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VOL. 1, NO. 193

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The Lanka Academic is delighted to introduce the second guest for our online "Question and Answer" session: Dr. Karunasena Kodituwakku, the spokesperson of the United National Party. Send in your questions and receive answers! ANSWERS TO THE FIRST BATCH OF QUESTIONS HAVE BEEN POSTED. "Answers"
· Overview of Results
· LAcNet Election Center
The Lanka Academic carried an online "Question and Answer" sessions with the High Commissioner of Sri Lanka to the United Kingdom, His Excellency Mr. Mangala Moonesinghe from September 1, 2000 through September 24, 2000. You can view the questions from visitors like you and the answers by Mr. Moonesinghe here.
The Constitution of the Republic of Sri Lanka
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(The proposed new constitution)
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Where is MIR today?
Bandula Jayasekera, in Colombo. She has done so much for the country's arts, culture, environment, and its society. She was a member of the Environmental Authority and continues to run the organisation 'Rukrekaganno' from her house. That too because she was asked to vacate the premises the organisation occupied earlier. Once Gamani Fonseka said of her "With her talent she could have won many Oscars if she had been born in America." President Chandrika calls her affectionately 'Chandi Nanda' and Ranil Wickremasinghe is her close relation too. She is the inimitable Irangani Serasinghe. More...
US State Department. Colombo, 4 August 2000 - The U.S. State Department announced on July 31 that the mail-in period for the next U.S. Diversity Immigrant Visa Lottery Program (DV-2002) will run from noon, October 2, through noon, November 1, 2000. There is no application fee and no special application form is required. The application with the necessary information can simply be typed on a blank sheet of paper. More...
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US lukewarm in reaction to Lanka polls
Times of India, October 15. WASHINGTON: The Clinton administration has been lukewarm in its reaction to the Sri Lankan polls, offering only its oft-stated policy that calls for a political resolution to the conflict that has claimed more than 60,000 lives in the island nation in the past 17 years. The US Department of State said in a statement that the US hopes that "following the elections, Sri Lanka will be able to move ahead on ending the ethnic conflict through a negotiated political settlement, providing dignity and security for all Sri Lankans while preserving the country's unity and territorial integrity." More...
Published: Sun Oct 15 16:22:34 EDT 2000

Ask Karu! Send in your questions to the spokesperson of UNP, Dr. Karunasena Kodituwakku, and receive answers.
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Tough time ahead for Chandrika
TOI, October 16. After a close election victory, President Chandrika Kumaratunga is gearing for another tough battle: running a jigsaw coalition that props up her government, and wants a lot in return.Kumaratunga, who is expected to announce her cabinet on Monday, was experiencing the pulls of coalition politics as the government's partners made a series of demands including Cabinet positions, diplomatic postings and a pledge to end the civil war with Tamil Tiger rebels. Her government was formed on Friday. More...
Published: Sun Oct 15 19:52:40 EDT 2000
Related News Stories
Troubled waters ahead for Lanka's shaky coalition  - India Abroad
Polls another personal victory for Chandrika  - India Abroad

Sri Lanka's king-maker party faces internal crisis
Times of India, October 15. COLOMBO: Sri Lanka's main Muslim party which set a 100-day deadline for President Chandrika Kumaratunga to adopt a controversial statute, was heading for an internal crisis, political sources said Sunday. SLMC joint leader Rauf Hakeem indicated there were differences within the party which emerged as a key player after Tuesday's vote. "We have a religious tradition. Even if a majority disagrees, finally it is the decision of the leader that counts," Hakeem said referring to dissension in the party. More...
Published: Sun Oct 15 16:20:15 EDT 2000

Sri Lanka's shaky coalition delays cabinet
Virtual New York, october 15. Sri Lanka's the three-day old Prime Minister Ratnasiri Wickremenayake Sunday said he was waiting for an auspicious time to appoint federal ministers even as his coalition government faces a major threat owing to a split within the minor party extending crucial support to the ruling People's Alliance.Wickremenayake said on television that the cabinet formation would take place on an auspicious time according to the Buddhist almanac.But the coalition government has taken off to a shaky start with the National Unity Alliance, a Muslim-dominated coalition partner of the People's Alliance is struggling to fend off the rebellion in the party over the support it has extended to the People's Alliance government. More...
Published: Sun Oct 15 14:07:04 EDT 2000
Related News Stories
35 Ministers in PA govt.’s new cabinet?  - The Island

