamil Tiger rebels killed by government troops fighting to keep control of Sri Lanka's embattled northeast, a government spokesman said on Friday.Maravan, who led the intelligence wing of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam in the Kattaparithchan region, was killed in Trincomalee Thursday along with three fellow combatants when government forces attacked them, said U. Gajaman, deputy government spokesman, quoting monitored rebel radio transmissions. The government identified Maravan by a single name. More...
Published: Fri Aug 11 16:56:15 EDT 2000
Related News Stories
17 LTTE militants killed in attacks  - The Hindu (International)
Eight killed, 30 injured in LTTE attacks  - The Hindu NUS
At least 17 killed in latest Sri Lanka clashes  - ABC News

Ill-fated ‘operation buy-off’
The Island, August 12. Sources said that it was reported that money had been collected in large sums from book makers and wheeler dealer businessmen by the two ministers to bribe UNP MPs to get the two thirds majority for the new constitution promising appointments for these businessmen on the national list next time.They said that it was heard that the sum collected ran to Rs.100 million but only Rs.1.5 million had been paid to one UNP MP as an advance.UNP sources said that the party leadership who were aware of the plan carried out by the two ministers had put one of their confidantes into the team the ministers were eyeing to buy over. More...
Published: Fri Aug 11 20:35:26 EDT 2000

Chinese leaders call for Lankans to unite
Frederica Jansz in Colombo, 1.25 p.m. SLT Friday August 11. Chinese leaders are reported to have told a Special Envoy of President Chandrika Bandaranaike Kumaratunge, Minister D M Jayaratne that they hoped the Sri Lankan government and all other concerned parties will unite to find a solution to the ethnic conflict.

The message was conveyed when Minister Jayaratne met with the Deputy Foreign Affairs Minister in China this week to hand over two letters from the Sri Lankan President to the President and Prime Minister of China. The letters expressed thanks to the Chinese leaders for extending their support during Sri Lanka's hour of crisis. Economic and Trade matters between the two nations was also discussed at the meeting.
Published: Fri Aug 11 04:20:57 EDT 2000

A squandered opportunity - An Editorial
The Hindu, august 11. In forcing the withdrawal of Ms. Chandrika Kumaratunga's constitutional initiative, Sri Lanka has squandered an opportunity it should have seized. The draft Constitution tabled in Parliament is on the whole a radical improvement on the existing Constitution marking a paradigm shift in Sri Lanka's constitutional evolution. More...
Published: Fri Aug 11 10:06:20 EDT 2000
Related News Stories
A bridge too far - An editorial  - HT
Setback in Colombo - An Editorial  - Deccan

Chinese and Taiwanese women arrested in Colombo suburb
Frederica Jansz in Colombo, 1.10 p.m. SLT Friday August 11. Two Chinese women and one Taiwanese have been taken into custody by the Mirihana police for the alleged murder of a Malaysian male national. The Malaysian millionaire, a well known exporter of fruit, was killed at his residence in Nugegoda last week after having been sprayed with acid and stabbed to death with a knife. A van belonging to another Taiwanese national has also been found, which police believe was used in order to carry out the murder. The foreign women were arrested when hiding at a house at Rajagiriya. They were produced this morning before the Gangodawila magistrate and are being held as police conduct further investigations into the murder.
Published: Fri Aug 11 04:20:57 EDT 2000

Fisheries Corps. demand action to release captive fishermen in India
Frederica Jansz in Colombo, 1. p.m. SLT Friday August 11. The National Fishermen Cooperation has called upon the Government to implement a comprehensive program to release some 130 fishermen arrested by the Indian Navy this year.

The fishermen allege that the Fisheries Ministry despite numerous appeals has taken no action on the matter while no dry rations or relief measures are being given to help the families of those fishermen held by Indian authorities.

The fishermen had reportedly strayed into international waters at a time Sri Lanka was facing a national crisis. Meanwhile a spokesman from the Fisheries Ministry said that officials from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs are holding talks with Indian officials in a bid to secure the release of the 130 fishermen.
Published: Fri Aug 11 04:20:57 EDT 2000

India to sell military hardware to Lanka
newindpress, Friday, 11 august. India has decided to sell military hardware to Sri Lanka and negotiations are on to clinch the deal on an offshore patrol vessel for the Sri Lankan navy. The navy has earmarked an offshore patrol vessel (OPV) êiINS Shardaêr, made at Hindustan Shipyard Limited, Vishakhapatanam for sale to the island nation, sources in the Ministry of Defence (MoD) said. The OPV is for the Sri Lankan navy to effectively patrol its coast and mainly try and prevent the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) from bringing in arms and ammunition. The Sri Lankan navy will also be getting weapon systems like surface-to-surface guns fitted in the OPV from India, sources said. More...
Published: Fri Aug 11 06:45:57 EDT 2000
Related News Stories
UNP tells India to stop 'interfering' Sri Lanka  - PRIU

