The Lanka Academic

VOL. 1, NO. 204

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Ask Karu! session has ended. Answers to your questions to Dr. Karunasena Kodituwakku, the spokesperson of the United National Party, are here.
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The Lanka Academic carried an online "Question and Answer" sessions with the High Commissioner of Sri Lanka to the United Kingdom, His Excellency Mr. Mangala Moonesinghe from September 1, 2000 through September 24, 2000. You can view the questions from visitors like you and the answers by Mr. Moonesinghe here.
The Constitution of the Republic of Sri Lanka
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(The proposed new constitution)
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Where is MIR today?
Bandula Jayasekera, in Colombo. She has done so much for the country's arts, culture, environment, and its society. She was a member of the Environmental Authority and continues to run the organisation 'Rukrekaganno' from her house. That too because she was asked to vacate the premises the organisation occupied earlier. Once Gamani Fonseka said of her "With her talent she could have won many Oscars if she had been born in America." President Chandrika calls her affectionately 'Chandi Nanda' and Ranil Wickremasinghe is her close relation too. She is the inimitable Irangani Serasinghe. More...

A tribute to a BBC correspondent killed in Jaffna, Sri Lanka.
S. L. Gunasekera. On Thursday the 12th instant while a Central Committee Meeting was in progress we received information that a seat on the National List had been allotted to Sihala Urumaya. No sooner this unexpected news was confirmed Prof C M Madduma Bandara (a Deputy President) suggested that I be nominated to Parliament. There were objections to a decision on this matter being taken by two committee members, Messrs Kamal Deshapriya and Sujith Akkaraiwatta who said that the decision should be taken only after considering the preferences polled and ascertaining the views of the Maha Sangha and other supporters. Mr Thilak Karunaratne our General Secretary then pointed out that preferences were not a relevant consideration in making an appointment to a seat on the National List. More...
US State Department. Colombo, 4 August 2000 - The U.S. State Department announced on July 31 that the mail-in period for the next U.S. Diversity Immigrant Visa Lottery Program (DV-2002) will run from noon, October 2, through noon, November 1, 2000. There is no application fee and no special application form is required. The application with the necessary information can simply be typed on a blank sheet of paper. More...
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T  O  P      H  E  A  D  L  I  N  E
Ratwatte back as Deputy Defence Minister
The Island, October 27. Minister of Power and Energy, Gen. Anuruddha Ratwatte was yesterday sworn in as Deputy Defence Minister before President Chandrika Kumaratunga. Gen. Ratwatte held the same deputy post in the earlier PA government. The General speaking to ‘The Island’ after assuming office as Deputy Defence Minister said operations would continue and there will be no ceasefire. More...
Published: Thu Oct 26 20:14:22 EDT 2000

No Connection Fee! Calls to Sri Lanka, only 39c/m!
O  T  H  E  R      H  E  A  D  L  I  N  E  S
Massacre suspects freed after protest
BBC, October 26. Police in Sri Lanka have released 200 people who were detained over an attack on an open prison on Wednesday which killed 26. The police say they were freed to prevent further communal violence, after hundreds of Sinhalese villagers surrounded the police station where the suspects were being held.Joseph Pararajasingham, an MP from the moderate Tamil United Liberation Front, told the BBC that posters inciting violence had appeared in Bandarawela ahead of the attack. More...
Published: Thu Oct 26 20:10:19 EDT 2000
Related News Stories
Mass arrests, funerals after Sri Lanka prison slaughter  -
About 300 detained in Sri Lankan child rebel slaughter  - NandoTimes
24 Tamil detainees killed in riot  - India Abroad
Condemnation mounts over Lankan prison slaughter  -
Sri Lanka investigation of prison attack  - BBC South Asia
Condemnation mounts over prison slaughter  -
Sri Lanka police hold more than 200 after prison slaughter  -
Mass arrests after 25 killed in Sri Lanka prison slaughter  -
Sri Lankan mob kills 25 former child soldiers  - MSNBC
Probe ordered into Lanka camp attack, toll rises to 24  -
Tamil inmates butchered in Sri Lanka open prison, toll 25  -
Mobs kills Tamil inmates in Sri Lanka prison attack, toll 25  - Yahoo Asia
-Sri Lanka: Center for Ex-Child Soldiers Stormed,11 Dead  - Yahoo Asia