Sri Lankan Violence Spills From Civil War Into the Voting Booth
Yahoo, october 15. The twisting roads and verdant vistas surrounding this historic city in central Sri Lanka are full of surprises: bathing elephants, colorful Buddhist temples and crumbling monuments of Sri Lanka's ancient Sinhalese kingdom.On election day last Tuesday, the surprise was armed men who drove up to village polling places, shouting at people to go home. The gunmen fired shots or threw grenades. In many places, residents said, they forced their way into voting booths and stuffed boxes with ballots.Policemen at the polls "did our best, and I am very happy that no one died," said a police official who subdued an angry crowd after a grenade was tossed near a polling place. "I don't want to see blood; I want to see people use their wisdom to vote. But the way the system is set up, this election fight has become a war."In Madewala, a largely Muslim town, residents said jeeps drove up to one polling place and Ratwatte supporters with guns tried to chase voters away. Across the street, someone threw a grenade, injuring 18 people. More...
Published: Sun Oct 15 14:55:43 EDT 2000

EPDP leader on why he decided to support Chandrika.
Bandula Jayasekara in Colombo, SLT 9.40 p.m. October 15. Douglas Devananda leader of Eelam People’s Democratic Party said today that his party decided to extend their support to President Chandrika Kumaratunge’s Peoples Alliance, as PA was more open in finding a solution to the Tamil problem.

Devananda said, “ We put forward three conditions to the Peoples Alliance to extend our support. That is to stop the war, solve our peoples day to day problems and to find a respectable solution to the Tamil problem”

Douglas Devananda also made a public appeal yesterday to President Kumaratunge to bring back the draft new constitution to end the suffering of all the Tamils in the country. EPDP chief made his appeal during his speech at former Prime Minister Sirimavo Bandaranaiake’s funeral in Attanagalla in the presence of the Maha Sanga who are opposed to the draft constitution.
Published: Sun Oct 15 11:38:36 EDT 2000

Related News Stories
Powerful cabinet portfolio offered -EPDP  - TamilNet

Sri Lanka: -Peace efforts to continue
Norway Post , October 15. Norway's role as mediator in the civil war in Sri Lanka is not over, according to Foreign Minister Lakshman Kadirgaman, who is now planning a trip to Oslo to clarify matters, following conflicting statements earlier this month. Sri Lanka's Foreign Minister, speaking to Aftenposten's reporter in Colombo, says there is no serious conflict within the government concerning Norway's role, but admitted that during the heat of the election campaign, statements were made which might have led to misunderstandings. More...
Published: Sun Oct 15 14:30:38 EDT 2000

All clear for Viagra in Sri Lanka
Bandula Jayasekara in Colombo, SLT 9.45 a.m October 15. Drug regulatory authority in Sri Lanka has hesitantly approved the sale of Vigara in the country a report in 'The Sunday Leader' said today. The report said the authorities had delayed the approval of the impotence curing pill due to health concerns such as the risk of heart attacks and the possibility of misuse.

Prior to its recent approval Viagra had been sold in the black market at exorbitant prices. However ,with the official clearance, the tablet will be sold at a controlled retail price of RS. 685 for a 50 mg tablet.

Arrival of the impotence curing pill is viewed with interest here despite the death of a 43 year old saw mill owner at Moraumulla who suffered a heart attack after consuming two Viagra pills. He was said to have experienced heart problems in the past.

