The Lanka Academic

MARCH 7, 2004 EST, USA
VOL. 4, NO. 336

Headline Summary
F R E E      C L A S S I F I E D S
T  O  P      H  E  A  D  L  I  N  E
President tells LTTE to stop assassinating candidates
Alladin Hussein in Colombo, March 7, 2004, 11.55 pm. The President Chandrika Kumaratunga has told the LTTE to immediately stop assassinating North East Province candidates contesting the forthcoming General Election, if their organisation is responsible for the recent murders.

The president has issued this directive to the LTTE through the Sri Lanka Monitoring Mission. Batticaloa district United National Front candidate Sinnathambi Sundarampillai and the Eelam Peoples Democratic Party Valachchenai candidate Ponniah Yogendran were assassinated recently allegedly by the LTTE pistol gang.

Ms. Kumaratunga has also instructed Defence Secretary take prompt action regarding these killings and other election related incidents in the North East province in consultation with the Monitoring Mission.
Published: Sun Mar 7 12:56:15 EST 2004

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S.Lanka Tigers' split shatters ruthless discipline
Reuters, march 7. COLOMBO, March 7 (Reuters) - A black string with a cyanide capsule on the end is the symbol of the fanaticism and discipline of Sri Lanka's Tamil Tigers in their separatist war. Those qualities that defeated the Indian army and held off the Sri Lankan military for two decades could be unravelling, and with them the island's best hope of ending the war that has killed 64,000. The Tigers expelled a renegade leader on Saturday, but said their command structure was in place and the internal crisis would not threaten the island's two-year-old peace process. More...
Published: Sun Mar 7 16:25:40 EST 2004 Back to the top

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Renegade rebel chief accuses Tamil Tigers of sending 'killing squads' to attack him; newspapers warn of return of civil war
Associated Press, March 6. SHIMALI SENANAYAKE Associated Press Writer COLOMBO, Sri Lanka (AP) _ A powerful renegade rebel commander on Sunday accused the Tamil Tigers' top leadership of dispatching ``killer squads'' to attack him and has ordered his forces on alert while local newspapers warned Sri Lanka may return to civil war.

The warning came a day after Tiger leaders announced that they had expelled the rebel eastern commander Vinayagamoorthi Muralitharan, also known as Karuna, from their ranks.

Muralitharan, however, refuses to relinquish power in his eastern Batticaloa-Ampara stronghold. Last week, he withdrew 6,000 fighters from the 15,000-strong guerrilla army in a dispute with the Tigers' top leader over troop deployment.

The schism is the biggest blow to the rebel group since it began its insurrection in 1983. The Tigers don't tolerate dissent and usually kill anyone who challenges their top commander Vellupillai Prabhakaran. The split also threatens an already fragile cease-fire between the rebels and government forces, and came ahead of key April 2 parliamentary elections.

``We have reliable information that killer squads sanctioned by the northern leadership have been sent with the intention of attacking me and my forces,'' Muralitharan told The Associated Press by telephone.

``These moves can lead to internal killing'' between breakaway forces and the main guerrilla army, he said.

There was no immediate response from the top rebel leadership based in the north.

Meanwhile, senior Sri Lanka army officials said Sunday that 23 rebels had crossed from the northern border to the east two days after Muralitharan disclosed the split.

In two eastern towns, scores of civilians loyal to Muralitharan staged demonstrations Sunday in protest against northern rebel leaders. Headless effigies of Prabhakaran and his intelligence chief were seen set ablaze.

Some students from the north who had been studying at universities in the east have returned home fearing an outbreak of faction fighting, college officials said.

``The greatest danger now is that if fighting erupts, the armed forces may be dragged into the mess,'' the independent Sunday Island reported. ``A wrong move by a single soldier or Tiger cadre (northern or eastern) and the country may be plunged back into the depths of war.''

The military officials said Muralitharan's men had stepped up their guard and were checking for infiltration from guerrillas in the north. The army also was on alert for fighting between the two rival factions.

Muralitharan, who joined the ruthless rebel group just three months after the insurrection began, said he informed the Norwegian ambassador Hans Brattskar about possible fighting between his soldiers and the main insurgent army.

Brattskar confirmed receiving the call but declined to give details.

Norway has been trying to seal a permanent peace deal in this island nation, and brokered a historic cease-fire between the Sri Lankan government and the Tigers in February 2002. Western diplomats warned the division among the rebels could seriously jeopardize any chance for peace.

``It's a very tricky situation that can seriously affect the cease-fire and the peace process,'' Hagrup Haukland, deputy chief of a European team of truce monitors, told The Associated Press.

Top Norwegian peace broker Erik Solheim is expected on the island Monday to mark the two year anniversary of the truce being signed. There were no immediate plans to meet with Muralitharan during the eight-day visit, but the rebel split will figure predominantly in discussions, diplomats said.

Tigers' political chief S.P. Thamilselvan has insisted that the peace process _ stalled since April _ would not be affected.

Muralitharan has said his group will respect the existing truce until it can sign a new one. More than 65,000 people have been killed in the 20-year civil war.

Calling Muralitharan's act ``traitorous,'' Thamilselvan said Saturday that the renegade leader would be replaced by his deputy, Ramesh, who like many Tamil insurgents uses only one name. Ramesh and other officers have fled from the east to the north.

