The Lanka Academic

VOL. 1, NO. 235

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Bandula Jayasekera in Colombo. I was at Ranavirusevana in Ragama, house of Sri Lanka's disabled soldiers. A young Spanish dancer was performing for them. She danced among the soldiers trying to cheer them up. But, most of them were unmoved. Seated next to me on a wheel chair was a soldier in his regulation-striped sarong and short sleeved shirt. He looked blank. He was that Unknown Soldier until he started to speak. Jayatissa is 28 years old. He hailed from a traditional family in Embilipitiya, third of five boys and girls. More...
Ranjita Misra, Ph.D., CHES., Ohio University. The health promotion era began in the mid 1980s with government policies focused on disease prevention and health promotion behaviors (Green and Ottoson, 1994). The national goal is to attain better health for the people through lifestyle changes that would decrease the prevalence of chronic disease and increase life expectancy. The Surgeon General has placed highest priority on strategies to eliminate destructive personal habits and to promote lifestyles conducive to health. Economic, medical, and social concerns are the reasons for the increased attention to health promotion and disease prevention activities. More...
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Prabhakaran marks birthday with prisoners release
TOI, 27 November 2000. Tamil Tiger rebel leader Velupillai Prabhakaran marked his 46th birthday Sunday by releasing 15 Tamil prisoners and declaring a two-day holiday in rebel-held areas, a clandestine rebel radio said. The prisoners, all Tamil civilians in rebel territory, had been arrested by "Tiger police" and sentenced by a rebel court for crimes ranging from robbery to murder, said the rebel Voice of Tigers radio, monitored in the northern town of Vavuniya, 130 miles north of Colombo. More...
Published: Sun Nov 26 22:18:50 EST 2000

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Rebels say 16,000 men killed in 17-year Sri Lanka war
ABC News, 11/25/2000 06:52:00 ET. COLOMBO, Sri Lanka (AP) _ Tamil Tiger rebels said Saturday that they have lost more than 16,000 men in their 17-year separatist war with government troops. The Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam made the announcement in a news broadcast over the Voice of Tigers radio, monitored in the northern town of Vavuniya, 130 miles north of Colombo. The LTTE have been fighting since 1983 for an independent Tamil homeland in north and east Sri Lanka. More than 63,000 people have been killed. More...
Published: Sat Nov 25 10:44:52 EST 2000
Related News Stories
Sri Lanka looks for peace clues as Tigers remember 16,000 war dead  -

10kg bomb detected in bus
Island, 27 November 2000. A TNT high powered bomb weighing 10 kilograms had been detected in a peoplised depot bus that was due to ply from Chilaw to Negombo on Saturday night, Chilaw police said.On an anonymous call received by the police on Saturday night around 7.05 p.m., instant action had been taken to unload the passengers in the bus and recover the bomb that had been left behind by a passenger.The Bomb Disposal Squad of the Army was called in and the bomb had been taken to the sea beach and detonated. The window panes of the rest house, police station and houses close to where the bomb had been exploded had been broken due to the force of the explosion. More...
Published: Sun Nov 26 22:06:44 EST 2000

TNCC(I) chief demands action
The Hindu (Southern States), Monday, November 27, 2000. TIRUCHI, NOV. 26. The TNCC(I) president, Mr. E.V.K.S. Elangovan, today demanded action against those responsible for pasting posters featuring the LTTE leader, Prabhakaran, the first accused in Rajiv murder case, in several places in Chennai. Failure to take punitive action against the offenders would lead to growth of terrorism and violence in the State, he added. More...
Published: Sun Nov 26 16:55:41 EST 2000

LTTE chief's speech eagerly awaited
The Hindu, Monday, November 27, 2000. COLOMBO, NOV. 26. The leader of one of the most-dreaded guerrilla groups in the world turned 46 today amid hopes in the country from which he wants to carve out a Tamil kingdom that age and other circumstances might have forced him into accepting the impossibility of his goal. Sri Lanka expects that Mr. Velupillai Prabhakaran will bare his intentions on Monday when he is scheduled to make his customary address on the occasion of the LTTE's ``Heroes' Day'', observed every year by the group on November 27 in memory of cadres killed in fighting. More...
Published: Sun Nov 26 16:53:47 EST 2000

