The Lanka Academic

VOL. 1, NO. 174

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The Lanka Academic carried an online "Question and Answer" sessions with the High Commissioner of Sri Lanka to the United Kingdom, His Excellency Mr. Mangala Moonesinghe from September 1, 2000 through September 24, 2000. You can view the questions from visitors like you and the answers 1-37 by Mr. Moonesinghe here. We will post all answers soon.
The Constitution of the Republic of Sri Lanka
[PDF Version]

(The proposed new constitution)
Latest Results
Current Colombo weather
CNN Colombo forcast
Satellite pix (visible)
Satellite pix (infrared)
Where is MIR today?
Bandula Jayasekera, in Jaffna. Bearded face of PLOTE leader Dharmalingam Sidharthan can be seen all over the city of Jaffna. Hand drawn posters with the fish symbol supposed to be of an independent group are widely displayed. Posters of TULF are not to be seen. EPDPs Douglas Devanandas posters were clearly visible but, I saw more of the PLOTE leader. There are no poster wars even though few posters are tarred at some places. No body gave the reason as to why people had done it. People of Jaffna say that posters are displayed side by side but no one tries to kill one another because both sides are armed, meaning the EPDP and PLOTE. They are no political meetings, only distribution of handbills and the people of Jaffna say that they are in no election mood. More...
Bandula Jayasekera, in Colombo. He is soft spoken, kind hearted and extremely gentle. He wants to keep a low profile even though he is doing a very high profile job, representing his country as High Commissioner. He is a true son of the great land and the youngest grandson of the greatest man of this millenium, Mahatma Gandhi. More...
US State Department. Colombo, 4 August 2000 - The U.S. State Department announced on July 31 that the mail-in period for the next U.S. Diversity Immigrant Visa Lottery Program (DV-2002) will run from noon, October 2, through noon, November 1, 2000. There is no application fee and no special application form is required. The application with the necessary information can simply be typed on a blank sheet of paper. More...
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Sri Lanka says beats back rebel counter-attack
MSNBC, september 26. Government troops on Tuesday beat back a ferocious three-pronged counter attack by Tamil Tiger rebels in the country's northern Jaffna peninsula, Sri Lanka said.'We have very successfully repulsed all the attacks and now the close quarters fighting is over though artillery exchanges are continuing,'' military spokesman Brigadier Sanath Karunaratne said. More...
Published: Tue Sep 26 15:51:23 EDT 2000
Related News Stories
Ferocious fighting erupts in Sri Lanka, toll exceeds 40  - Yahoo
Rebels hit back after Sri Lanka troops open road  - MSNBC
Heavy fighting kills 30 in Sri Lanka  - Virtual New York
Lankan troops wrest more areas from Tigers  - Times of India (Breaking News)
Sri Lanka army opens up key route in north  - MSNBC
Sri Lankan troops mount fresh offensive, 30 dead  -

No Connection Fee! Calls to Sri Lanka, only 39c/m!
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MDMK to take up Sri Lankan issue with PM
The Hindu (Southern States), Wednesday, September 27, 2000. CHENNAI, SEPT. 26. The MDMK, a constituent of the NDA from Tamil Nadu, will again apprise the Prime Minister, Mr. A. B. Vajpayee and the Ministers concerned at the Centre on the new ``twists and turns'' to the Sri Lankan Tamils crisis. The party's General Secretary, Mr. Vaiko, who, in recent public meetings in different parts of the State, has been reasserting that ``creation of Tamil Eelam alone constituted a solution'' to the ethnic crisis in Sri Lanka, alleged that despite the devolution package promised by its President, Ms.Chandrika Kumaratunga, her Government has been pursuing ``only a military path''. More...
Published: Tue Sep 26 17:24:09 EDT 2000

