The Lanka Academic

VOL. 1, NO. 212

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November 3, 2000, Colombo. Those interested in watching live coverage of the returns from the American presidential elections are welcome to the American Center at 44 Galle Road, Colombo 3, Sri Lanka, from 7:00 a.m. on 8 November. In addition to the results from the Presidential race the Center will also be screening videotapes of the recently televised presidential debates, the conventions, and other election issues such as The Women's Vote, Campaign Finance, The Election Process and Political Volunteers. A poster display, a book exhibit and brief presentations on the Electoral College and other topics will be added attractions. The event will continue until a winner is declared.
Ask Karu! session has ended. Answers to your questions to Dr. Karunasena Kodituwakku, the spokesperson of the United National Party, are here.
· Overview of Results
· LAcNet Election Center
The Lanka Academic carried an online "Question and Answer" sessions with the High Commissioner of Sri Lanka to the United Kingdom, His Excellency Mr. Mangala Moonesinghe from September 1, 2000 through September 24, 2000. You can view the questions from visitors like you and the answers by Mr. Moonesinghe here.
The Constitution of the Republic of Sri Lanka
[PDF Version]

(The proposed new constitution)
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Where is MIR today?
Bandula Jayasekera in Colombo. I was at Ranavirusevana in Ragama, house of Sri Lanka's disabled soldiers. A young Spanish dancer was performing for them. She danced among the soldiers trying to cheer them up. But, most of them were unmoved. Seated next to me on a wheel chair was a soldier in his regulation-striped sarong and short sleeved shirt. He looked blank. He was that Unknown Soldier until he started to speak. Jayatissa is 28 years old. He hailed from a traditional family in Embilipitiya, third of five boys and girls. More...
Bandula Jayasekera in Colombo. Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam too have commenced a recruitment drive after the army launched their Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam carry out their recruitment drive. At present both the army and the LTTE are facing a severe man power shortage to continue with the war. Sri Lankan army is trying to reach out to the youth with a mass scale publicity campaign in the national media. It is interesting to find out how the LTTE is carrying out their recruitment drive. More...
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No free ground water for Sri Lankans anymore!
Bandula Jayasekara in Colombo, SLT 9.00 a.m October 4. Sri Lankans will not be able to use natural water resources such as rivers, home wells, tube wells, ponds and other ground water resources in the future freely. According to a government proposal they will be required to pay for the water they use in the future. Those who disregard this provision are liable to be hauled before court and punished.

The new proposal will allow the registration of natural ground water resources and an inventory of good water resources will be made available to the public.

The organization for the protection of public rights of natural water has already launched a protest against the governments proposals. It is important to see if the government will give into the protests of the heavily burdened Sri Lankan public. The protests have not reached any great heights as the public awareness regarding the proposal is still inadequate.
Published: Fri Nov 3 22:20:24 EST 2000

No Connection Fee! Calls to Sri Lanka, only 39c/m!
O  T  H  E  R      H  E  A  D  L  I  N  E  S
I was informed about Solheim's visit in advance- Ranil Wickremasinghe
Bandula Jayasekara in Colombo, SLT 9. 15 p.m November 3. UNP leader and opposition leader Ranil Wickremasinghe said today that he was informed about the Norwegian special envoy Eric Solheim's visit to the Wanni to meet LTTE leader Vellupillai Prabhakaran well in advance but, he did not want to leak the information and upset the peace process.

Wickremasinghe said " Solheim was to visit Wanni before the elections but postponed it until after the election. Our party believe in a political solution to the ethnic problem and we will not do any thing to upset the process"

He added that the UNP will support the process despite the government castigating his party as being supportive of the LTTE.
Published: Fri Nov 3 10:23:05 EST 2000

Related News Stories
Lanka non-committal over envoy's meeting with Tiger chief  - India Abroad
Analysis: Sri Lanka's search for peace  - BBC South Asia

JVP demands an end to Norway's involvement in peace talks
Waruna Karunatilake in Colombo, 1923 SLT 03.10.00. The JVP has demanded from the government that it ends Norway's involvement in eace talks with the LTTE. A media release by the Politburo of the the JVP said Norway would only further complicate the ethnic problem.
Published: Fri Nov 3 08:22:40 EST 2000