Mystery surrounds Sri Lanka detention camp carnage
MSNBC, OCTOBER 26. The massacre of former Tamil rebels including child soldiers at a Sri Lankan rehabilitation camp was shrouded in secrecy on Thursday as the government tried to contain a major propaganda disaster. The military sealed off the Bindunuwewa camp and threw a news blackout over the whole incident after 26 inmates including at least two child soldiers were hacked and burned to death by a machete-wielding mob on Wednesday. ''This is a major setback for us. Everyone knew how much the army was interested in the success of Bindunuwewa,'' Army Commander General Lionel Balagalle told Reuters. More...
Published: Thu Oct 26 16:27:13 EDT 2000
Related News Stories
Govt. officials involved in massacre -TULF  - TamilNet
Sri Lanka says ''outsiders'' triggered mob attack  - MSNBC

Sri Lanka Says 'Outsiders' Triggered Mob Attack
Yahoo, 27 October 2000. he Sri Lankan government, faced with a major propaganda disaster after a mob massacred 26 inmates at a detention camp for former Tamil rebels and child soldiers, Thursday accused outsiders of instigating the attack.``It is clear from the information now received by the authorities that provocation from external forces had led to this situation,''President Chandrika Kumaratunga, who has ordered an investigation into Wednesday's slaughter, said in a statement.`This is a major setback. We are certain that interested parties were behind the incident,'' Army Commander Lieutenant General Lionel Balagalle told Reuters. He said ``certain outsiders'' had visited the camp over the past three weeks and had been trying to stir unrest. He declined to give details, but said five of the camp's inmates were unaccounted for.Kumaratunga said in her statement there had been no tension between the inmates and the camp's authorities.``Humanitarian organizations....have commended this (Bindunuwewa) effort as a model project,'' President Kumarathunge said.The camp, used as a detention center to reform guerrillas and child soldiers, was run by the National Youth Services Council and was also under the purview of the Presidential Task Force.he International Committee of the Red Cross said it was deeply distressed by the carnage. More...
Published: Thu Oct 26 19:03:53 EDT 2000

Inadequacy of laws to counter brazen robbery Biopiracy of our endemic fauna and flora well entrenched
Island, October 27. Investigations into a racket that was uncovered by the Custom’s Biodiversity Protection Unit in 1998, involving the University of Sri Jayawardenapura, the Cornell University of USA, a company named Island Services and an NGO called Indigenous Medicine Foundation have been shelved for sometime due to the lack of laws to proceed with the investigations and to bring the culprits to book. More...
Published: Thu Oct 26 20:32:49 EDT 2000

Slain terrorist honoured at event at school
NationalPost, October 25. A martyred terrorist was honoured at an area high school this month, raising new concerns taxpayer-funded Canadian schools are being used to stage events that glorify violence.A notorious member of the Tamil Tigers known as 2nd Lieutenant Malathi was "commemorated" on Oct. 14 at Glenforest Secondary School.Malathi was killed in a shootout with Indian peacekeepers in the 1980s. More...
Published: Thu Oct 26 20:42:07 EDT 2000

LAcNet Election Center, OCTOBER. The complete lack of concern that these most egregious electoral violations and blatant rigging were being observed and reported by local and international monitors raises serious questions about accountability. Yet it begs the question, if the politicians are not beholden to the people, then to whom indeed are their thugs beholden? The consequences of arming and training groups of people who increasingly appear to be obligated to nothing and no one could well make these politicians obsolete. There is no absolute monopoly on power in Sri Lanka, and politicians may ultimately be arming their "supporters" at their own peril. In spite of problems similar to those in Pathadumbara with the polls throughout the Central Province and in the North and East, and the declaration by the elections commissioner that the elections were not free and fair, the results have been allowed to stand. The same people who waged a campaign based on fear and intimidation retain power, and have been rewarded with handsome ministerial portfolios. This is the tragedy of Sri Lanka: More...
Published: Thu Oct 26 10:19:04 EDT 2000