Army claims new Jaffna advances
BBC South Asia, Tuesday, 26 September, 2000, 11:52 GMT 12:52 . There have been heavy casualties in renewed fighting between the Sri Lankan army and rebel Tamil Tigers in the northern Jaffna peninsula. The defence ministry says 13 soldiers and 17 rebels were killed near the town of Chavakachcheri, as the army regained approximately 10 sq km of land. Forty-five soldiers were said to have been wounded. There has been no comment from the Tamil Tigers on the latest fighting. More...
Published: Tue Sep 26 08:13:58 EDT 2000
Related News Stories
Heavy battles grip Sri Lanka, toll mounts  - Yahoo
Fresh fighting in Jaffna  - Deccan Herald
Another offensive in Jaffna  - The Hindu (International)
31 killed as Lankan army 'captures more territory'  - The Hindu NUS
More fighting in Sri Lanka  - BBC South Asia
Twenty-Four Rebels Killed In Sri Lanka's North  - Yahoo
Fresh round of fighting in Sri Lanka's Jaffna  - MSNBC

"Viable alternative" to separate state demand acceptable: TULF
India Abroad, Sept 26, 2000 21:30 Hrs (IST) . Colombo: Sri Lanka's main moderate Tamil political party, which was the first to demand a separate state for the country's Tamil minority, has said that it is willing to accept something short of independence as it gears up for the October polls. Almost 25 years after the Tamil United Liberation Front (TULF) passed a resolution demanding a separate Tamil state called Eelam, the party says it is now ready to accept a "viable alternative," particularly at India's insistence. "The TULF has been concerned about the immense harm and suffering the Tamil people would have to endure if the demand for a separate state was uncompromisingly insisted upon," the party's manifesto says. More...
Published: Tue Sep 26 13:28:18 EDT 2000
Related News Stories
TULF calls for ceasefire, third-party mediation  - The Hindu NUS
TULF calls for cease-fire and mediation  - Frederica Jansz in Colombo

Sunday Leader editor wins prestigious Transparency International award
Bandula Jayasekara in Colombo, SLT 7.00 p. m September 26. Lasantha Wickrematunge, editor of ‘The Sunday Leader’ has won the prestigious Transparency International award for investigative journalism and exposing corruption in high places. Wickrematunge, 40, will receive the award in Canada on Friday September 29. He is among four journalists from allover the world to be so honored. Transparency International is an organization based in Canada, which recognize journalism of courage.

Wickrematunge has exposed several instances of corruption in the government of president Chandrika Kumaratunge. Wickrematunge's opponents physically attacked him in 1995 along with his journalist wife Raine and unknown gunmen fired at their house in 1998. In May this year, ‘The Sunday Leader’ was sealed by the government under emergency regulations for a period of six months. However Wickrematunge took the government to courts. The courts gave a landmark judgement and ordered the government to lift the ban on his paper.

Wickrematunge is now facing criminal charges for defaming the President and has appealed against the sentence.
Published: Tue Sep 26 09:16:39 EDT 2000

Photo Gallery - Jaffna Today
Yahoo, 27 September 2000. Civilians ride past a wall with political propaganda in Jaffna City Wednesday, Sept. 20, 2000. As the city prepares for Oct. 10 parliamentary polls, people expressed a desire for a return to normalcy. More...
Published: Tue Sep 26 20:57:06 EDT 2000

LTTE poses threat to TN leaders: Lankan Minister
The Hindustan Times, Colombo September 26. SRI LANKAN Foreign Minister Lakshman Kadirgamar has said that LTTE is a 'great threat' to Tamil Nadu leaders, that the people of Tamil Nadu know it, and that is why they are not supporting it. In an interview to the state owned 'Daily News' while in Washington recently, Kadirgamar held that mass support for the LTTE was virtually nil in Tamil Nadu because the people of that Indian state had a first hand experience of the LTTE's ruthlessness and lawlessness. "The Tamil Nadu people found that the LTTE is a very dangerous entity to live with and entertain, because they (the LTTE) are completely lawless," the minister said. More...
Published: Tue Sep 26 14:35:27 EDT 2000

