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VOL. 1, NO. 190

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The Lanka Academic is delighted to introduce the second guest for our online "Question and Answer" session: Dr. Karunasena Kodituwakku, the spokesperson of the United National Party. Send in your questions and receive answers! ANSWERS TO THE FIRST BATCH OF QUESTIONS HAVE BEEN POSTED. "Answers"
The Lanka Academic carried an online "Question and Answer" sessions with the High Commissioner of Sri Lanka to the United Kingdom, His Excellency Mr. Mangala Moonesinghe from September 1, 2000 through September 24, 2000. You can view the questions from visitors like you and the answers by Mr. Moonesinghe here.
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Bandula Jayasekera, in Colombo. Anuradha Yahampath, a 37 yearold mother of three children, (her youngest child is only two weeks old) is the deputy secretary of Sihala Urumaya. She is also in charge of the party's publicity campaign. Yahmapath was educated at Visakha Vidyalaya in Colombo and graduated from the University of Leeds with a B. A. (Hon) degree in textile design. She is a company director and is involved with her family business. Yahampath is contesting from the Colombo district as a candidate from Sihala Urumaya. `Lacnet' met up with Anuradha Yahampath who seems to be making an attempt to breath fresh air to the election campaign in the island. More...
US State Department. Colombo, 4 August 2000 - The U.S. State Department announced on July 31 that the mail-in period for the next U.S. Diversity Immigrant Visa Lottery Program (DV-2002) will run from noon, October 2, through noon, November 1, 2000. There is no application fee and no special application form is required. The application with the necessary information can simply be typed on a blank sheet of paper. More...
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Final poll results - Parliament will convene on Oct. 18
Frederica Jansz in Colombo, 9.15 p.m. SLT Thursday October 12. The Peoples Alliance secured 107 seats in the final results of the General Election on Tuesday October 10. The Elections Commissioner who released the final results this afternoon said the United National Party (UNP) was in second place with 89 seats, the Janatha Vimukthi Peramuna (JVP) 10, the Tamil United Liberation Front (TULF) 5, the National Unity Alliance 4, (NUA) Eelam Peoples Democratic Party (EPDP) 4, Tamil Eelam Liberation Organization, (TELO) 3, All Ceylon Tamil Congress (ACTC) 1 and one Independent group from the Digamadulla district has won one seat.

The Sihala Urumaya who did not secure a single seat in the final results has however been given one seat on the national list. S. L. Goonesekera, Attorny-at-Law and President of the party will represent the SU in Parliament.

Polls Chief, Dayananda Dissanayake, meanwhile asserted that he has annulled the final poll results gathered from 23 polling centers. The final vote count from 13 polling stations in the Kandy district were declared null and void. Votes from four centers at N'Eliya, two at Ratnapura, one polling centre at Hambantota, one at Kegalle and one at Matale were also declared null and void by the Commissioner.

The Polls Chief in addition has also declared null and void votes gathered from 41 centres in the Jaffna District. He claimed that even in a re-poll results from these areas will prove unsuccessful due to the prevaling security situation.

Dissanayake however maintains he will not hold a by-election in the district of Kandy as the final results do not indicate that some 16,000 votes rigged in the district would have had any serious negative results on either political party. He said today that overall the General Election was conducted in a free and fair manner. He added that Sri Lanka's 11th Parliament will convene on October 18.

The Janantha Vimukthi Peramuna meanwhile says they will not support any party to form a government. Vimal Weeravansha, Party Secretary, said today, that the victories earned by the JVP at Tuesday's election proved the JVP could make a difference in Parliament. The JVP maintained that if not for election malpractices and corruption the party would have won more seats. Weeravansha added that the JVP was not interested in forming a new government but would possibly extend its support to the existing one in order to prevent it from detireroration.

Rauf Hakeem, Secretary General for the NUA said that the government has to prove to the country and the world that they will not sweep under the carpet election malpratices in the way they did last year at the Wayamba Provincial Council elections, which recorded the highest incidents of polls related violence in Sri Lankan history.
Published: Thu Oct 12 12:49:05 EDT 2000

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'The Government Machine was Used to Rig the Poll'- Interview with Sri Lankan opposition leader Ranil Wickremesinghe
TIME , October 12. Are you satisfied with the way the election was conducted? Wickremesinghe: We are concerned about the activities in some areas. In the whole of the Kandy district, there was no free and fair election. The government machine was used to rig the election in favor of certain governing party candidates. This is so of some other constituencies as well. In other areas, thanks to the presence of European Community monitors and Commonwealth observers, the elections have been conducted free and fairly, as much as possible, and the outcome will not be affected adversely. But what has happened in other electorates is quite alarming and we have to take steps now to correct it. More...
Published: Thu Oct 12 21:59:32 EDT 2000