President appoints 35 Deputy Ministers to 29 ministries
Waruna Karunatilake in Colombo, 19.14 SLT 03.10.00. President Kumaratunga appointed 35 members of parliament as deputy ministers to 29 ministries today. However She did not appoint a deputy minister of defense or finance. Government sources said that the President wanted to make S.B. Dissanayake the deputy minister of local finance and G.L. Peiris the deputy minister of foreign finance. Mr.Peiris reportedly turn down the deputy ministry. President Kumaratunga appointed a 44 member cabinet, the biggest ever, after inconclusive general elections forced her to form a coalition government.
Published: Fri Nov 3 08:22:40 EST 2000
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Sri Lanka names deputy ministers sans key portfolios  - ABC News
Sri Lanka names 35 junior ministers  -

Prabhakaran Ready for Unconditional Talks- Solheim
Saroj Pathirana in London, Thursday 02 November 1710 GMT. LTTE Leader Prabhakaran offered "Unconditional" talks with the Sri Lankan government, Norwegian peace envoy, Eric Solheim said today. Mr. Solheim who met LTTE Leader in Malawi yesterday told correspondents "We believe that the LTTE are serious and interested in solving the problem through negotiations"

Oslo has been invited by both the Sri Lankan government and the LTTE to open peace talks, he said. As Amal Jayasinghe of AFP pointed out in BBC’s "Sandeshaya", although Solheim was reluctant to give details of the discussions, he was optimistic that Norway could bring about a long lasting solution to Sri Lanka’s eighteen year civil war.
Published: Thu Nov 2 12:15:05 EST 2000

Related News Stories
Moscow condemns Tamil Tiger hijacking on Russian boat  -
Sri Lanka peace mission continues  - BBC South Asia
Sri Lanka Marxists slam Oslo peace bid  -
Conflicting signs over new Sri Lankan peace talks  -

Sri Lanka May Agree To Ceasefire, But No Troop Withdrawal
Yahoo Asia, Friday, November 3 6:15 PM SGT . Sri Lanka may agree to a cease-fire to facilitate talks with Tamil Tiger rebels, but will not withdraw its 40,000 troops from the north as the guerrillas demanded, a senior government official and the military said Friday."Secession of hostilities will be fine with us, but we do not want our troops to move back and vacate the areas," defense ministry spokesman Sanath Karunaratne said. More...
Published: Fri Nov 3 22:09:53 EST 2000
Related News Stories
Hopes of early peace talks in Sri Lanka  - The Hindu (International)

Conflicting signs over new Lankan peace talks, Friday,November 3,2000. COLOMBO: There were conflicting signs Friday about the chances of new peace talks to end the two-decade Tamil Tiger conflict which has claimed 60,000 lives amid a bid by Norway to bring the sides together. The Norwegian Special envoy to Sri Lanka, Erik Solheim, announced Thursday that the separatist Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) were serious about opening negotiations without preconditions. More...
Published: Fri Nov 3 06:52:56 EST 2000

Amnesty for impartial inquiry into Lankan massacre
India Abroad, Nov 03, 2000 23:10 Hrs (IST) . Washington: Amnesty International has called for a "full and impartial inquiry" into the mob killing of least 26 former Tamil rebels at a rehabilitation camp in central Sri Lanka. On October 25, nearly 3,000 Sinhalese villagers stormed the rehabilitation center in Bandarawela, 170 km east of the capital Colombo, and killed the former Rebels. The LTTE has accused police and soldiers of organizing the mob attack. Amnesty, in a letter to Sri Lankan President Chandrika Bandaranaike Kumaratunga urged "a thorough review of the detention regime affecting people held under the Prevention of Terrorism Act (PTA) and emergency regulations (ERs) to prevent the recurrence of such incidents." More...
Published: Fri Nov 3 22:11:09 EST 2000

Return of English in Lanka schools
Times of India, 4 November . When a major Sri Lankan political party split in mid-October, this was blamed on a conflict between the English-speaking `elite', which held the top spots in the organisation and its local language-speaking cadre.Unlike its South Asian neighbours, for most of the half century since independence from colonial British rule, Sri Lanka has officially frowned on the language of its former rulers. As a result, only Sri Lankans educated in expensive schools, are skilled in the use of English. More...
Published: Fri Nov 3 22:07:50 EST 2000