On a lighter note, Sri Lanka's most popular music band 'Gypsies' came out with a cassette titled 'Viagra' but, the agents for the tablet in Sri Lanka threatened to take the band to courts and the group withdrew the cassette from the market. 'Gypsies' carried out a successful advertising teaser campaign which kept the prospective users of 'Viagra' on their toes. Their advertising campaign stated ' Viagra- one hour of pure pleasure for only RS. 125.
Published: Sat Oct 14 23:44:50 EDT 2000

Sri Lanka vote goes to court as monitors cry foul, Oct 15 2000 11:34 IST. COLOMBO, Oct 15 (AFP) - Sri Lanka's shaky coalition was headed for uncertainty Sunday as the main opposition said it was seeking a court order for a repoll in the violence-affected central province. The main opposition United National Party (UNP) said it was seeking a writ cancelling Tuesday's elections as violence and vote rigging had seriously affected the final result. More...
Published: Sun Oct 15 08:32:38 EDT 2000
Related News Stories
Local monitors seriously fault election  - SriLankaElections Website

Sri Lanka's shaky coalition under threat
Virtual New York, october 15. The three-day old coalition government in Sri Lanka faced a major threat Sunday owing to a split within the minor party extending crucial support to the ruling People's Alliance.A section of NUA supporters attacked the house of its leader Rauf Hakeem Saturday night in the capital Colombo. The irate mob damaged Hakeem's ice cream shop and stoned his house protesting against his decision to back President Chandrika Kumaratunga's alliance.Analysts say that a split in the NUA could lead to the collapse of the PA government. The main opposition United National Party, which needs the support of 24 parliamentarians to stake claim for power, was reportedly attempting to woo some NUA deputies to join its ranks. More...
Published: Sun Oct 15 13:40:12 EDT 2000

Sri Lanka stocks end down on ruling party poll win
Buisness Recorder, October 14. Sri Lanka stocks ended lower on Friday as the main opposition party's failure to win Tuesday's general election prompted more retail investors to bail out.The Colombo all share index ended 0.53 percent or 2.69 points lower at 509 points.Sri Lanka's ruling People's Alliance coalition emerged on Thursday as the winner but fell short of an absolute majority.Government officials said on Friday the PA had won the support of the largely Muslim National Unity Alliance, giving it a working majority in the hung parliament.The main opposition United National Party (UNP) is also trying to cobble together a coalition."With chances slimmer for a UNP government, retailers opted to sell across-the-board," said a broker at a local brokerage. More...
Published: Sun Oct 15 14:36:59 EDT 2000

Sri Lanka markets nervous as vote goes to court
Voila-UK, October 15. Sri Lanka's shaky coalition government was headed for more uncertainty as the main opposition party called for a new election amid accusations of ballot-rigging and intimidation, while the business community watched and waited nervously. The main opposition United National Party (UNP) said it would seek a Court of Appeal order cancelling the vote as violence had seriously affected the final result which led to a hung parliament. More...
Published: Sun Oct 15 14:34:03 EDT 2000
Related News Stories
Sri Lanka markets nervous as vote goes to court  -

Sri Lankan hard-liner reinstalled as prime minister
Seatlle Times , october 15. Stung by the voters in her attempt to grant more autonomy to the Tamils, Sri Lanka's president yesterday reappointed a hard-line prime minister who believes the government should keep waging the war against the rebels. President Chandrika Kumaratunga had called Tuesday's election to try to win enough seats to push through a new constitution giving the minority Tamils greater autonomy in the north and east as a way to end the 17-year war waged by the Tamil Tigers for a homeland. The war has left 63,000 dead. More...
Published: Sun Oct 15 14:26:38 EDT 2000
Related News Stories
Sri Lanka's turmoil - An Editorial  - Boston Globe

Extreme right make significant gains in Sri Lankan elections - A Commentry
World Socialist Web SIte, October 15. The results of general elections held in Sri Lanka on Tuesday reveal widespread disaffection with the major parties generated by the country's protracted civil war, falling living standards and the growth of unemployment and poverty. But the main beneficiaries have been the Sinhala extremist parties—Janatha Vimukthi Peramuna (JVP) and Sihala Urumaya Party (SUP).The share of the vote won by the ruling Peoples Alliance (PA) declined to 45 percent, down from 48 percent in the 1994 elections. Significantly it lost seats in its strongholds of Polonnaruwa and Hambantota, where poverty-stricken peasants have been agitating for higher produce prices and other assistance. Four PA ministers lost their seats including trade minister Kingly Wickramaratne. It has 107 seats—six short of a majority in the 225-seat parliament. More...
Published: Sun Oct 15 14:00:32 EDT 2000