WHO says 500 million people will die of smoking - Dr. Thenabadu
Island, Tuesday, 26 September. "Tobacco companies who had lost their markets in European countries are now aiming at the youth in developing countries to regain their lost market. To resist this we have to adopt an anti smoking policy, Dr. P. N. Thenabadu, Chief of Cardiology, National Hospital said .He was speaking at the first Annual Scientific Session of the Sri Lanka Heart Association (SLHA) held in September at Crystal Upper Room of the Taj Samudra Hotel, Colombo.This event coincides with World Heart Day.The President of the SLHA, Dr. S. J. Stephen, welcomed the special invitees from countries such as Pakistan, India , UK.SLHA committee members and a large gathering of doctors were present. The meeting began after the national anthem was played and the lighting More...
Published: Tue Sep 26 10:56:42 EDT 2000

Sri Lanka main Tamil party backs citizenship for Britons
yahoo, september 26. Sri Lanka's main Tamil political party, which launched the campaign for a separate Tamil state in 1976, has proposed granting citizenship to all those domiciled in the island at the time of independence from Britain. The proposal, contained in the election manifesto of the Tamil United Liberation Front (TULF) launched Monday, is aimed at appeasing minority Tamils of recent Indian origin whose citizenship has been a controversial issue. More...
Published: Tue Sep 26 13:53:41 EDT 2000

Sri Lanka opposition on war path over bullet-proof limousines, september 26. Sri Lanka's main opposition party slammed President Chandrika Kumaratunga on Tuesday for ordering a fleet of bullet-proof limousines, accusing her of watching too many James Bond movies. The main opposition United National Party (UNP) said in a statement that the government had spent nearly a million dollars on a fleet of armoured BMW, Mercedes and Range Rover vehicles."There are also stories of six BMW motorbikes equipped with missiles being added to the fleet," the UNP said in its statement. "Perhaps the president has been watching too many James Bond movies recently." More...
Published: Tue Sep 26 07:48:24 EDT 2000
Related News Stories
Row over Sri Lanka limos  - BBC South Asia

Court lifts Sri Lanka ban on air conditioners, september 26. Sri Lanka's Supreme Court has ruled that an order by President Chandrika Kumaratunga banning air conditioners using electricity from the national grid was illegal, officials said Tuesday.The court in a landmark ruling Monday held that the order promulgated by Kumaratunga in line with tough emergency provisions invoked on May 31 was arbitrary and unlawful, court officials said.Consumer activists also told court that Kumaratunga's secretariat and other top politicians as well as the superior courts complex enjoyed air conditioning powered by the national grid. More...
Published: Tue Sep 26 07:51:35 EDT 2000

Sri Lankan Ruling People's Alliance Ahead in Run-up to Election
XINHUA, September 26. COLOMBO (Sept. 26) XINHUA - A recent survey showed that Sri Lanka's ruling Peoples' Alliance (PA), led by President Chandrika Kumaratunga, is ahead of the opposition United National Party (UNP) led by Ranil Wickremesinghe in the run-up to the general election next month, the official Daily News reported Tuesday. The paper said that while 41 percent said the PA could provide a stable government only 15 percent thought the UNP could. More...
Published: Tue Sep 26 06:27:16 EDT 2000

Police officer politically victimized
Frederica Jansz in Colombo, 8.45 a.m. SLT Tuesday September 26. The Centre for Monitoring Election Violence (CMEV) has recorded an incident of political victimization in which a police officer has been transferred as he did not turn a blind eye upon the illegal actions of PA candidate Cleetus Mendis' supporters. The original incident predates the election campaign but it has cast its shadow on the election, as the transfer was invoked on September 1, 2000. In this complaint, Cleetus Mendis' supporters have allegedly forcibly occupied a vacant block of land, currently used as a car park, within the Saint James Flats premises at Galwela Junction in Mutwal on July 2, 2000. In response to the opposition raised by the housing scheme's 88 residents, this group allegedly said that they were acting with the full cognizance of Mr Cleetus Mendis. The President of the Residents' Welfare Association, Mrs Sita Wijayawardena, lodged a complaint (CIB II 58/26) on the same day at the Modera Police Station. Mr Mendis was also warned by the OIC of the Modera Police Station, but the only outcome was that Mrs Wijayawardena was threatened by Mr Mendis' supporters.