Sri Lankan Naval Chief to visit India
The Hindu NUS, 18.00 hrs (IST) on November 3, 2000. New Delhi, Nov. 3 (PTI): Sri Lankan Naval Chief Vice-Admiral Cecil Tissera arrives here on November 5 on a four-day visit to take up the issue of combating gun-running in the high seas in the Bay of Bengal. Heading a high-power naval delegation, Admiral Tissera will hold talks with his Indian counterpart Admiral Sushil Kumar and also meet Vice-Chief of the Army Staff, Lt Gen Vijay Oberoi and Vice- Chief of Air Staff, Air Marshal Vinod Patney. More...
Published: Fri Nov 3 10:41:24 EST 2000

Lanka minister seeks India's intervention to solve crisis
Times of India, 4 November . Sri Lankan minister for infrastructure and livestock development Arumugan Thondaman on Friday said only India's intervention could bring about a solution to the ethnic crisis in the Island nation. Thondaman, who arrived here en route to Singapore to attend the international confederation of Free Trade Union, told newsmen that he would meet Tamil Nadu chief minister M Karunanidhi on November 16 and impress upon him the important role the state could play in finding a solution to the crisis. More...
Published: Fri Nov 3 22:04:40 EST 2000
Related News Stories
Thondaman calls for Indian intervention  - The Hindu NUS

Navy destroys LTTE attack craft
Frederica Jansz in Colombo, 11.10 a.m. SLT Thursday November 2. The Sri Lanka Navy yesterday destroyed four LTTE attack craft off the coast of northeast Mullaitivu at around 9.45 p.m. Naval guns had engaged the LTTE in heavy battle which lasted until the early hours of this morning, Thursday November 2.

Military spokesman, Brigadier Sanath Karunaratne said that one logistic craft belonging to the Tigers was engulfed with fire and presumed to be carrying fuel and lubricants. Three more were damaged beyond repair by Naval fire.

In the ensuing debacle the Tigers reportedly had no means of escape and had forcibly boarded a passing Russian merchant ship. The Russian tug vessel 'UTYOIS' had been proceeding to Colombo from Nagapathnam in India. Brigadier Karunaratne said that the Russians dropped off the rebels close to Tiger territory at Mullaitivu.

The Navy, Brigadier Karunaratne asserted held their fire during this encounter as they did not want to indiscriminately fire at the Russian vessel which was manned by a crew of 22 civilians.

After the LTTE had disembarked, the Navy had escorted the merchant ship up to Trincomalee harbour where it is being held for further investigation.
Published: Thu Nov 2 02:02:02 EST 2000

Related News Stories
S.Lanka says Tamil rebels commandeer Russian ship  - MSNBC
Sri Lankan Navy destroys seven LTTE boats  - The Hindu NUS
LTTE rebels seize Russian vessel  - BBC South Asia
Sri Lankan rebels hijack Russian vessel during major sea battle  -

Tamil Tigers 'serious about peace'
BBC South Asia, Thursday, 2 November, 2000, 17:46 GMT . A Norwegian peace envoy who has held a surprise meeting in Sri Lanka with the head of the Tamil Tigers has said he believes the group is serious about making peace. These talks are one step in a positive direction, but everyone understands there is still a long, long way to go to solve the conflict Peace envoy Erik Solheim Erik Solheim held two hours of talks with Tamil Tiger chief, Velupillai Prabhakaran, in what is being seen as a highly-significant development. Mr Prabhakaran has rarely if ever met outside intermediaries, and the meeting has raised hopes that efforts to try to end the long-running conflict are back on track. More...
Published: Thu Nov 2 19:05:51 EST 2000
Related News Stories
LTTE leader Prabhakaran meets Norwegian peace envoy Erik Solheim  - NDTV/MSNBC
Tamil Tigers serious about peace talks: Norwegian envoy  -

Tamil Tigers Seize Russian Vessel, Escape Sri Lanka Navy
Yahoo Asia, Thursday, November 2 5:25 PM SGT . Tamil Tiger rebels seized a Russian tug to escape the Sri Lankan navy after their boats were damaged during a sea battle, a senior navy officer said Thursday. Wednesday, the rebels got on to the Russian tug and forced the crew to take them close to Mullaitivu coast, a major rebel base on the northern coast or Sri Lanka. The guerrillas disembarked and escaped. The rebels didn't harm the crew. More...
Published: Thu Nov 2 10:36:06 EST 2000