Let my pictures do the talking
Sunday Times, October 15. A Policeman walked out to the road where I was standing and wanted me to come over to the Police Station immediately. When I went in, he told me "they are planning to block your vehicle on the way to Colombo and assault you and the driver. Wait here until we help you out.." I was grateful to this conscientious policeman. Some of his colleagues also joined him and warned me that those who had planned to attack us may hurl grenades or even open fire at us. More...
Published: Sun Oct 15 13:31:07 EDT 2000

Bandaranaike: The politician and the woman
Times of India, October 14. In Assignment Colombo (Konark Publishers Pvt Ltd), former Foreign Secretary J N Dixit recalls his meetings with Sirimavo Bandaranaike when he was India's High Commissioner to Sri Lanka from 1985 to 1989. When he arrived in Colombo, she was in political exile, debarred from taking part in elections. But Dixit says he kept her in touch about India's efforts to broker peace in the island. In these meetings, she criticised President J R Jayewardene, wished Indira Gandhi was alive and in power, and overwhelmed Dixit with her hospitality. More...
Published: Sat Oct 14 21:10:19 EDT 2000

JVP leader to return from self-exile
The Hindu NUS, 16.00 hrs (IST) on October 15, 2000. Colombo, Oct. 15. (PTI): Self-exiled leader of ultra left wing Janatha Vimukthi Perumuna (JVP), Somawansa Amarasinghe, would return to the island nation when his party, which won 10 seats in the just-concluded elections, nominates him to head the party in the new Parliament. Amarasinghe, who fled the country during the crackdown against JVP following its armed insurrection against the government between 1988-90, would shortly return to lead the party, its general secretary told local media. More...
Published: Sun Oct 15 08:33:38 EDT 2000

Tearful farewell to Sri Lanka's 'mother'
BBC South Asia, Saturday, 14 October, 2000, 14:23 GMT 15:23 U. Thousands of Sri Lankans bid a tearful farewell to Sirimavo Bandaranaike, the world's first woman prime minister, at a state funeral on Saturday.Mrs Bandaranaike, 84, fell ill and died shortly after casting her vote in Sri Lanka's general election on Tuesday.The funeral brought the war-torn island to a virtual standstill as Sri Lankans watched the final farewell to "the mother of the nation" on television. More...
Published: Sat Oct 14 12:26:19 EDT 2000
Related News Stories
Funeral of Sirimavo Bandaranaike, first woman prime minister  - MSNBC
Funeral of Sirimavo Bandaranaike, first woman prime minister  - MSNBC
World's first female prime minister given state funeral in Sri Lanka  - MSNBC
Sri Lanka Bids Farewell to World's First Woman PM  - ABC News
Sri Lanka Bids Farewell to World's First Woman PM  - ABC News
Sri Lanka buries Bandaranaike  - BBC South Asia
Security tight as Sri Lanka buries Bandaranaike  -
State funeral for Sri Lanka's 'mother'  - BBC South Asia
Security tight as Sri Lanka buries Bandaranaike  -

SLMC gets bargain, internecine clash in east
TamilNet, October 14. The Police announced and unofficial curfew in the Muslim town of Oddamavadi,35 kilometres north of Batticaloa, from 8 p.m. Saturday and called in the army to keep the peace following a rampage by supporters of National Unity Alliance (NUA) MP, Mohideen Abdul Carder, against persons who had worked for Mr.M.L.A.M Hisbullah, former Deputy Minister for Posts and a senior leader of the SLMC. (NUA is the multi-ethnic front of the Sri Lanka Muslim Congress) Meanwhile, in Colombo, the 'co-leader' of the SLMC, Rauf Hakeem, said that his party will have two cabinet portfolios and four deputy ministries in the new government. More...
Published: Sat Oct 14 13:29:16 EDT 2000