JVP rises from the ashes
The Hindu (International), Friday, October 13, 2000. COLOMBO, OCT. 12. From the tyre pyres of the 1980s to possible kingmakers, the Janatha Vimukthi Peramuna (JVP), which led two armed insurrections against the State, has travelled a long road. The JVP obtained about 6 per cent of the vote in the parliamentary elections, winning 10 seats. For a party that entered the democratic mainstream for the first time with the parliamentary elections of 1994 in which it obtained one seat and one per cent of the vote, its performance in this election is a quantum leap. ``We had our own target, and we are certain we would have achieved it had it not been for the violence on election day,'' said the JVP propaganda secretary, Mr. Wimal Weerawansa, at a news conference today. More...
Published: Thu Oct 12 19:58:10 EDT 2000
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JVP may be 'kingmaker'  - The Hindu NUS
Lanka's Marxists emerge as new political force  - Times of India

Lankan polls fair despite violence: EU monitors
Times of India, Thursday, 12 October. The 75-member European Union poll monitors team on Thursday said that the just concluded parliamentary elections were free and fair, despite incidents of rigging and misuse of official machinery by the ruling People's Alliance (PA) and largescale violence perpetrated by the LTTE to curtail companining. "There were incidents of violence and rigging in some areas but the results released by the election commission reasonably reflected the will of the people," the chief of the EU delegation, Johan cushnahan, said while releasing the report on the elections. The delegation which functioned independently of Election Commission and the government said that the incidents of violence confined to the central province, where supporters of deputy defence minister, Gen. Anurudha Atwatte, has been accussed of iundulging in heavy rigging More...
Published: Thu Oct 12 15:37:30 EDT 2000

Obituary: Sirimavo Bandaranaike, the world's first woman prime minister
TIME, October 12. Her death, like her life, was linked to politics. Her departure, like her arrival, was dramatic. In death, aged 84, Sirimavo Bandaranaike suffered a massive heart attack on Tuesday on her way home from voting in Sri Lanka's general election -- a poll that will determine whether her daughter can pull off a constitutional makeover and end the 18-year-long civil war with the country's Tamil minority. In life, aged 44, this once shy housewife stepped into her assassinated husband's shoes, becoming the world's first elected woman Prime Minister in 1960. Over the years she turned a model state into a socialist poor house, ruthlessly crushed a Marxist revolution and became the darling of the once influential, but now irrelevant Non-Aligned Movement. More...
Published: Thu Oct 12 22:03:28 EDT 2000

Chandrika's brother, 8 ministers among the losers
Times of India, Thursday, 12 October. Sri Lankan President Chandrika Kumaratunga's estranged brother, Anura Bandaranaike, UNP chairman Karu Jayasurya, and eight Cabinet ministers were among the many stalwarts who lost the island's parliamentary elections, media reports here said on Thursday.The Daily Mirror newspaper reported that Anura, who contested Tuesday's poll on the Opposition United National Party ticket, lost the election from his family strong-hold in neighbouring Gampaha distrct by over 3000 votes.Anura, who left the ruling Sri Lanka Freedom Party in a huff after losing succession battle against Chandrika in 1993, emerged as one of her bitter critics both in and outside parliament. More...
Published: Thu Oct 12 15:36:34 EDT 2000

WRAP: Sri Lanka Ruling Party Lacks Majority For Charter
Yahoo, Friday, October 13 4:08 AM SGT . President Chandrika Kumaratunga had campaigned on a pledge to end the war with Tamil Tiger rebels by offering the minority Tamils greater autonomy in a new constitution. The rebels' fight for an independent homeland for Tamils has killed 63,000 since 1983. To pass the new constitution, Kumaratunga's People's Alliance needed to win a two-thirds majority, or at least 150 seats, in the 225-member Parliament. But it only won 107 seats in Tuesday's parliamentary election - far short of even the 113 seats to get a simple majority and form a new government on its own. The president also said she was awaiting a response from another minor party that would give her People's Alliance an absolute majority in Parliament. More...
Published: Thu Oct 12 22:27:41 EDT 2000
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Kumaratunga's PA wins maximum seats, hopes to garner simple majority  - NDTV/MSNBC
People’s Alliance invited to form Govt in Sri Lanka  -
Chandrika asks PA to form the new government  - Bandula Jayasekara in Colombo
PA set to form Govt. in Sri Lanka  - The Hindu NUS
Chandrika invites People’s Alliance to form new Govt  - The Hindustan Times
Sri Lanka's ruling party set to form new government  -
President invites People's Alliance to form govt in Sri Lanka  - Virtual New York
Kumaratunga's party likely to form government  - Times of India
Sri Lanka 'will get new government'  - BBC South Asia