Three of the alleged perpetrators, Messrs Anura Pushpakumara, G A Gnanaratne Lionel Lakshman Silva and K A Nilantha Gnanasena were arrested by the Police on OIC Chief Inspector Dehideniya's instructions and later released on bail (Case No: 14430/5). Subsequent to this incident, OIC Dehideniya was under a cloud, and his eventual transfer to the Borella Police Station, under MM No: D/MD/ADM/868/00, came into effect from September 1, 2000. Chief Inspector Dehideniya declined to speak to CMEV regarding his transfer, but the residents of the area feel strongly that he was victimized for standing up for their rights despite being subjected to political pressure.

The impartiality and even-handedness of the police is a sine qua non for the conduct of a free and fair election in the country. Reports from Puttalam, Kurunegala, Moneragala, Gampaha and Kandy districts, indicate that the police have acted in a partisan manner in favour of PA candidates in these areas.
Published: Tue Sep 26 00:13:53 EDT 2000

UNP Gampaha district candidate's office attacked
Frederica Jansz in Colombo, 8.30 a.m. SLT Tuesday September 26. At approximately 2.00 am on September 25,2000 the UNP office of Gampaha District candidate Gamini Guneratne was attacked, resulting in damage to the building, furniture and equipment. A motor cycle (116 - 4503) and a bicycle kept on the premises, as well as many files, posters and other documents, were dumped in the large pond which lies at the centre of the compound. The premises called Araliya Uyana belongs to Mr Anura Bandaranaike, and it is situated on the main Colombo-Kandy Road, within Horagolla, virtually opposite the People's Alliance office.

The watcher of the premises, Mr Saparamadu, informed the Centre for Monitoring Election Violence that 4 persons had held him at gunpoint while approximately 15 - 20 others had ransacked the offices. According to him these four persons carried two-way radios and brandished pistols, forcing him to remain silent while they systematically trashed the office and meeting hall areas. Mr Saparamadu said that the entire incident lasted approximately 45 minutes, and that the attackers appeared to him to be professionals in what they did. He stated that he would be able to identify those who held him captive if he saw them again, and added that he thought they were members of the security forces. Mr. Saparamadu said that the attackers came in 02 land rovers and 02 double cabs which were parked on the Kandy Road in the direction of Colombo. Mr. Saparamadu has made a complaint in this regard at Police Headquarters under EIB 33/4. A leaflet supporting PA Minister Jeyaraj Fernandopulle was found at the scene of the crime, and has been handed over to the Nittambuwa Police.
Published: Tue Sep 26 00:13:52 EDT 2000

Related News Stories
Kumaratunga orders probe into attack on UNP office  - Times of India (Breaking News)

Over 600 incidents of election related violence
Frederica Jansz in Colombo, 8.15 a.m. SLT Tuesday September 26 . As of September 25th 685 incidents have been reported to the Centre for Monitoring Election Violence (CMEV) in the run-up to the parliamentary election of October 10, 2000. Of these, 390 (57%) are major incidents which include 12 Murders, 09 Attempted Murders, 101 acts of Hurt, 16 reports of Grievous Hurt, 134 Assaults, 82 acts of Threat and Intimidation, 18 cases of Misuse of State Resources, 03 Robberies and 15 acts of Arson. The relative preponderance of major incidents marks this election campaign as being comparatively more violent than others in the recent past.

Moreover, for the first time since the local government election of 1997, a single party is allegedly responsible for over 50% of the total number of incidents reported. The PA is the alleged perpetrator in 368 incidents (53.7%), the UNP in 142 (20.7%), the JVP in 06, and persons of unknown political affiliation in 144 (21%). In contrast, in the Wayamba Provincial Council election the PA was allegedly responsible for 45% of all incidents reported, in the local government elections for 46%, and in the Presidential election for 48%, while the UNP was accused in 22%, 24% and 26% in these elections respectively.