INTERVIEW-Sri Lanka to stay at war with Tigers if peace fails
ABC News, 10/26/2000 02:48:00 ET. BANGKOK, Oct 26 (Reuters) - Sri Lanka is determined to seek a solution to its conflict with the separatist Tamil Tigers but sees no alternative to war unless the rebels change their stance on peace talks, Foreign Minister Lakshman Kadirgamar said. "They have no interest in peace talks," Kadirgamar told Reuters in Bangkok. More...
Published: Thu Oct 26 07:32:39 EDT 2000

Villagers attack suspected Tiger rebels at Bandarawela
Frederica Jansz in Colombo, 12.10 p.m. SLT Wednesday October 24. Twelve LTTE suspects in the Rehabilitation Center at Bandarawela died this morning when they were attacked by angry villagers. More than 20 others were wounded in the bizarre incident which took place after a prison official was allegedly forcefully detained by the prisoners last night. It is learnt that three of the suspected Tiger rebels died after admission to the Bandarawela hospital while nine were killed on the spot at the centre. The Rehabilitation camp meanwhile was also set on fire by the unruly crowd.

Bandarawela police say that the wounded have been admitted to the hospitals at Bandarawela and Diyatalawela. The army are reported to have moved in to provide security to the two hospitals in order to prevent further attacks on the wounded.
Published: Wed Oct 25 03:16:25 EDT 2000

Related News Stories
06 killed and 35 injured after villagers attack detention centre for LTTE carders  - Waruna Karunatilake in Colombo
Ten LTTE surrendered militants killed in attack  - The Hindustan Times
At least six ex-rebels die in rehab camp attack  - MSNBC
New Sri Lanka attack  - BBC South Asia
Prison clash kills eight in Sri Lanka  - Yahoo Asia
Prison riot kills eight in Sri Lanka  -
Sri Lanka prison attack  - BBC South Asia

Sri Lanka rebel camp attacked
BBC South Asia, Wednesday, 25 October, 2000, 09:57 GMT 10:57 . A riot at an open prison in Sri Lanka has left at least 25 people dead, many of them suspected Tamil Tiger rebels.A mob armed with knives and stones stormed the camp and set fire to it, after reports that about 40 inmates had tried to take over the facility. At least 24 inmates and one of the attackers was killed in the clash and many more are said to be seriously wounded. President Chandrika Kumaratunga has condemned the violence and sent two teams of investigators to the scene of the killings. More...
Published: Wed Oct 25 08:31:35 EDT 2000
Related News Stories
8 Tamil inmates beaten to death in Lanka  - India Abroad
Sri Lanka villagers kill 10 ex-rebels in rehab camp  - MSNBC
Mobs slaughter Tamil inmates in Sri Lanka prison attack, toll 25  -

Sri Lanka Govt Likely To Delay 2001 Draft Budget-Report
Yahoo Asia, Thursday, October 26 12:11 PM SGT . The Daily Mirror's Thursday edition reported that the government was likely to present a vote on account to cover the first quarter to Mar. 31, 2001. A vote on account is bill allowing the government to cover revenue and expenditure measures for a temporary period. The report said the delay was prompted by differences among members in the People's Alliance on the appointment of deputy ministers. More...
Published: Thu Oct 26 06:12:10 EDT 2000

LTTE slanders and attempts to intimidate Island Cor. Dushy Ranetunga in UK
The Island, October 26. The LTTE has launched a campaign of slander and attempted intimidation against the London based correspondent of The Island Dushy Ranetunga following exposures of covert LTTE activites and its fronts worldwide. The attack on our correspodent has been launched through the pro- LTTE Canadian Tamil language newspaper Thamilar Senthumarai.An English translation of the article states " International supporters of the LTTmost of who live as refugees in western countries and carry on the fight for a Tamilhomeland, are today faced with death threats to their lives. These threats come from an organisation called the "8th Regiment of the Northern Lions". More...
Published: Wed Oct 25 19:05:13 EDT 2000

UNP scouts for support
Frederica Jansz in Colombo, 11.05 a.m. SLT Wednesday October 25. The main United National Party began talks yesterday with other opposition political parties in a bid to secure support to pressurize the government in implementing conditions put forward by the main opposition party.