India supports our struggle, says LTTE
HT, november 27. THE LEADER of the LTTE's political wing, S P Thamilchelvam, has said that India supports the freedom struggle of the Tamils of Sri Lanka. "India, by virtue of its position in South Asia, we believe, extends its moral support to the freedom struggle of the Tamil people to ensure peace with dignity," he said in an interview to The Sunday Times.Asked to comment on the flip flop nature of India's responses to the changing situation in Sri Lanka in the recent past, the LTTE's political leader came out with a cautious response. More...
Published: Sun Nov 26 17:07:22 EST 2000

Tamil Nationalist Movement activist held
The Hindu (Southern States), Monday, November 27, 2000. VIRUDHUNAGAR, NOV. 26. An activist of the Tamil Nationalist Movement was arrested by the police today at Watrap when he attempted to perform pooja at a local temple for the `well-being' of the LTTE supremo, V. Prabhakaran, on his birthday. According to the police, M. Somasundaram (42), a resident of Khansapuram and a State office-bearer of the movement, was held when he arrived at the Sri Muthalamman Temple for performing the pooja. More...
Published: Sun Nov 26 16:56:32 EST 2000
Related News Stories
Police remove posters  - The Hindu (Southern States)
Treasonous Trend  - ChennaiOnline

What a crime
SundayTimes, november 26. Sri Lanka is fast moving towards staking the no- torious claim to fame of being called a leading crime capital of the world with murders, rape, bank robberies, theft and vigilante killings becoming an everyday occurrence. With many fingers pointing at the failure of the law enforcers to even carry out their basic duties, the law of the jungle is fast taking precedence over the law of the land. An outdated penal code coupled with delays in litigation has compounded the crime problem with people fast losing faith in both the law enforcers as well as the judicial system and taking the law unto their hands. More...
Published: Sun Nov 26 13:57:58 EST 2000

Lanka minister sees Indian role in peace process
Times of India (Breaking News), 26 November 2000 . Sri Lanka sees India's role in the resolution of its conflict situation as "essential" and it envisages a far greater role for New Delhi if and when the talks with the rebels acquire a more critical phase, a visiting Sri Lankan minister said here."I think the involvement of India from the very beginning is seen by the Sri Lankan government as essential. This problem cannot be resolved without India's goodwill. And we have had that goodwill in abundant measure," Sri Lanka's Constitutional Affairs and Industries Development Minister G. L. Peiris said on a visit here. More...
Published: Sun Nov 26 13:14:05 EST 2000

Sri Lanka interest rates soar as war budget begins to bite
123India, november 26. Sri Lanka's interest rates have begun rising sharply as aftershocks of unprecedented military spending six months ago to contain Tamil Tiger rebels take a heavy toll on the economy. The one-month Sri Lanka Inter Bank Offering Rate (SLIBOR) reached a dizzy 25 percent last week compared to 13.08 percent a year ago, setting a trend for higher commercial bank lending rates, the latest official figures showed. More...
Published: Sat Nov 25 22:26:41 EST 2000

Opposition to act against CJ
Sunday Leader, November 26. The opposition is to move for a parliamentary select committee on Chief Justice Sarath Silva.The proposal for action against the chief justice through parliamentary procedure was moved at the UNP parliamentary group on Thursday, November 23.UNP MPs Gamini Lokuge and Rajitha Senaratne both urged the party to take prompt action citing several decision in fundamental rights applications and other reasons for pursuing the select committee option against the chief justice. More...
Published: Sun Nov 26 00:17:24 EST 2000