Supporters of the UNP have made 292 (42.6%) complaints, the PA 217 (31.7%), the JVP (13.3%), and persons of unknown political affiliation (05.7%). 42 (19.4%) of the complaints lodged by the PA are directed against its own members. There are no complaints recorded which reflect intra-party rivalry among any of the other parties.

The North-Western or Wayamba Province has recorded the highest number of complaints (128) closely followed by the Western Province (120). Together these two provinces account for 36.2% of all incidents reported. The lowest number of incidents have been reported from the North-East Province (54), Sabaragamuwa (62) and the Southern Province (74). In the North-Western Province alone the PA is allegedly responsible for 73 incidents, which is higher than the total number reported from two provinces and almost equal to another two.
Published: Tue Sep 26 00:13:51 EDT 2000

Related News Stories
Sri Lankan police break up protest  - BBC South Asia

Shots fired into UNP meeting at Amparai
Frederica Jansz in Colombo, 8.10 a.m. SLT Tuesday September 26. Shots were fired into a United National Party meeting held at Addilechenai in the Amparai district last night. The shots caused panic for some time but no injuries were reported. Police are unable to say who is responsible for having fired the shots.
Published: Tue Sep 26 00:13:50 EDT 2000

Gun politics may swing poll in Sri Lanka's Jaffna
MSNBC, JAFFNA, Sri Lanka, Sept. 25. Douglas Devananda woos voters in Sri Lanka's war-torn Jaffna peninsula, promising them that a cinema he has converted into the fortress headquarters of his militia will one day actually show films. ''The people of Jaffna want peace and normality,''Devananda, leader of the Eelam People's Democratic Party (EPDP), told Reuters at the heavily fortified Sridhar cinema in Jaffna city. Behind Devananda, an EPDP poster for the October 10 general election uses pictures of satellites and computers as symbols of Jaffna's future. More...
Published: Mon Sep 25 22:34:21 EDT 2000

LTTE use students to carry out protests
Bandula Jayasekara in Colombo, SLT 9.25 p.m September 25. The Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam has begun to train students in areas under their control to protest and march against the government. A report revealed today that rebels have made it compulsory for the students studying in grades 10, 11 and 12 to take part in the training from 8.00 a.m to 9.00 a.m daily. The report revealed that all other students and teachers are forced to remain in the school grounds while the senior students are trained by the LTTE.

The students who are trained by the LTTE are then asked to collect food items and supply them to their camps and treat the injured. Students of Mulliyaweli central college in Jaffna have already been used by the LTTE to treat the wounded. Student who refuse to take part in the training are banned from sitting for the ordinary level and advanced level examinations by the LTTE. They have informed the authorities that they have carried out the orders of the LTTE due to fear and the reluctance to neglect their studies.
Published: Mon Sep 25 11:30:56 EDT 2000

People in Jaffna ask for peace; Not elections.
Bandula Jayasekara in Jaffna, September 25, 2000. The city of Jaffna is full of faded blue posters of President Chandrika Kumaratunge displayed during her presidential election campaign. Some one said that she was waving in Tamil in Jaffna. There are no signs of blues and greens or the Sihala Urumaya, which created much hype about contesting in Jaffna. One person said " No. I don't know anything about this Sihala Urumaya fielding candidates from Jaffna. But, I heard that our former cricket captain Arjuna Ranatunge is contesting from that party in Colombo" He paused and asked me " Is it true?" Soldiers and policemen at checkpoints said, " They came to hand over their nominations, distributed leaflets, that's was all" Come what may it is still Tamil politics and Tamil politicians in Jaffna. More...
Published: Mon Sep 25 18:19:57 EDT 2000
Related News Stories
Sri Lankans In Jaffna Seek Normalcy  - Yahoo - By DILSHIKA JAYAMAHA, JAFFNA, Sri Lanka (AP)