Lanka unlikely to accept LTTE terms for talks
The Hindustan Times, Colombo November 2. SRI LANKAN government is unlikely to accept the LTTE leader V Prabhakaran's demand that the armed forces be withdrawn from the Tamil North East before peace talks start, political observers here feel. They also suspect that Prabhakaran is trying to achieve peacefully and with foreign assistance, what he could not achieve by force of arms and unilaterally, the recapture of Jaffna. But notwithstanding this gloomy prospect, Norway’s ‘shuttle diplomacy’ to get the peace process started is expected to continue because both the Sri Lankan government and the LTTE depend on the West for economic sustenance and arms, one way or another. According to a LTTE Press release, Prabhakaran had laid down this and other conditions at a meeting with the Norwegian Special Envoy/Facilitator Erik Solheim at Mallavi in the LTTE-held Wanni on Wednesday. More...
Published: Thu Nov 2 19:08:29 EST 2000

Chances of Sri Lanka, LTTE talks brighten
The Hindu NUS, 16.00 hrs (IST) on November 2, 2000. Colombo, Nov. 2. (PTI): Prospects of an early resumption of peace talks with the Sri Lankan Government and the LTTE have brightened following an unprecedented meeting between rebel leader Velupillai Prabhakaran and Norwegian peace envoy Eric Solhiem during which the Tiger chief laid conditions for commencing the dialogue. During two-hour parleys last night in the rebel-held northern Vanni region, the two leaders focused their discussion on resumption of the peace process which broke down in 1994, an LTTE release from London said. More...
Published: Thu Nov 2 07:05:07 EST 2000
Related News Stories
LTTE leader Prabhakaran offers to start peace talks  - NDTV/MSNBC

Lanka's police accused of "grave dereliction of duty"
India Abroad, November 3. Colombo: Sri Lanka's human rights watchdog Thursday blamed the police for not having prevented the brutal massacre of 26 Tamil detainees at an open prison camp by Sinhalese mobs. The Human Rights Commission (HRC) said the police had displayed a "grave dereliction of duty" in not bringing the mob of several hundreds of Sinhalese under control during the attack in the Central province town of Bandarawela on October 25. More...
Published: Fri Nov 3 06:50:17 EST 2000
Related News Stories
Police Blamed for Bindunuwewa Massacre  - Saroj Pathirana in London

Norwegian mediation raises Sri Lanka peace hopes, Nov 02 2000 10:19 IST. COLOMBO, Nov 2 (AFP) - Talks between elusive rebel supremo Velupillai Prabhakaran and a Norwegian envoy revived Sri Lanka's peace hopes but analysts said Thursday an end to separatist bloodshed remained a distant prospect. Norway's peace envoy to Sri Lanka, Erik Solheim, crossed battle lines to hold a two-hour meeting Wednesday with Prabhakaran, who leads the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) in a fight for an independent homeland. More...
Published: Thu Nov 2 03:12:42 EST 2000
Related News Stories
Sri Lanka peace hopes raised  - BBC South Asia
Norwegian bid raises Sri Lanka peace hopes, but markets unimpressed  -

TN: Vaiko's meeting with LTTE leader condemned
The Hindu NUS, 16.00 hrs (IST) on November 2, 2000. Chennai, Nov. 2. (PTI): Tamizhaga Rajiv Congress, a unit of the NDA, today said the MDMK general secretary Vaiko meeting LTTE leader Anton Balasingham recently in London while returning from the United Nations was `unpardonable' and `condemnable'. ``Meeting Balasingham belonging to a banned outfit at a time when Vaiko has represented India in the United Nations for which tax- payers had paid the money is unpardonable and condemnable,'' TRC president Vazhapadi K Ramamurthy told mediapersons here, adding that Vaiko was yet to deny reports about his meeting Balasingham. More...
Published: Thu Nov 2 07:05:50 EST 2000

Sri Lanka's de Silva says he was offered bribes to fix matches
Yahoo Asia, November 3. Sri Lanka's former vice captain, Aravinda de Silva, has said he was approached by bookmakers with offers to fix matches but has denied accepting bribes, officials here said Friday. De Silva, who was alleged to have accepted 15,000 dollars in 1994 to lose a test match in favour of India, flatly denied ever taking money, although he said he had been approached to fix matches, a cricket official said. More...
Published: Fri Nov 3 06:55:38 EST 2000
Related News Stories
Arjuna denies taking bribes to fix matches  - CDN