The UNP yesterday issued a 69 day deadline which ends on December 31, demanding that the government during this time ensure that an independent judiciary, police commission, elections commission and public service commission is created.

Karu Jayasuriya, Deputy Leader for the UNP said yesterday that the party is forging ahead with a clear cut goal that will ensure good and clean governance.

The Tamil United Liberation Front (TULF) meanwhile yesterday issued a statement condemning the working arrangement the PA and UNP have reached. The TULF maintains that the urgent need was to call for an immediate ceasefire and find a solution to the ethnic problem.

An excerpt from the statement reads " that while we acknowledge the importance of the measures referred to above in a democratic setup, yet the paramount question that needs immediate resolution is the stoppage of the war forthwith and all parties combining to find a just and fair solution to the problem that had affected the Sri Lankan Tamils so miserably so long."
Published: Wed Oct 25 03:16:24 EDT 2000

Sri Lanka Shrs Open Flat; Investors Stay On Sidelines
Yahoo Asia, Thursday, October 26 12:23 PM SGT . A Hindu festival Thursday has also kept some market players away, they said. At 0414 GMT (12:14 a.m. EDT), the All Share Index was down 0.1 point at 504.8 points, according to brokers. More...
Published: Thu Oct 26 06:13:10 EDT 2000

Sri Lanka Rupee Ends Flat; Low Dlr Demand, High Call Mkt
Yahoo Asia, Wednesday, October 25 6:56 PM SGT . The prevailing high call rate also tied down the dollar, they said. By 1027 GMT, the dollar was quoted LKR79.42, unchanged from Tuesday. More...
Published: Thu Oct 26 06:10:58 EDT 2000

Truce in Sri Lanka for anti-polio campaign
ABC News, 10/25/2000 07:09:00 ET. COLOMBO, Oct 25 (Reuters) - Sri Lanka"s government and Tamil Tiger rebels have agreed to two temporary ceasefires to allow children in the war zone to be vaccinated against polio, the United Nations Children"s Fund UNICEF said on Wednesday. "Both government forces and the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) have agreed to observe "days of tranquillity" on October 27-28 and December 1-2 to allow the immunisation of children under five years old against polio," UNICEF said in a statement. More...
Published: Wed Oct 25 08:53:41 EDT 2000

Sri Lanka crush Zimbabwe
Times of India (Breaking News), 26 October 2000. SHARJAH: Sri Lanka scored an easy 123-run win over Zimbabwe in the second phase league tie in the Coca Cola tri-nation one-day cricket series on Wednesday. Zimbabwe collapsed to 153 all out in 48.3 overs. Chaminda Vaas and Nuwan Zoysa bowled with venom and started made life difficult for the Zimbabweans by claiming two wickets apiece in their first spells. Earlier in the day, skipper Sanath Jayasuriya struck a blazing 87 off barely 66 balls and set up an opening stand of 110 runs with Romesh Kaluwitharana as Sri Lanka set a target of 277runs for Zimbabwe. More...
Published: Wed Oct 25 18:58:11 EDT 2000
Related News Stories
Sri Lanka continue winning streak  - BBC South Asia
Cricket: Sri Lanka defeat Zimbabwe by 123 runs  - NDTV/MSNBC
Sri Lanka compile 276 for 9  - The Hindu NUS
Jayasuriya sparkles for Lanka  - The Hindu NUS