'The Two Main Parties Must End the Separatist War' Web-only interview with political analyst Paikiasothy Saravanamuttu
TIME, October 12. The reason for this election being crucial is simply that the new parliament is going to have to decide on a new constitutional order for Sri Lanka. This will entail two things; firstly, restructuring the state, that is, getting rid of the executive presidential system and returning to a full parliamentary democracy. Secondly, moving away from a unitary state to a devolved quasi-federal, or full federal division of powers which effectively constitutes a political settlement to the ethnic conflict [with the Tamil rebels]. More...
Published: Thu Oct 12 22:01:41 EDT 2000

After Sri Lanka's violent election, dealmaking to come
CSM, October 13. Sri Lankan President Chandrika Kumaratunga's government emerged from Tuesday's vote with a parliamentary lead that should give her a working majority, but the prospects of settling a long, festering conflict seem further off after an election campaign that claimed more than 70 lives.There have been calls for repolling in 17 electoral divisions, but the irregularities are not deemed widespread enough to have changed the overall electoral results, which saw the PA lose its one-seat absolute majority in Parliament. More...
Published: Thu Oct 12 21:39:23 EDT 2000

Kadiragamar to visit Norway tomorrow
Bandula Jayasekara in Colombo, SLT 9.30 p. m 12 October. Foreign Minister Lakshman Kadiragamar will visit Oslo tomorrow to attend the 50th anniversary celebrations of the establishment of Norway/Sri Lanka diplomatic ties Norwegian sources here told ‘The Lanka Academic’ today.

Minister Kadiragamar is expected to meet Norwegian special envoy Eric Solheim who is leading the peace talks between the Sri Lankan government and the LTTE. Kadiragamar's meeting with Soleheim will be of importance after Prime Minister Ratnasiri Wickremanayake said at a People’s Alliance political rally recently that Norwegian peace efforts were off.
Published: Thu Oct 12 11:42:26 EDT 2000

Hanging in the Balance
TIME, October 12. Murders, bomb blast and vote-rigging marred Sri Lanka's Oct. 10 general election. Early results show a hung parliament is likely.It is being billed as perhaps Sri Lanka's most important general election. For whoever wins -- the results will be known on Thursday but a hung parliament is looking increasingly likely -- will have the daunting task of determining the future constitutional structure of the country. More...
Published: Thu Oct 12 21:56:13 EDT 2000

Cong. seeks all-party meet to discuss hostage crisis
The Hindu (Southern States), Friday, October 13, 2000. CHENNAI, OCT. 12. In the wake of the pro-LTTE activist, Mr. P. Nedumaran, being sent as an emissary to negotiate the release of abducted Kannada film actor, Mr. Rajkumar, the State Congress(I) today urged the Tamil Nadu Government to convene an all-party meeting to discuss the official strategy and its ``setback'' in resolving the hostage crisis. The TNCC(I) president, Mr. E.V.K.S. Elangovan, in a statement here, pointed out that the Karnataka Government had held all- party meetings in the State to discuss the Rajkumar hostage crisis, and demanded that a similar meeting be convened by the Tamil Nadu Government. More...
Published: Thu Oct 12 19:49:00 EDT 2000

The Premadasa tradition continues
The Hindu (International), Friday, October 13, 2000. COLOMBO, OCT. 12. The United National Party (UNP) member, Mr. Sajith Premadasa, has emerged as a powerful force in southern Sri Lanka after winning the parliamentary elections with the largest number of preferential votes in Hambantota district. Mr. Sajith, son of the former President, R. Premadasa, also reversed the equation in the district, considered a bastion of the chief PA constituent, the Sri Lanka Freedom Party, by helping the UNP win four out of seven seats. The PA, which won four seats last time, got only two. The Janatha Vimukthi Peramuna retained its single seat in the district. The UNP's victory is a cause of worry for the chief PA candidate of the district and a member of another political dynasty, Mr. Mahinda Rajapakse, as the highest number of preferential votes in Hambantota also went to Mr. Sajith. More...
Published: Thu Oct 12 19:47:27 EDT 2000

TULF makes impressive return in Jaffna
India Abroad, Oct 12, 2000 23:15 Hrs (IST) . Colombo: The moderate Tamil United Liberation Front (TULF), which had been singularly targeted by the separatist Tamil Tiger rebels and virtually driven out of the northern Jaffna peninsula, has made an impressive return to its former stronghold in the parliamentary elections. In what is widely seen as the Jaffna people's disgust with violence and a yearning for a return to democratic politics, the TULF, which did not contest the last elections in 1994 because of disturbed conditions, secured three of the nine seats from Jaffna district. More...
Published: Thu Oct 12 14:45:33 EDT 2000

Curfew in Sri Lanka town after vote result, Oct 12 2000 18:53 IST. COLOMBO, Oct 12 (AFP) - A Sri Lankan town was brought under curfew Thursday as gunmen from the ruling party went beserk after election results showed their party emerging as the largest single group, but short of a majority to form a government. Police in the central district of Kandy declared a dusk-to-dawn curfew to control rampaging mobs of President Chandrika Kumaratunga's People's Alliance (PA) party who stormed police stations in the area, local officials said. More...
Published: Thu Oct 12 10:38:06 EDT 2000
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Curfew in Kandy  - Frederica Jansz in Colombo