But Muralitharan, 37, refused to step aside.

Muralitharan has said his grievances with top rebel leader Prabhakaran stemmed from demands to send more cadres from the east to the north and allegations of favoritism. He has also complained of unauthorized assassinations and attacks in his area.
Published: Sun Mar 7 03:36:50 EST 2004 Back to the top

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Sri Lankan Rebel Claims Attempt on Life  - Associated Press

Expelled LTTE s Eastern Commander getting isolated, Mar 7. Colombo, Mar 7 (UNI) The LTTE's deposed commander of the East, V Muralitharan, suffered yet another blow as one of his close confidante and senior leader from the East, Sivagnanam Karikalan, arrived in Wanni today for discussions with the rebel leadership about the worsening situation in the Eastern Batticaloa district... Back to the top

REGION: Lanka on red alert, troops brace for factional war, Monday, March 08, 2004 . COLOMBO: Sri Lankan troops are bracing for fighting between Tamil factions, a military official said Sunday, as breakaway rebels claimed their leader was being targeted by death squads and vowed to hit back... Back to the top

LTTE prepare for factional war
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TNA Candidates Stop Election Campaign in Batticaloa
Bandula Jayasekara in Colombo, SLT 6.30 A.M Monday 8 March. TNA candidates in Batticaloa have temporarily stopped their election propaganda campaign from today according to 'Eelam Nation'... Back to the top

Sri Lanka on red alert as Tigers, troops brace for factional war, March 07, 10:10 EST. Sri Lankan troops are bracing for fighting between Tamil factions, a military official said, as breakaway rebels claimed their leader was being targeted by death squads and vowed to hit back... Back to the top

Committee on Migrant Workers Calls for Greater Ratification of Migrants Treaty
Bandula Jayasekara in Colombo, SLT 1.15 P.M Sunday 7 March. The independent panel monitoring the implementation of the International Convention on the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of their Families has urged more countries to ratify the treaty so that its protection could be extended to the large and growing number of people moving across borders to work... Back to the top

Tamil Ondrinaipu Mandram Says, "Battalions in Batticaloa Will Function under Karuna
Bandula Jayasekara in Colombo, SLT 8.00 A.M Sunday 7 March. An organization under the name of 'Amaparai District Thamil Ondrinaipu Mandram', closely associated with Batticaloa's rebele LTTE leader , Karuna released a statement yesterday explaining their position on the rift between the LTTE leadership... Back to the top

Sanath Jayasuriya promises big things for test openerEds. note:
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Karuna/Prabha Rift- TULF leader says peace process could be affected
Bandula Jayasekara in Colombo, SLT 10.30 P.M Saturday 6 March. TULF leader V. Anandasangaree says that the rift between Prabhakaran and Karuna and the latest development within the LTTE is unfortunate as it would disturb the peace process and dash the hopes of the people... Back to the top

Breakaway Sri Lankan rebel commander retains control of 6,000 troops
Associated Press, Sat March 6, 2004 23:02 EST . SHIMALI SENANAYAKE - Associated Press Writer - COLOMBO, Sri Lanka - (AP) A powerful Sri Lankan rebel commander remained in control of 6,000 troops Sunday, a day after Tamil Tiger leaders expelled him from their ranks... Back to the top

LTTE leadership sacks breakaway commander
Gulf News, March 07, 2004 . The Tamil guerrilla leadership yesterday moved in a special team from the Northern Province to wrest control of the east and take over arms and ammunition held by eastern military wing leader 'Colonel' Karuna who was branded as a traitor and sacked from his position... Back to the top

Karuna Sacked From LTTE, Relieved of His Responsibilities
Bandula Jayasekara in Colombo, SLT 12.50 P.M Saturday 6 March. The Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam have sacked their rebel Eastern Commander, Karuna from the organization and relieved him of his responsibilities... Back to the top

Sri Lanka rebels expel renegade leader
Reuters, March 6. Sri Lanka's Tamil Tigers have expelled a renegade leader in an internal crisis that could unravel the island's two-year-old peace process... Back to the top

Tamil Tiger rebel leader says he will not relinquish command despite being dismissed
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Lankan govt rejects LTTE rebel's plea
Dawn, COLOMBO, March 5. Crisis within the LTTE has deepened after a letter was written by a dissident Tamil Tiger leader, Vinayagamurthi Muralitharan alias Karuna, directly to Tiger supremo Velupillai Prabakaran... Back to the top

Conference to promote Sri Lanka for business functions, NEW STRAITS TIMES-MANAGEMENT TIMES
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Zoysa back in Sri Lankan Test team against Australia, March 7, 2004. COLOMBO: Sri Lanka have recalled left-arm fast bowler Nuwan Zoysa in a 15-member squad for the opening cricket Test against Australia starting at Galle on Monday... Back to the top

Sri Lanka confirm April tour to Zimbabwe, March 7, 2004. COLOMBO, Sri Lanka (Reuters) - Sri Lanka will tour Zimbabwe in April and May, the Sri Lankan cricket board said on Friday... Back to the top

Sri Lanka s Mahanama appointed ICC match referee, March 7, 2004. COLOMBO: Former Sri Lankan opening batsman Roshan Mahanama has been appointed an International Cricket Council match referee, the cricket board said Friday... Back to the top

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