Matale Police shoot at JVP procession
Frederica Jansz in Colombo, 1.35 p.m. SLT Monday September 25 . Police in the Matale district today at around 10.30 a.m. fired tear gas and arrested 14 members of the Janatha Vimukthi Peramuna (JVP). The JVP say that after having conducted a picketing campaign for which a 1000 strong crowd of supporters had gathered the party had attempted to conduct a peaceful march. However the police reportedly turned up and fired tear gas to disperse the crowd. Dimuthu Abeykoon, a JVP Provincial Council Member for the Kandy District and Wimal Ratnayake also a JVP Provincial Council Member for the Kurunegala district were among those arrested. Matale police say the crowd showed signs of becoming unruly and that was why they took action. The police maintain they are conducting further inquiries into the matter. One person was admitted to hospital with injuries as a result of the confrontation.
Published: Mon Sep 25 03:48:27 EDT 2000
Related News Stories
One hurt as police fire on Sri Lanka protest-party  - MSNBC
Sri Lankan police open fire on Marxist rally  -

Anura B's party office smashed
Frederica Jansz in Colombo, 9.10 a.m. SLT Monday September 25 . The party office of Opposition MP Anura Bandaranaike at Attanagalla was smashed at around 2.30 a.m. this morning when an unknown gang first destroyed a huge cutout of the burly and outspoken MP before smashing his party office to smithereens.

The incident took place opposite the party office of a PA candidate. Another huge cut-out of Minister Jeyaraj Fernandopulle remained intact during the attack.

Some 100 policeman deployed in the Attanagalla area yesterday to ensure security for tomorrow Tuesday September 26, which is commemorating S. W. R. D. Bandaranaike's death anniversary, were apparently comatose while the attack was taking place.

A European Union mission meanwhile monitoring the forthcoming Lankan parliamentary election said yesterday they are concerned over police not acting against an election related violence at Kandy on Saturday September 23.

The incident involved shooting at Opposition candidate Kheliya Rambukwella contesting for the United National Party. Rambukwella's motorcade was allegedly shot at by the son of a leading politico of the area.

Foreign polls observers who were in Kandy at the time of the attack say police inaction is a cause for serious concern in ensuring a violence free election.

EU polls monitors in the country for only a week, have already deplored the incidents of election related violence in the run up to polls as they say it will hinder the vote which is taking place in an atmosphere of violence and intimidation.
Published: Mon Sep 25 02:26:08 EDT 2000

Related News Stories
Chandrika's men ransacked my office, says brother  - The Hindu (International)
Brother accuses Chandrika's staff of attacking his office  - India Abroad
President directs full probe into attack on Anura's office  - CDN
Chandrika Kumaratunga accused by brother of unleashing violence  -
Sri Lankan leader accused by brother of unleashing violence  -

SLMC to change image
Frederica Jansz in Colombo, 12.10 p.m. SLT Monday September 25. The Sri Lanka Muslim Congress which helped the Peoples Alliance to form a government in 1994 is to change its name to the National Unity Alliance in bid to move away from secular politics.

The NUA's new co-leader Rauf Hakeem in a statement issued yesterday said that the SLMC has been hindered over the years due to it being identified primarily as party representing only the Muslim community.

The newly formed National Unity Alliance, Hakeem asserts, will represent the needs and aspirations of all communities in Sri Lanka. The SLMC whose leader M. H. M. Ashraff was tragically killed in a air disaster a week ago, represented 5.5% of the Muslim minority community in the Island.
Published: Mon Sep 25 02:26:11 EDT 2000

Call for cooperation of all parties to ensure free and fair election - EU mission Chief
CDN, Monday, 25 September. The European Union Election observer mission's Chief John Cushnahan on Friday called for the co-operation of all political parties to protect the democratic process to ensure a free and fair election. He met the representatives of political parties and stressed that his team will do everything possible within its power to help guarantee a free and fair election. Mr. Cushnahan is happy with his well experienced 74 member team who have monitored 42 elections in 33 different countries. The delegation's Media and Research Adviser Peter Cross told the Daily News that the EU Mission will participate in the election as observers and not as monitors. He said that the delegation will also study the pre-election period at a regional level and the entire process of the election including the role of Media will be studied before preparing the final report. More...
Published: Mon Sep 25 06:14:21 EDT 2000