Minister to represent Pakistan at Bandaranaike's funeral, Oct 12 2000 22:36 IST. ISLAMABAD, Oct 12 (AFP) - Federal Minister for Sports and Tourism S.K. Tressler will represent Pakistan at the state funeral of former Sri Lankan prime minister Srima Bandaranaike, officials said Thursday. Tressler will leave for Colombo on Friday to attend the funeral rituals scheduled for Saturday. More...
Published: Thu Oct 12 14:42:21 EDT 2000

JVP will not be carried away by cabinet offers- Tilvin Silva
Bandula Jayasekara in Colombo, SLT 8.00 p.m. October 12. General Secretary of the JVP said today that his party would work in the interest of the country and will not be carried away by offers of cabinet portfolios or any other benefits. Speaking to ‘The Lanka Academic’ minutes before attending a crucial party meeting Silva said “ Nobody has approached us and we have decided not to support any party. All I can say is that we will work in the interest of the nation. That is our prime concern and we will not let down the masses”.

All eyes are on the JVP , only single party other than the PA and the UNP which won crucial ten seats with two from the national list. The party is of the opinion that they could play an active role by not joining any group while keeping the government in power on check.

Meanwhile Sihala Urumaya, which won only a national seat, nominated party president S.L. Gunasekara to the parliamentary seat.
Published: Thu Oct 12 10:16:10 EDT 2000

EU deplores Sri Lanka election violence
ABC News, 10/12/2000 10:21:00 ET. COLOMBO, Oct 12 (Reuters) - European Union monitors on Thursday deplored the violence that tainted Sri Lanka"s general elections and backed the poll commissioner"s decision to annul the vote in the worst affected areas. "Our observers...identified areas of particular concern because of the level of violence and dubious electoral practices," EU mission leader, John Cushnahan, told a news conference. "The most serious violence.... was concentrated in the Central province. We are not surprised that the commissioner concluded he had no choice but to annul the election in certain areas," Cushnahan said. He said the "selfish activities of some candidates and their supporters had disenfranchised the very people they sought to represent," but added he believed the final election outcome, reasonably reflected the will of the people. Sri Lanka"s ruling People"s Alliance coalition emerged on Thursday as the winner of this week"s general election with 107 seats, but fell short of an absolute majority. More...
Published: Thu Oct 12 11:39:31 EDT 2000
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EU monitors back Sri Lankan poll results despite fraud, violence  -

No overall winner in Sri Lanka
BBC South Asia, Thursday, 12 October, 2000, 11:57 GMT 12:57 U. President Chandrika Kumaratunga's ruling People's Alliance has emerged as the single biggest grouping in Sri Lanka's general election. The seven-party PA won 107 seats, but fell short of an absolute majority in the elections according to official results published on Thursday. Final results Total seats - 225 PA - 107 UNP - 89 JVP -10 TULF - 5 EPDR - 4 The PA is 18 seats ahead of its main rival the United National Party which won 89 seats in the 225-member parliament. More...
Published: Thu Oct 12 08:20:00 EDT 2000
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Sri Lanka's ruling party tops polls but falls short of majority  -
Kumaratunga claims election victory  - BBC South Asia
Ruling People's Alliance claims win in Lanka polls  - The Hindustan Times
Ruling party wins majority votes in Lankan elections  -
Final tally in Sri Lanka's parliamentary polls  - MSNBC
PA wins Sri Lanka polls, falls short of majority  - The Hindu NUS
Sri Lanka's ruling party tops polls for minority government  -
Sri Lanka PA wins poll, falls short of majority  - ABC News
Sri Lanka's ruling party takes most seats in polls  - MSNBC
Sri Lanka PA wins poll, falls short of majority  - MSNBC

Sri Lanka reds emerge as potent force in hung parliament, Oct 11 2000 18:07 IST. COLOMBO, Oct 11 (AFP) - Sri Lanka's Marxists, who twice tried to oust governments through armed rebellions, were set Wednesday to call the shots in a hung parliament likely to emerge from the latest election. The JVP, or the People's Liberation Front, was set to win about seven crucial seats in the 225-member national assembly where no clear winner has emerged following Tuesday's bitterly fought elections. The government snatched a greater victory from us in at least 10 districts," Weerawansa said. "Yet, people have given us the mandate we sought." More...
Published: Wed Oct 11 10:18:20 EDT 2000
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Former insurgent group emerges as democratic force  - India Abroad
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SLMC crucial for PA forming government
Tamilnet, October 11. The People's Alliance and its minority allies, the Eelam People's Democratic Front and the National Unity Alliance, together have obtained enough seats to form the government in Sri Lanka. However, the decision of the Sri Lanka Muslim Congress will be crucial for the PA in forming the government this week. Six SLMC candidates, four who contested on the PA list and two on the NUA list, have been elected.Elections officials in Colombo said that the PA has got 95 seats and the UNP 78. The JVP obtained 8 seats. Once the number of seats that each party is to be allocated according to total votes it has obtained country wide is computed, the PA should get 14 additional seats the officials said. A party needs at least 114 seats in the Sri Lankan Parliament to form a stable government. More...
Published: Wed Oct 11 20:33:37 EDT 2000