LTTE acquires surface-to-air missiles
Times of India, august 12. The missiles pose a threat to the air force's MiG-27 aircraft, which are being used for the first time for attacking the rebel positions in northern Sri Lanka.The government's top spokesman Ariya Rubasinghe, however, said the missiles in the rebel hands are not going to deter the air force from carrying out bombing missions. "We are going against the terrorists in a big way and this is not going to stop," Rubasinghe said. More...
Published: Fri Aug 11 17:01:32 EDT 2000
Related News Stories
Was it a Russian SAM, US Stinger or any other? LTTE fires missile at MiG-27s  - AsiaGateway
LTTE ''acquires'' Sam and Stinger missiles  - The Hindu NUS
LTTE acquires surface-to-air missiles  -
Tamil rebels acquire surface-to-air missiles  - TOI

S.Lanka gets new tourism, civil aviation ministers
ABC News, august 11. Sri Lankan President Chandrika Kumaratunga on Friday further reshuffled her cabinet by swearing in new ministers for tourism and civil aviation, government officials said. They said Reggie Ranatunga, father of former Sri Lankan cricket captain Arjuna Ranatunga, was made the new civil aviation minister. H.B. Semasinghe was appointed as the new tourism minister. More...
Published: Fri Aug 11 09:16:21 EDT 2000
Related News Stories
Three Ministers sworn in today  - Frederica Jansz in Colombo
Reggie Ranatunga gets Civil Aviation portfolio  - The Hindu NUS

Bandaranaike: The iron grip loosens
Times of India, August 12. Sirimavo Bandaranaike, the world's first woman Prime Minister, has retired a lonely woman wracked by a family feud.

The 84-year-old stepped down from the government of her daughter, President Chandrika Kumaratunga, on Thursday, finally giving in to frail health after a career spanning four decades during which she became prime minister thrice. But for most of her latest stint as prime minister, she had been little more than a figurehead. Sources close to the family say the rift between Chandrika and her brother Anura Bandaranaike has weighed heavily on Sirimavo. Anura opted to go over to the opposition United National Party when Sirimavo passed on the mantle of leadership of the Sri Lanka Freedom Party to Chandrika. More...
Published: Fri Aug 11 22:03:20 EDT 2000

Related News Stories
Bandaranaike was a tough customer  - IndiaAbroad
Wickramanayaka succeeds Bandaranaike as Sri Lankan PM  - AsiaGateway
Lanka President drops Bandaranaike, makes Ratnasiri PM to appease Sinhala Buddhists  - The Hindustan Times
Wickramanayaka is new Lankan PM  - Times of India
Ratnasiri appointed prime minister today  - AsiaGateway
New prime minister in Sri Lanka  - Virtual New York

Chandrika calls Cabinet meeting to discuss bill
newindpress, Friday, 11 august. Amidst speculation about likely dissolution of parliament any time, President Chandrika Kumaratunga has called a special meeting today to discuss with her Cabinet colleagues the future of the constitution bill, voting on which has been put on hold.Quoting highly placed sources, local media reported that the meeting will decide whether the inconclusive debate on the bill should be proceeded with along with suitable amendments before the August 24 dissolution of parliament.The issue of feasibility of incorporating more amendments suggested by the Opposition United National Party and other Tamil parties, including an amendment to the transitional provision of the executive president, is also likely to figure in the meeting.The UNP had accused the government of including the provision in the draft constitution without its consent. More...
Published: Fri Aug 11 06:48:00 EDT 2000

Crude bomb injures eight people in Sri Lanka
TOI, Friday. 11 August. Unidentified people exploded a homemade bomb at a school music concert in Sri Lanka's northeast, wounding eight people, police said Friday.The injured included four children, said I. Perera, a police officer.The concert was organized by a local television network on Thursday in Polonnaruwa, a town 170 kilometers (105 miles) northeast of Colombo, the Sri Lankan capital.No one claimed responsibility for the attack. Police did not suspect the involvement of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam, who are fighting for a Tamil homeland in Sri Lanka's north and east. (AP)
Published: Fri Aug 11 04:17:44 EDT 2000