Unidentified gang burns polling cards
Frederica Jansz in Colombo, 11.10 a.m. SLT Monday September 25. An unknown gang today burnt polling cards forcibly seized from a postman in the Kopai area in the Jaffna District. The gang are also reported to have burnt the list carrying registered names of voters along with the postman's other documentation.

On Saturday September 23, another postman delivering polling cards at a Colombo suburb, Rajagiriya was assaulted by two youth who reportedly snatched the polling cards and smashed up his push cycle. The two hooligans were later arrested by the Welikada police.

The postman was admitted to the Colombo National Hospital suffering from wounds received as a result of being beaten by the two youth. The police say that they suspect the two youths were instigated into conducting the attack on the instructions of a politician.
Published: Mon Sep 25 02:26:10 EDT 2000

Related News Stories
Postman assaulted, poll cards snatched  - Island

Farmers fast unto death
Frederica Jansz in Colombo, 10.50 a.m. SLT Monday September 25. Seven farmers who began a fast unto death at Ambalampitiya last week were joined by three more today as demands that the government pay compensation for losses suffered in the last harvest were not met.

It is the second time in one month that Lankan farmers have attempted a fast unto death. In August this year some eleven farmers at Hingurakgoda in the Polonnaruwa district also began a fast unto death which was finally resolved after Premier Ratnasiri Wickremanayake agreed to purchase a kilo of paddy at Rs. 13 as compared against the earlier price of Rs. 8/=.
Published: Mon Sep 25 02:26:09 EDT 2000

25 killed in fighting in Sri Lanka
The Hindu NUS, 22.30 hrs (IST) on September 25, 2000. Colombo, Sept. 25 (PTI): Twenty-four LTTE rebels and a civilian were killed in sporadic fighting between the Sri Lankan Army and the tigers in the north and east, while naval troops seized two suspected rebel supply boats and arrested four persons. More...
Published: Mon Sep 25 13:20:29 EDT 2000
Related News Stories
Twenty four rebels killed in Sri Lankan clashes  - Ananova
Sri Lanka troops kill six Tiger rebels  -

Heritage: Origins of Malays
YAHOO, September 25. As time went on, their original cultural characteristics were significantly modified as they came into contact with other people. From a religious point of view, they were exposed first to Hinduism and then Buddhism. With the coming of the Persians and the Arabs, they embraced Islam.Their place in the history of Ceylon probably began in the 13th century when they invaded Ceylon. This event was graphically described in the "Mahawansa".A Malay prince, Chandrabanu, landed in Ceylon with a party of followers during the reign of Parakramabahu II, but his attack was unsuccessful. Some years later, he returned with reinforcements and threatened war but again had to retreat. It was believed that Chandrabanu went to Ceylon to obtain an image of Buddha which was reported to have miraculous properties.What he failed to obtain by force of arms, he later obtained by passive means and the image was eventually taken to Siam where even in the early 1930s, it was known as the "Sinhalese image". But until the arrival of the Portuguese in the 16th century, there was no recorded information about the Malays in Ceylon. More...
Published: Mon Sep 25 07:54:34 EDT 2000

National: Zainon Ahmad is media monitor for Lanka polls
Yahoo, Sunday, September 24 6:30 PM SGT . The Commonwealth Press Union has appointed New Straits Times editorial consultant Zainon Ahmad as a media monitor for the forthcoming Sri Lanka parliamentary elections scheduled for Oct 10.He leaves for Sri Lanka tomorrow to join four other Commonwealth journalists who will observe the role the media plays in the electoral process. The leader of the five-member team is Sidharth Bhatia from India. More...
Published: Mon Sep 25 01:23:18 EDT 2000

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