PAFFREL says........
Frederica Jansz in Colombo, 3.05 p.m. SLT Thursday October 12. Preliminary reports submitted by PAFFREL/ MFFE election observers in the field indicate that the general election was conducted in an essentially free and fair manner in 12 out of 20 electoral districts in the country (excluding the two districts of Jaffna and Wanni, which are directly affected by the ongoing war). However, reports from observers indicate a large scale breakdown of the electoral process in a number of areas in eight of the electoral districts. The violence and disorder that prevailed in those areas was of a level that amounted to a denial of a free and fair poll.

A high level of violence, intimidation and ballot stuffing leading in some cases to an interruption of the poll itself was reported in the electoral districts of Kandy, Anuradhapura, Puttalam, Matale, Gampaha, Kegalle, Kurunegala and Nuwara Eliya. Within those districts the electoral divisions that had conditions that were particularly bad were Galagedera, Harispattuwa, Patha Dumbara, Uda Dumbara, Teldeniya, Hewaheta, Yati Nuwara, Uda Nuwara and Nawalapitiya in the Kandy district; Kalaweva and Kekirawa in the Anuradhapura district; Anamaduwa and Natthandiya in the Puttalam district; Dambulla in the Matale district; Aranayake and Rambukkana in the Kegalle district; Katana and Minuwangoda in the Gampaha district; Hanguranketha and Walapane in the Nuwara Eliya district; Hiriyala, Nikeweratiya and Wariyapola in the Kurunegala district.

It should be noted that these were also the same areas in which conditions were most unsettled during the election campaign. There was adequate notice to the government and political parties to address these problems. Many pledges were made, even by the President, but the action taken was ineffective. Instead of conditions improving by the time of the election, they appear to have got further aggravated in a negative direction.

Considering the high incidence of violence during the period leading to the poll PAFFREL and MFFE find that the orderly conditions maintained on election day itself in the majority of polling stations is a positive outcome and augurs well for the future. The major share of the credit for this should go to the Police and Election Commissioner. The statement made by the President that candidates who violated the election laws or resorted to electoral violence would receive no place in the next government would also have had a restraining effect. We trust that the President will implement her pledge that violators will be excluded.

Another promising feature of the election that has been concluded has been the way in which many groups of concerned citizens have organised themselves to campaign against the violence that has deeply flawed our electoral process and our democratic institutions. There is no doubt that the public outcry against political violence has had some positive impact. However Tuesday's election showed some powerful politicians continue to use violence and intimidatory methods with impunity.
Published: Thu Oct 12 05:09:53 EDT 2000

Polls chief to nullify results at 22 centres
Frederica Jansz in Colombo. Elections Commissioner Dayananda Dissanayake has announced that he will nullify the final count of elections results at 22 centres in Sri Lanka's North.

The Commissioner is meeting this morning with Secretaries of all political parties to discuss the final outcome of the General Election held on Tuesday. The result for Kandy district has yet not been released as allegations of widespread rigging and election related violence was reported from the area on October 10.

Meanwhile as both the PA and UNP failed to secure a working majority of 125 seats desperate discussions are being held as the two major parties try to cobble together a coalition.
Published: Thu Oct 12 02:19:30 EDT 2000

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Official poll results from Kandy district
Frederica Jansz in Colombo, 3 p.m. SLT Thursday October 12. The Elections Commissioner after much debate finally released the official poll results from the Kandy district which show the Peoples Alliance has secured 6 seats, the United National Party is in second place with 5 seats and the National Unity Alliance has secured one solitary seat.

The results for Kandy District were delayed in view of allegations of widespread rigging, intimidation and assault in the hill capital.
Published: Thu Oct 12 05:09:52 EDT 2000