Sri Lanka set for polls with new Premier, Friday, 11 August. Sri Lanka's ruling party is gearing up for early parliamentary elections following the resignation of Prime Minister Sirima Bandaranaike, political sources said Friday. Bandaranaike's decision to step down on Thursday has paved the way for an early dissolution of parliament to give the ruling party every possible advantage in polls which must be held by November 9, officials said.The 225-member parliament's six-year term expires on August 24, but speculation is mounting that the legislature may be dissolved ahead of that date. More...
Published: Fri Aug 11 04:04:44 EDT 2000

New Prime Minister insist on UNP's co-operation for the upliftment of the country
PRIU, Friday Aug 11, 01:16:15. Terrorism should be curbed by the means of military action and at the same time the problems of the minorities should be a addressed by the majority, said the new prime minister in his maiden address in Parliament yesterday. More...
Published: Fri Aug 11 01:14:05 EDT 2000

Compaq to Manufacture PCs for Export in India
yahoo, august 12. US computer major Compaq will use Indian manufacturing operations to supply demand from markets in the Phillipines and Sri lanka as part of its newly-released country strategy. "We are looking at exporting the systems manufactured at Compaq's Bangalore plant to various regions around India including Sri Lanka and Phillipines," Michael Pocock, vice president and general manager of commercial personal computing group, Compaq Corporation said here. More...
Published: Fri Aug 11 17:07:15 EDT 2000
Related News Stories
IT University for young professionals  - PRIU

BOI signs two Thermal Power Plants worth of 42 million US Dollars
AsiaGateway, Friday Aug 11, 01:48:22. The Board of Investment (BOI) has signed two agreements amounting to 42 million US dollars for the development of two thermal power plants in Anuradhapura and Matara. The two power plants, each 20 MW capacity are expected to generate approximately 167 GW of energy per year using Lanka Furnace oil supplied by the Ceylon Petroleum Corporation. More...
Published: Fri Aug 11 01:45:48 EDT 2000

Ailing Sri Lankan prime minister resigns
CNN/Asia Gateway, August 10. Prime Minister Sirimavo Bandaranaike, the world's first woman to head a national government in modern history, resigned Thursday at the age of 84 to allow her daughter, the president, to reorganize the Cabinet ahead of elections. Born Sirimavo Ratwatte on April 17, 1916 into one of the Indian Ocean island's wealthiest families, she was educated in a Catholic convent and never intended to become a politician. In 1940 she married Soloman Dias Bandaranaike, a senior politician in the United National Party, which was then governing the soon-to-be independent country that used to be called Ceylon. A deranged Buddhist monk assassinated him three years later. Sirimavo Bandaranaike, who had stayed out of the limelight, found the mantel of party leadership thrust upon her. She rode a wave of public sympathy to a landslide victory at the next election in 1960, becoming prime minister. She asked the U.S. Peace Corps and the Asia Foundation to leave the country in 1970. The Israeli Embassy was also closed on her instructions. Only this year did Sri Lanka and Israel restore diplomatic relations. Suffering from diabetes, and repeatedly undergoing minor surgery to correct a bone problem on her left foot, Bandaranaike reduced her political activities. In November of 1994, the daughter, Kumaratunga was elected president, and appointed her mother to what had become the largely ceremonial prime minister's post. Respected by the party faithful, she wielded great influence. She has one other daughter, Sunethra. Her son, Anura, crossed over to the opposing United National Party in 1993 and briefly served as a Cabinet member. More...
Published: Thu Aug 10 12:58:49 EDT 2000
Related News Stories
So long, say Lankan icons  -
Sri Lanka PM Bandaranaike retires  - The Hindu NUS
World's first woman premier resigns  - BBC
Sri Lankan crisis intensifies as Prime Minister Bandarnaike retires  - NDTV/MSNBC
World's oldest PM retires at 84, Sri Lanka expands cabinet  -
World's oldest PM retires at 84, Sri Lanka in reshuffle  -
Veteran Sri Lankan PM resigns  - BBC South Asia
Bandaranaike: From housewife to Record-setting politician  - 123INDIA.COM
World's first woman head of government retires in Sri Lanka  - ABC News
Sri Lanka prime minister to retire  - 123INDIA
Sri Lanka prime minister retires  -

Chandrika Kumaratunga: Politics in the blood
BBC South Asia, AUgust 10. Chandrika Kumaratunga came to power as president of Sri Lanka in 1994. Her family credentials for the job were impeccable. Both her parents were prime ministers of Sri Lanka: her mother, Sirimavoh Bandaranaike, was the world's first woman prime minister. At the time of her election she said that politics was in her blood, even though her father was assassinated when she was 14 years old, and her husband was gunned down in 1989. More...
Published: Thu Aug 10 09:50:01 EDT 2000