Journalists protest colleague's slaying
TamilNet, October 25. Over six hundred Sri Lankan journalists protested Wednesday against the brutal slaying of Jaffna based reporter Mylvaganam Nimalarajan allegedly by pro-government militiamen. The picket, conducted by the Free Media Movement, Sri Lanka Tamil Media Alliance and other media institutions in Colombo took place opposite Fort Railway Station for about one and a half hours commencing from 12 noon. Meanwhile, other correspondents say they have been threatened in the wake of the killing. More...
Published: Wed Oct 25 12:52:35 EDT 2000
Related News Stories
FMM to hold a picket in Colombo  - Frederica Jansz in Colombo

15 LTTE rebels killed in search operation
The Hindu NUS, 16.00 hrs (IST) on October 25, 2000. Colombo, Oct. 25. (DPA): At least 15 Tamil rebels were killed by security forces in a search operation carried out in the northeastern part of Sri Lanka, where rebels carried out a suicide attack destroying two naval craft and later shot down a helicopter, military officials said today. More...
Published: Wed Oct 25 08:33:03 EDT 2000

ICRC move into help displaced in China Bay
Bandula Jayasekara in Colombo, SLT 12.00 p.m October 25. The International Committee of Red Cross in Sri Lanka has moved into China Bay to assist over one thousand people displaced during the fighting between the security forces and the LTTE on Monday.

The displaced belong to all three communities.The Sinhalese have taken refuge at the Sinhala Vidyalaya in China Bay while the Tamil and Muslim families have moved to the Muslim Maha Vidyalam in China Bay.

ICRC spokesman in Sri Lanka Harasha Gunewardane said " Our staff in Trincomalee have already distributed mats,plastic roofing sheets and other items to the displaced persons in the area. ICRC mobile health unit also visited schools and conducted clinics for the displaced. We also monitoring the humanitarian situation closely" ICRC has been actively involved in Tricomallee district since 1990.
Published: Wed Oct 25 02:32:01 EDT 2000

Related News Stories
More than 1,250 refugees after Sri Lankan base attack  -

Lanka's record cabinet a huge burden for taxpayers
Yahoo, October 25. Sri Lanka's record number of cabinet ministers and their deputies will cost taxpayers a whopping amount in emoluments, provoking a storm as the protracted ethnic war also takes a heavy economic toll.The 44 ministers who were sworn in last week and their junior ministers who are yet to be named are in line for paychecks that are relatively small. But they will also be entitled to free housing in exclusive neighborhoods, unlimited fuel, entertainment allowances, office staff, free telephones, computers and stationery and loans at special, low rates of interest. More...
Published: Wed Oct 25 08:37:12 EDT 2000

IMF Happy With Sri Lanka Steps To Limit Pressure On Rupee
Yahoo Asia, Wednesday, October 25 4:04 PM SGT . The International Monetary Fund said Wednesday it is satisfied with the Sri Lanka central bank's measures to contain pressure on the country's exchange rate. "So far the measures that have been taken seem to be working," said Nadeem Ul Haque, senior resident representative of the IMF in Colombo, in a telephone interview with Dow Jones Newswires. More...
Published: Wed Oct 25 08:52:50 EDT 2000
Related News Stories
Sri Lanka Shares Open Slightly Dn On Locals Selling  - Yahoo Asia
Sri Lanka Bonds -2:Yields Surge On Higher Govt Borrowing  - Yahoo Asia
IMF Urges New Sri Lanka Govt To Put Econ Plan On Track  - Yahoo Asia

Sri Lanka Private Sector Urges New Steps To Boost Growth
Yahoo Asia, Tuesday, October 24 2:27 PM SGT . Sri Lanka's business organizations have urged the new coalition government to adopt several recommendations in the fiscal 2001 budget in a bid to boost private-sector growth, according to a proposal Tuesday.The recommendations were made in the proposal presented to President Chandrika Kumaratunga by major trade and business organizations over the weekend. Sri Lanka's budget proposals are usually presented in Parliament in November. However, no dates have been made public yet by Kumaratunga's coalition government, which announced its ministerial Cabinet last week. The report called on the government to revamp labor laws and review labor policies to allow for greater flexibility for employers. Current laws makes it difficult for employers to fire employees. More...
Published: Wed Oct 25 02:36:27 EDT 2000

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