Govt. waiting for positive response from Prabhakaran
The Hindu NUS, 16.00 hrs (IST) on November 26, 2000. Colombo, Nov. 26 (PTI): Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) leader Velupillai Prabhakaran marked his 46th birthday today freeing 15 people held in captivity by the rebel group amid mounting foreign pressure to resume peace talks. The clandestine Voice of Tigers radio said Prabhakaran ordered the release of the 15 people held for ``criminal activities'' in rebel-held areas of northern parts of the island and also ``declared'' a two-day holiday. More...
Published: Sun Nov 26 05:19:30 EST 2000
Related News Stories
Prabhakaran: the rebel with key to Sri Lanka peace  -
Lanka waiting for Prabhakaran's Heroes Day speech  - Times of India
Rebel chief’s speech has Sri Lanka guessing  - India Abroad

LTTE spells out conditions for talks, 26th Nov 2000 20.50 IST . Contrary to earlier assertion by Norwegian peace envoy Erik Solheim, Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) on Sunday said hostilities must cease before starting any talks with the Chandrika Kumaratunga Government. In an interview to a local newspaper, LTTE's political wing leader S P Thamilchelvan said, ''It is only when hostilities cease, economic embargo removed and people too have a peace of mind can lasting peace efforts succeed.'' More...
Published: Sun Nov 26 12:25:36 EST 2000
Related News Stories
Pull out troops before talks: Top Tiger leader  - India Abroad
Tigers stress conditions for peace talks with Lanka  - Times of India (Breaking News)
Sri Lanka rebels reiterate conditions for talks  - ABC News

Sri Lanka preparing ground for direct talks with LTTE
India Abroad, Nov 26, 2000 17:30 Hrs (IST) . senior Sri Lankan minister has said the government is preparing the ground for direct negotiations with the separatist Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) to end the island's ethnic bloodletting and has asked the rebel group to demonstrate its seriousness about a negotiated settlement. "What is required is a clear demonstration that they are serious about the negotiations (because) there is a perception among the Sinhala people, because of past experience, that the LTTE make the right noises about negotiations when they are conscious about their vulnerability and when they feel that it is time for rearming and regrouping", said Constitutional Affairs and Industries Development Minister G.L. Peiris. "The basic problem there is one relating to the credibility threshold. What is required is a clear demonstration on the part of the LTTE that it is different this time and that they are serious about the negotiations. That they wish to address the substantive issues - rehabilitation, reconstruction, the humanitarian issues," Peiris told India Abroad News Service in an interview. More...
Published: Sun Nov 26 12:24:59 EST 2000
Related News Stories
Sri Lankan minister seeks Indian support for peace initiative  - NDTV/MSNBC

Behaving better in battle
Sunday Observer, 26 November 2000. When Lt. Nirmala Kekunagoda first joined the Army seven years ago, obeying these rules was not a priority. But things have changed. Through the years, circumstances have compelled change. "In an Army we have to follow certain codes of behaviour, even if the enemy does not," Lt. Kekunagoda said. "We cannot win this war without winning the confidence and trust of people- even those against us." More...
Published: Sun Nov 26 01:45:21 EST 2000

Inderfuth to miss meeting Kumarantunga
The Hindu NUS, 20.00 hrs (IST) on November 25, 2000. Colombo, Nov. 25. (UNI): Karl F Inderfurth, US Assistant Secretary of State for South Asian Affairs, will miss his meeting with Sri Lankan President Chandrika Kumaratunga, who left here yesterday on a European tour. The US embassy here was informed by the presidential secretariat that she would not be able to meet Inderfurth, who is expected to arrive here on Monday on the first leg of his four-nation tour. He is scheduled to visit India next week. More...
Published: Sat Nov 25 10:49:38 EST 2000

More people become refugees in Trincomalee
Bandula Jayasekara in Colombo, SLT 1.55 p.m November 25. People living in Munai,Odam, Thandanagar and new jetty areas in Trincomalee have moved away from their homes due to mortar attacks and threats by the LTTE a media release from the special media information center said today.