Ranatunga bids adieu
TOI, august 10. Sri Lanka's most successful but controversial skipper Arjuna Ranatunga bowed out of international cricket here on Thursday at his home ground, the Sinhalese Sports Club ground, amid a tearful farewell. The gates were thrown open shortly before tea on the fifth and final day of the third Test against South Africa by the Sri Lanka cricket board to give the public free entrance to show their appreciation for this great cricketer More...
Published: Thu Aug 10 18:52:01 EDT 2000
Related News Stories
Ranatunga exits  - CNN/SI
Emotional farewell to Ranatunga  - The Hundu

Monks warn Kumaratunga not to restore Sri Lanka reform bill, August 9. Sri Lanka's influential Buddhist clergy Wednesday issued a "final warning" to the government to completely withdraw a draft bill aimed at ending the country's bloody Tamil separatist conflict. Sri Lanka's four most senior Buddhist monks have taken over a campaign to force President Chandrika Kumaratunga's government to scrap the bill, which would see power devolved to eight regional councils. Sri Lanka's four most senior Buddhist monks have taken over a campaign to force President Chandrika Kumaratunga's government to scrap the bill, which would see power devolved to eight regional councils. More...
Published: Fri Aug 11 02:01:05 EDT 2000
Related News Stories
Buddhists turn heat on Chandrika  - The Asian Age

Sri Lanka Extends State Of Emergency
AsiaGateway, Thursday Aug 10, 10:10:14. COLOMBO (Aug. 10) XINHUA - The Sri Lankan parliament passed Wednesday a government motion to extend the State of Emergency for one more month by 124 to seven votes, the Island newspaper reported Thursday. The State of Emergency is considered necessary to contain the ongoing ethnic conflict in the north and east of the country where the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) have been waging a 17- year war for a separate state during which over 60,000 persons have been killed. More...
Published: Thu Aug 10 10:07:45 EDT 2000
Related News Stories
Emergency extended  - Frederica Jansz in Colombo

Umpire clubbed to death over runout decision
TOI, august 10. A local umpire officiating in a village cricket tournament at the southern coastal town of Ambalangoda last Sunday was clubbed to death by players over a disputed run out, the Daily Mirror reported on Thursday. More...
Published: Thu Aug 10 12:36:19 EDT 2000

Sri Lanka increases defense budget to fight rebels
Virtual New York, Wednesday, August 9. The Sri Lankan parliament Wednesday approved an additional $356 million to buy weapons to fight the separatist Tamil Tiger guerrillas. In a statement read out in parliament, President Chandrika Kumaratunga said that the government needed the money to pay for sophisticated weapon systems, military hardware, aircraft and other equipment recently purchase to fight the separatists in the country's north. The newly acquired MIG 27 fighters, flown by foreign pilots, attacked several rebel positions in the northern Wanni mainland Wednesday, soon after the rebels exploded a landmine killing four soldiers in the east and ambush am army patrol in Mannar killing one officer and five soldiers. More...
Published: Thu Aug 10 02:23:02 EDT 2000

Sri Lanka draw test as Jayewardene hits century
The Hindu NUS, AUgust 10. Sri Lanka drew their third and final test against South Africa today despite losing three early wickets in their pursuit of a victory target of 263 on the last day. Sri Lanka were 195 for 4 off 67.1 overs when stumps were drawn. Jayewardene scored an unbeaten 101 and was concerned in an 82-run partnership with P A De Silva who hit 41. More...
Published: Thu Aug 10 09:52:16 EDT 2000
Related News Stories
Sri Lanka draw final Test  - BBC South Asia

Family tries to keep boy in US
SCMP, august 11. An Ohio family is trying to prevent US authorities from deporting a Sri Lankan boy, who relatives say mistakenly got off the plane in Seattle on his way to Canada and could be killed if he is returned to his native country.The relatives say Senthan would be at risk in his home country because he and his family are Tamils, an ethnic minority in a country controlled by the his family are Tamils, an ethnic minority in a country controlled by the Sinhalese majority. More...
Published: Fri Aug 11 10:16:10 EDT 2000

Lankan govt revamped for election
Times of India, august 12. President Chandrika Kumaratunga's Cabinet shuffle and her promise to resolve the separatist war have brightened her chances in the upcoming election, analysts said on Friday.Wickramanayaka, who takes a tough stand on the Tamil Tiger separatists, has vowed to defeat them militarily and address the grievances of the rest of the Tamil population separately, seeing them as two issues as many Sri Lankans do. Elections are due by November. More...
Published: Fri Aug 11 16:58:22 EDT 2000

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