Sri Lanka's minority Muslims hold key to new government, Oct 12 2000 14:56 IST. COLOMBO, Oct 12 (AFP) - Sri Lanka's minority Muslims Thursday emerged as the main determining force in ongoing horse trading and held the key to President Chandrika Kumaratunga's bid to cling to power in a hung parliament. The Sri Lanka Muslim Congress (SLMC), which contested on its own in several districts but fielded some candidates under Kumaratunga's People's Alliance (PA) symbol, won at least nine seats in Tuesday's polls. More...
Published: Thu Oct 12 06:40:21 EDT 2000
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Lanka poll results awaited, ruling PA claims victory  -
Sri Lankan election results due shortly  - BBC South Asia
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Commonwealth lauds Lankan voters
Bandula Jayasekara in Colombo, SLT 9.30 a. m October 12. A statement issued late last night by the office of the Commonwealth Secretary –General lauded the Sri Lankan voters for keeping faith in the democratic process, specially the people living in the troubled Northern and Eastern regions. It stated “ Sri Lanka’s elections took place against a back drop of continued hostility between government forces and militant groups in parts of the Northern and Eastern provinces which in the parts of the country affected did not provide for an atmosphere conducive to the holding of free and fair elections Nevertheless, the people of Sri Lanka have kept faith with the democratic process. Everywhere the commonwealth team went, large numbers turned out to vote and did so by patiently, by and large in an orderly manner”

The Commonwealth team, which covered nine of twenty-two electoral districts, are in Sri Lanka on the invitation of the Commissioner of Elections.
Published: Wed Oct 11 23:59:01 EDT 2000

CMEV claims rigged votes at 17 electorates
Frederica Jansz in Colombo, 8.30 a.m. SLT Wednesday October 11. The Centre for Monitoring Elections claims that due to widespread election related violence and violations, yesterday's poll should be declared null and void in at least 17 electorates.

As at 2.30 pm on election day, CMEV has received reports of serious election violations, including instances of murder, bombing, stuffing of ballot boxes, removal of ballot boxes, systematic impersonation and ballot rigging, threats and intimidation of both polling agents and voters, and the use of firearms including automatic weapons, as well as the misuse of state resources including military vehicles and personnel, from 210 polling centres in 57 electorates.

The election monitoring body states, of these, the nature and extent of violations have been so widespread and serious in the following electorates as to render the final outcome in these areas utterly meaningless. CMEV, will urge the Commissioner of Elections to annul the voting in these electoral divisions even before the poll is closed, in order to minimize the violence in these areas as well as to restore credibility to the electoral process in other regions of the country.

CMEV maintains that vote rigging and violence took place yesterday at Puttalam in the Anamaduwa electorate, at Anuradhapura in the Kalawewa area and at Gampaha in the area of Katana and Ja Ela. At Nawalapitiya, Patha Dumbara and Galagedera in the Kandy district. In Sri Lanka's Central, Uva and Sabaragamuwa areas the CMEV claims votes polled should be annulled at Hanguranketa, Mahiyangana, Kegalle and Rambukkana respectively.

CMEV further asserts that Beliatta in the Hambantota district, Kayts in Jaffna and Batticaloa all reported serious incidents of election rigging and instances of violence.

Seven persons were killed on election day as a result of polls related violence.
Published: Wed Oct 11 03:40:40 EDT 2000

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CMEV calls on Election Commissioner to annul votes in 17 electorates  - Nilan Fernando in Colombo

Latest Sri Lanka Poll Results Signal Close Race
ABC News, 10/11/2000 02:03:00 ET. COLOMBO (Reuters) - Sri Lanka"s ruling People"s Alliance and the opposition United National Party were heading for a close finish in an acrimonious election marred by murder, bombing and vote rigging, latest results showed on Wednesday. The general election is a key test of President Chandrika Kumaratunga"s plan to end the country"s 17-year ethnic war with the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) in which more than 61,000 people have died since 1983. State-owned Rupavahani television said that by 11 a.m. (0500 GMT) Kumaratunga"s People"s Alliance (PA) had garnered 46 percent of the total votes counted against UNP"s 41 percent after results for 109 of the 168 polling divisions were announced. An individual final breakup of polling divisions was not immediately available as results were still being announced. In Sri Lanka"s complex electoral system -- a mix of direct voting and proportional representation -- the number of polling divisions won do not directly translate into parliamentary seats. Seats are allocated according to the percentage of total votes polled by a party in larger electoral districts. A nationwide curfew imposed following Tuesday"s poll was lifted at dawn as counting began in some districts where it had been delayed by violence and other problems. State media said around 75 percent of some 12 million eligible voters cast their ballots to elect members to the 225-seat parliament. More...
Published: Wed Oct 11 03:07:53 EDT 2000
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Horse trading under way as Lanka heads for hung parliament  -
Lankan polls: Main Oppn, Chandrika`s party in keen tussle  - Deccan Herald
Sri Lanka parties battle to form coalition in hung parliament  -
Lanka heads for coalition as parties scramble for alliances  - India Abroad