King-maker party in crisis after ultimatum to Sri Lanka coalition, Oct 15 2000 12:09 IST. COLOMBO, Oct 15 (AFP) - Sri Lanka's main Muslim party which set a 100-day deadline for President Chandrika Kumaratunga to adopt a controversial statute, was heading for an internal crisis, political sources said Sunday. The Sri Lanka Muslim Congress (SLMC) had pledged conditional support to form a coalition government after Tuesday's elections pointed to a hung parliament, but the rank and file was split over the move, the sources said. More...
Published: Sun Oct 15 08:32:06 EDT 2000
Related News Stories
New Sri Lankan coalition under threat as ally faces mutiny  -
PA ally sets deadline for new Constitution  - The Hindu

Krishan Kant meets Chandrika
The Hindu, Sunday, October 15, 2000. COLOMBO, OCT. 14. The Vice-President of India, Mr. Krishan Kant, who led a 15-member delegation to the funeral of late Srimavo Bandarnaike, later met and held discussions with the Sri Lankan President, Mrs. Chandrika Kumaratunga. The discussions, lasting over half-an-hour, revolved around bilateral ties, a statement from the Indian High Commission here said. More...
Published: Sat Oct 14 16:31:57 EDT 2000

Muslim party gives conditional support to Kumaratunga
India Abroad, Oct 14, 2000 21:20 Hrs (IST) . Colombo: Sri Lanka's main Muslim party said it has extended conditional support to help President Chandrika Kumaratunga's party to form a government, giving it a little more than three months to push through a controversial political reform package. The SLMC has demanded the setting up of independent commissions for elections, the police, the public service and the judiciary as provided for in Kumaratunga's proposed constitution which also contains a radical power-sharing plan for the minorities."I told the president she must bring in the independent commissions within a hundred days. I could boast of being a king-maker but I want to play this historical role in a positive way," Hakeem told reporters. More...
Published: Sat Oct 14 13:24:38 EDT 2000
Related News Stories
Key coalition partner sets 100-day deadline for new Sri Lanka constitution  - Times of India (Breaking News)
Key Muslim ally sets deadline for Sri Lanka coalition  -
S.Lanka govt ally gives 100-day deadline for reforms  - ABC News

List of New MP's
SriLankanElection Website, October 14. The list of New Members of Parliment excluding the National List. More...
Published: Sat Oct 14 14:09:59 EDT 2000

The Captain and the sunken ship - A Feature Article
Island, October 15. The narrowness of the People’s Alliance victory was no solace to the United National Party supporters who enthusiastically held that the grand old party would win in spite of Ranil Wickremesinghe. They now lament that if not for Wickremesinghe, victory would have been assured.These are ethereal conclusions while searching for a reason for the loss. But an earthly reason can be found for the narrow PA win - the personality and character of the party leader. A few more people preferred Chandrika Bandaranaike Kumaratunga rather than Ranil Wickremesinghe to lead the country at this moment of time. More...
Published: Sat Oct 14 23:03:06 EDT 2000

Business leaders pushing hard for national government
SriLanka Elections website, October 14. The business community is pushing hard for a “government of national unity and reconstruction,’’ urging the leaders of the PA and the UNP who together received 85% of the votes to immediately begin bilateral talks towards this objective. This appeal was made by the joint business forum comprising members of the chambers of commerce and industry, employers organisations and trade associations.“The need of the hour is for all political leaders to demonstrate statesmanship and forget all political party differences, individual gains and losses, winners and losers, adversarial events of the past and the period which led to the election and any issues arising from the conduct of the election,’’ a statement from the forum said. More...
Published: Sat Oct 14 14:13:08 EDT 2000

Living with the ebb and flow of war
BBC, October 14. The monsoon weather has closed in again and we are delayed. So are flights to other airfields in the region where the military are fighting what is generally regarded as the world's deadliest guerrilla movement and I watch the silent, expressionless, soldiers who are also waiting to fly. There has been a sharp increase in casualties in the last few months since the Tigers launched a fresh offensive to recapture the Jaffna Peninsula and government forces tried to push them back. More...
Published: Sat Oct 14 12:51:54 EDT 2000

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