UK dumps infected cattle feed in Lanka
Island, Thursday, 2 November. Tens of thousands of tonnes of potentially BSE (mad cow) — infected cattle feed in the form of "meal and bonemeal" was dumped on Sri Lanka and several other countries, ‘The Hindu’ reported on Wednesday.The following is the full text of the report by ‘The Hindu’ correspondent in London."Not good enough for us? Give it to the Third World, they would love it". That seems to have been the line which dictated the British Government’s decision to dump vast quantities of cattle feed, suspected to be infected with mad cow (BSE) germs, on Third World countries after banning it for domestic use and export to European nations.It was found to be too dangerous to feed the cattle in the U.K. and of course Europe was the First World so it couldn’t be sent there. The only parts that could do with it were Asia, Africa and West Asia, and thus for eight years - from 1988 to 1996 - Britain continued to export the infected feed overriding expert opinion. More...
Published: Thu Nov 2 04:00:41 EST 2000

S.Lanka commission slams police in massacre probe
ABC News, 11/02/2000 10:56:00 ET. The report said evidence obtained so far on the massacre by a mob of majority Sinhalese at the Bindunuwewa rehabilitation camp in central Sri Lanka on October 25th was "consistent with a premeditated and planned attack." The report was based on interviews with the police and survivors. More...
Published: Thu Nov 2 11:31:49 EST 2000
Related News Stories
Curtailment of Press freedom: IPI puts Sri Lanka on Watch List  - Island

Sri Lankan police indicted for jail attack
The Hindu (International), Friday, November 03, 2000. COLOMBO, NOV. 2. Sri Lanka's Human Rights Commission (HRC) has said that the recent attack on an open prison in which 27 Tamil detainees were killed appeared to be ``premeditated and planned'' and held the police responsible for not preventing it. The HRC, which enquired into the incident, said in its interim report, a copy of which is with The Hindu, that the police was ``guilty of a grave dereliction of duty in not taking any effective action'' to prevent the attack. More...
Published: Thu Nov 2 16:06:23 EST 2000
Related News Stories
Rights panel blame police for Sri Lanka prison massacre  -

Tamil party wants foreign probe of S.Lanka massacre
ABC News, 11/02/2000 08:00:00 ET. COLOMBO, Nov 2 (Reuters) - Sri Lanka"s main minority Tamil party called on Thursday for international help in probing the massacre of Tamil inmates at a rehabilitation camp that plunged the country into its worst ethnic violence in 17 years. "... a credible criminal investigative process (needs) the very early involvement of neutral independent international investigators..." the Tamil United Liberation Front said in a letter to Justice Minister Batty Weerakoon. More...
Published: Thu Nov 2 08:48:58 EST 2000

BA drops Buddha advert
BBC South Asia, Thursday, 2 November, 2000, 13:54 GMT . British Airways has announced that it will no longer be using an advert that depicts the Buddha on a reclining seat. In a statement, the company said that it was sorry if the advert had caused any offence to its customers. The airline said the decision to drop the advert was made following a series of complaints. More...
Published: Thu Nov 2 09:24:20 EST 2000
Related News Stories
BA grounds flying Buddha adverts  -
Sir Arthur C. Clarke protests at use of Buddha images for advertisements  - CDN

Sri Lanka seeks India's help in match-fixing probe
Times of India (Breaking News), Thursday, 2 November. COLOMBO: Sri Lanka has asked India to help probe allegations that World Cup-winning skipper Arjuna Ranatunga and his deputy Aravinda de Silva were involved in match fixing, officials said on Thursday. Sri Lanka's Board of Control for Cricket (BCCSL) asked its Indian counterpart for copies of a report published on Wednesday by the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) that probed corruption in cricket. "The BCCSL requires to obtain immediately a copy of the 162-page report and relevant authenticated transcripts of evidence," said Sri Lanka's cricket chief Thilanga Sumathipala in a letter to Indian cricket chief A C Muthiah. More...
Published: Thu Nov 2 05:56:57 EST 2000
Related News Stories
BCCSL dismayed over match-fixing charges against Arjuna and Aravinda  - CDN

Chandrika accuses LTTE of spreading terror to upcountry areas too
Deccan Herald, COLOMBO, Nov 1 (UNI) . President Chandrika Kumaratunga has accused the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) of trying its utmost to spread the terror to the upcountry areas in Central Sri Lanka, saying the recent incidents in Bindunewewa detention camp and Nuwara Eliya are evidence of that. Appealing to the people to act with restraint, she asked the Tamil and Muslim communities not to be deceived by the acts of violence which are committed by groups acting in collaboration with the LTTE. More...
Published: Thu Nov 2 03:15:39 EST 2000

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