Sri Lanka poll results deferred
Virtual New York, Wednesday, 11 October 2000 22:27 (ET). Sri Lanka's Elections Commission Wednesday deferred the announcement of results for parliamentary elections and annulled polling in 22 areas amid allegations of rigging and poll violence. Elections Commissioner Dayananda Dissanayake appeared on state-run television to announce that he had decided to defer the formal declaration of results for Tuesday's parliamentary elections. Dissanayake said that he had summoned a meeting of representatives of all political parties Thursday to discuss poll results with them before making a formal announcement. "I expect to announce the results only after the meeting. There are several issues that need to be discussed before any declaration is made," he said. More...
Published: Thu Oct 12 01:03:24 EDT 2000
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Violence Hits Sri Lanka Elections; Count Delayed  - Yahoo
Sri Lanka delays final vote results amid vote-rigging charges  - Yahoo
Lanka poll results put off till Thursday  - India Abroad
PAFFREL/ MFFE Media Release on the Conduct of the Poll  - People's Action For Free and Fair elections( PAFFREL)
Sri Lanka's Elections chief says result delayed  - MSNBC

S.Lanka poll results awaited, ruling PA claims win
MSNBC, 12 October 2000. Sri Lanka's ruling People's Alliance (PA) coalition claimed victory on Thursday in the country's tainted general election despite delayed official declaration of final poll results.The results were delayed by the Elections Commissioner, Dayananda Dissanayake, on Wednesday following allegations of ballot stuffing and widespread violence, including murders and bombings. Final results would be announced after a meeting with political parties scheduled for 11.30 a.m. (0530 GMT), he said. The results had previously been expected on Wednesday.Government media proclaimed that President Chandrika Kumaratunga's ruling PA had won the elections, capturing 109 seats in the 225-member parliament.The main opposition United National Party (UNP) had won 90 seats while the remainder were shared by the leftist People's Liberation Front and other Tamil groups, government media said.

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Published: Thu Oct 12 01:07:45 EDT 2000

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Vote leaves Sri Lanka hanging after bitter ballot  -
Kumaratunga's party maintains lead in elections  - Times of India (Breaking News)
Ruling PA emerges single largest party in Lankan polls  - The Hindustan Times
Sri Lanka's ruling party leads election  - Virtual New York
Chandrika's party takes the lead  - The Hindu NUS
PA secures majority in 17 of 20 districts  - Frederica Jansz in Colombo
Incumbents Lead Sri Lankan Polls  - Yahoo
Chandrika Kumaratunga may come back to power  - NDTV/MSNBC

Sri Lanka's ruling party wracked by post-poll mud-slinging, Oct 11 2000 19:26 IST. COLOMBO, Oct 11 (AFP) - Sri Lanka's ruling party was Wednesday wracked by infighting when a minister accused a colleague of falsely implicating him over vote-rigging and working against the party's interests. Anuruddha Ratwatte, energy minister and junior defence minister, in a statement accused Agriculture Minister D.M. Jayaratne, who doubles up as general secretary of the ruling People's Alliance (PA), of being a liar."He is trying to tarnish our victory," Ratwatte said in a statement signed by him and seven prominent PA members. More...
Published: Wed Oct 11 10:16:23 EDT 2000
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S.Lanka govt ally links support to violence probe  - MSNBC
Commonwealth team finds flaws in Sri Lanka vote  -
Commonwealth reports Sri Lankan election abuses  - MSNBC
Sri Lanka's ruling party heads for victory: radio  -

TULF proves it has base in peninsula
The Hindu (International), Thursday, October 12, 2000. COLOMBO, OCT 11. All but driven away from Jaffna by the Tamil Tigers, the Tamil United Liberation Front today made an impressive comeback with its performance in the peninsula in the Parliamentary elections, proving that there is still place for moderate politics in the Tamil community.``Last time, we extended outside support to the Chandrika government because she promised to solve the problem. This time, if the UNP gives us an undertaking that they will talk to the LTTE, we will be prepared to support them,'' said Mr. Anandasangaree. But he ruled out joining the government. More...
Published: Wed Oct 11 16:18:59 EDT 2000
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Lankan people's verdict a signal to the government to end ethnic conflict  - NDTV/MSNBC
Specter of a hung Parliament looms large over Sri Lanka  -

Exclude suspect ballot papers, elections Chief tells Kandy returning officer
Island-Election, 12 October 2000. KANDY: The Commissioner of Elections has issued instructions to the Kandy’s Returning Officer to exclude those ballot papers from the ballot boxes reported to have been introduced forcibly by unscrupulous elements at certain polling stations,in the early hours of the polling day.After having received the instructions from the Commissioner of Elections counting of the ballot papers of the Kandy district Kandy’s Returning Officer and Government Agent said yesterday (11).The counting of ballot papers of the Kandy District was delayed until the instructions from the Commissioner of Elections were received, Mr. Beddewela said. Meanwhile a senior Polls Officer (SPO) of a polling station in Panwila area in Pathadumbara has closed down the polling station hours before the scheduled time of 4 p.m. for the closure of ballot boxes yesterday and returned to Kandy Secretariat,with the ballot box.The SPO is understood to have reported that he could not maintain the polling station due allegedly to some unscrupulous persons attempting to impersonale.Meanwhile Kandy’s Returning Officer S. B. Beddewela said that incidents of violence on the election day were reported mainly from certain areas of Pathadumbara,Hewaheta, Udunuwara, Nawalapitiya and Akurana. More...
Published: Wed Oct 11 20:57:44 EDT 2000