The release said 569 families consisting of 2393 people with over 900 children below 12 years have become refuges and are housed at Almanar Vidyalaya and Alhilal Vidyalaya in Muttur town. It also said that the social service officer and the Muttur divisional secretary have made arrangements to see to the need of the refugees.
Published: Sat Nov 25 02:53:02 EST 2000

Posters hail Prabhakaran's birthday
The Hindu (Southern States), Sunday, November 26, 2000. CHENNAI, NOV. 25. The pro-LTTE activists in the State are revving up once again to blatantly celebrate the birthday of Prabhakaran, the leader of the banned LTTE and the prime accused in Rajiv Gandhi assassination case, tomorrow and observe the `Maaveerar day' on Monday. Posters featuring Prabhakaran's photographs have appeared in prominent places in the City including Saidapet, Santhome and T.Nagar, hailing the LTTE chief on the occasion of his birthday. More...
Published: Sat Nov 25 17:31:38 EST 2000

Sri Lanka's MPs may lose attendance carrot
MSNBC, saturday, 25 November. Cash-strapped Sri Lanka's radical Marxists have called for the abolition of financial incentives used to coax reluctant lawmakers to attend parliamentary sittings. ''Parliamentarians are given a salary to attend parliament. They should not be paid additionally each time they show up,'' Vijitha Herath, a lawmaker of the leftist People's Liberation Front, told parliament on Friday during a debate on the cost of living.Sri Lanka's 225 members of parliament are paid 500 rupees ($6) for each sitting they attend in addition to their salary and other benefits. Herath said the country could ill-afford such payments as it struggles to cope with rising defence expenditure on a 17-year ethnic war. Despite the incentive, many lawmakers do not attend sittings and parliament has had to be adjourned several times in recent years for want of a quorum. More...
Published: Sat Nov 25 04:27:48 EST 2000

I am not protecting Veerappan
Rediff, november 26. Any reference to a likely 'deal' that clinched the release of Dr Rajakumar irritates P Nedumaran. "Please don't use that word," he says. The emissary clarifies ythere was no ransom paid and the LTTE was not involved in the kidnap. Accused of being anti-national by S Balakrishnan of the TMC and a 'LTTE stooge' by Subramanian Swamy, Nedumaran's role in the kidnap saga has been mired in controversy. In his second interview to Shobha Warrier, he speaks about Veerappan, the Tamil Nadu Liberation Army, the biased 'Brahmin press' and the Union government. More...
Published: Sun Nov 26 13:32:22 EST 2000
Related News Stories
Nedumaran proud he is ‘LTTE man’  - ChennaiOnline

Kumaratunga off to Europe for bilateral talks
India Abroad, Nov 25, 2000 14:55 Hrs (IST) . SRI Lanka's President Chandrika Kumaratunga is visiting Europe for "bilateral discussions," her office said. A short statement from the presidential secretariat said she left Friday but it did not give details about which countries she would be visiting or whom she would be meeting, presumably because of security considerations. With the Sri Lanka Aid Group meeting scheduled to take place in Paris early next month, Kumaratunga could make a stopover there after a likely visit to London, officials speculated. More...
Published: Sat Nov 25 10:48:28 EST 2000
Related News Stories
Sri Lanka president leaves for European visit  -

Lanka mulling closing down casinos
Times of India, November 26. COLOMBO: Sri Lanka was considering closing down casinos amid protests that the gambling operations had led to international prostitution rackets and money laundering here, the state-run Daily News said Saturday. Prime Minister Ratnasiri Wickremanayake told parliament Friday a government decision to licence casinos in 1996 had never been officially implemented. More...
Published: Sat Nov 25 23:39:58 EST 2000
Related News Stories
Sri Lanka government considers closing casinos  -

Sri Lanka considering crackdown on casinos
Virtual New York, Saturday, 25 November 2000. COLOMBO, Sri Lanka, Nov 25 (UPI) - The Sri Lankan government is contemplating a ban on casinos that have spread throughout the capital in recent years after a proposal to legalize them was opposed by religious organizations.

Prime Minister Ratnasiri Wickremanayake Friday told lawmakers in parliament that the government would consider closing down casinos since they are not benefiting the state treasury and are being blamed for money laundering and encouraging prostitution. More...
Published: Sat Nov 25 12:06:46 EST 2000

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