Smaller parties hold balance of power in SriLanka
ABC Australia, 12 October 2000. In Sri Lanka, it now appears that a number of smaller parties may hold the balance of power in a new parliament. With final votes being counted, it appears neither of the major parties have won a clear majority.The ruling People's Alliance is marginally ahead of the main opposition-united Nationalist Party,but smaller opposition parties have won unexpected gains.PA coalition may suffer a setback as one of its key allies, the Sri Lankan Muslim Congress is reportedly threatening to withdraw support. More...
Published: Wed Oct 11 19:28:50 EDT 2000
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S.Lanka state radio gives poll win to ruling party  - MSNBC
Chandrika's alliance establishes early lead  - The Hindustan Times
People’s Alliance on top in Lanka polls  - India Abroad
Sri Lankan state radio says ruling party wins poll  - MSNBC

Sri Lanka re-imposes overnight curfew amid fears of post-poll violence, Oct 11 2000 19:58 IST. COLOMBO, Oct 11 (AFP) - Sri Lanka slapped an overnight seven-hour curfew for a second day Wednesday, amid fears of post-election violence. The government announced the curfew late Wednesday, to last from 10:00 p.m. (1600 GMT) to 5:00 a.m. (2300 GMT). More...
Published: Wed Oct 11 11:55:39 EDT 2000
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Islandwide Curfew Imposed  - Saroj Pathirana in London
Indefinite curfew in Batticaloa  - Frederica Jansz in Colombo

Tight race in Sri Lanka
BBC South Asia, Wednesday, 11 October, 2000, 09:14 GMT 10:14 . With just over one million votes counted, the ruling People's Alliance coalition is only 2% ahead of its main rival, the United National Party. An estimated 75% of the country's 12 million electorate turned out to vote in an election marred by allegations of widespread vote-rigging, violence and intimidation. More...
Published: Wed Oct 11 06:42:26 EDT 2000
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Markets urge unity as Sri Lanka heads for hung parliament  -
PA, UNP may not get majority  - The Hindu NUS
High degree of uncertainty of outcome; Pre-polls survey reveals erosion of public confidence in main parties  - Island
PA, UNP heading for close finish  - The Hindu NUS
Lankan polls: Close finish likely  - India Abroad
Lanka's ruling alliance leads poll count  - India Abroad
UPDATE 5-Sri Lanka poll results signal close race  - ABC News
Lankan poll results pour in, Kumaratunga’s party heading for victory  -
Sri Lankan parties seek allies as counting points to hung parliament  -

Rosmead Place - where it all happened
Daily News, 12 October 2000. Sri Lanka's former Premier and elder Stateswoman Sirimavo Ratwatte Dias Bandaranaike bids goodbye to her Rosmead Place residence today - the home where she lived and started her unparalleled political career. The mortal remains of Mrs. Bandaranaike will lie-in-state at the Rosmead Place residence till 11 a.m. Her remains will then be taken from her Rosmead Place residence to Parliament and the body will lie-in-state from 11.20 am to 2 pm before being taken to Horagolla later today. More...
Published: Wed Oct 11 18:59:40 EDT 2000
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Nepal king, PM send condolences over death of Bandarnaike  -
Sirima Bandaranaike a "great patriot:" Bangladesh  -
S.Lankans pay tribute to world's first woman PM  - ABC News
Sri Lanka mourns Bandaranaike  - India Abroad
Sri Lankans salute Sirimavo  -
State funeral for Bandaranaike on Oct. 14  - The Hindu NUS
Two days national mourning for Sirimavo  - Frederica Jansz in Colombo

'Mother of the nation' put Sri Lanka on the world map: media, Oct 11 2000 08:35 IST. COLOMBO, Oct 11 (AFP) - Sri Lankan newspapers Wednesday mourned the death of the "mother of the nation" Sirima Bandaranaike, saying the world's first woman prime minister had helped put the tiny island nation on the map. "Mother of the nation departs," lamented the Daily Mirror newspaper in an extra bold headline, carrying a photograph of the 84-year-old leader voting in Tuesday's parliamentary elections shortly before her death.Bandaranaike collapsed in her limousine on her way back to Colombo from her family constituency after voting and was found dead on admission to a nursing home. The Mirror devoted a page to Bandaranaike with a vignette of photographs showing the veteran politician at different stages in her 40-year career including snaps of her with world leaders such as former Egyptian president Gamal Abdel Nasser, China's Mao Zedong, Pope Paul VI and ex-Indian premier Indira Gandhi. More...
Published: Wed Oct 11 03:18:36 EDT 2000

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