The Lanka Academic

VOL. 5, NO. 220

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Headline Summary
F R E E      C L A S S I F I E D S
T  O  P      H  E  A  D  L  I  N  E
Peace deadlock continues, LTTE seeks ‘more than a verbal commitment’ from Gov
Alladin Hussein in Colombo, November 11, 2004, 11.54 p.m.. Sri Lanka’s hope of a revived peace process dashed once again after both the Government and the LTTE failed to make a real effort or take a concrete step in resuming the stalled peace talks. Despite the visiting strong Norwegian delegation, hopes of some sort of progress to the Sri Lankan peace process saw little or no progress at all. The statement by LTTE Theoretician Anton Balasingham today further sunk hopes of any new development, when he said, “contrary to expectations and speculations, the facilitators did not bring any special message from the President that may be classified as a ‘breakthrough’. President Chandrika Kumaratunga had however during her meeting with the Norwegian delegation reiterated her Government’s ‘firm commitment’ to the peace process. But, Balasingham is reported to have told the facilitators that the LTTE expects more than a ‘verbal statement’ of commitment from the Government and President.

Commenting on the controversial Interim Self Governing Authority (ISGA), Balasingham had stressed that it was wrong to link the ISGA, with the final resolution because the former is directly and solely intended to address urgent humanitarian needs and the devastation caused by war and the latter is a political process that necessarily involves longer period of time and necessary ground work in the existing constitution for which the southern polity is not yet ready, he told reporters later during a conference at the LTTE peace Secretariat in Kilinochchi.
Published: Thu Nov 11 12:57:00 EST 2004

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O  T  H  E  R      H  E  A  D  L  I  N  E  S
Sri Lanka: Tamil Tigers Forcibly Recruit Child Soldiers
Human Rights Watch, November 11. New York, November 11, 2004) – By abducting children or threatening their families, the rebel Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam have recruited thousands of child soldiers in Sri Lanka since active fighting ended in 2002, Human Rights Watch said in a report released today.

The Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE, or Tamil Tigers) use intimidation and threats to pressure Tamil families in the north and east of Sri Lanka to provide sons and daughters for military service. When families refuse, their children are sometimes abducted from their homes at night or forcibly recruited while walking to school. Parents who resist the recruitment of their children face retribution from the Tamil Tigers, including violence or detention.

“The ceasefire has brought an end to the fighting, but not to the Tamil Tigers’ use of children as soldiers,” said Jo Becker, children’s rights advocacy director for Human Rights Watch, and a co-author of the report. “Many Tamil families who expected a ‘peace dividend’ now expect an unwelcome visit from armed Tamil Tiger recruiters.”

The 80-page report, “Living in Fear: Child Soldiers and the Tamil Tigers in Sri Lanka,” includes firsthand testimonies from dozens of children from northeastern Sri Lanka who have been recruited by the Tamil Tigers since the ceasefire came into effect. Children described rigorous and sometimes brutal military training, including training with heavy weapons, bombs and landmines. Children who try to escape are typically beaten in front of their entire unit as a warning to others.

The Tamil Tigers have recruited at least 3,516 children since the start of the February 2002 ceasefire with the government, according to cases documented by the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF). The agency states that this figure represents only a portion of the total number of children recruited.

Human Rights Watch also documented targeted re-recruitment drives of children released from a breakaway LTTE faction earlier this year. In March, the LTTE’s Eastern commander, Colonel Karuna, broke away from the main LTTE forces loyal to Vellupillai Prabhakaran, based in the northern region known as the Vanni. In April, Prabhakaran’s forces, known as the Vanni LTTE, attacked and defeated Karuna’s Eastern forces, which quickly disbanded. About 2,000 child soldiers fled Karuna’s forces or were encouraged by their commanders to leave. Some died in the fighting.

The Vanni LTTE quickly began an intensive campaign to re-recruit Karuna’s former forces, including children. The Vanni forces have gone from house to house, organized village meetings, sent children letters and made announcements from motorized vehicles to demand that the former child soldiers return. They have taken many children by force.

“They took away my younger brother the other day. He was coming home from the market and he was taken away,” said Vanji, who was recruited by the LTTE in 1997 at age 16. “They didn’t release him, and they threatened to shoot if I reported his abduction. They also told me at the same time that I had to re-join.”

International law prohibits the recruitment of children under the age of 18 by non-state armed groups, and all participation of children in active hostilities. The recruitment of children under the age of 15 is now considered a war crime.

The LTTE denies recruiting children and claims that any children in its forces have joined because of poverty, lack of educational opportunities, or the loss of their parents and lack of alternative care. Although some children do join because of socioeconomic factors or because they want to fight for an independent Tamil state, such “voluntary” recruitment is also a violation of international law.

In June 2003, the LTTE and the Sri Lankan government agreed to a formal Action Plan on Children Affected by War. Under the Action Plan, the Tamil Tigers agreed to end their recruitment of children and to release children from their forces, either directly to the children’s families or to new transit centers that were constructed specifically for this purpose.

Since the Action Plan was signed, UNICEF figures show that the LTTE has recruited more than twice as many children as it has released. A transit center opened in October 2003 received a total of only 172 children in its first year of operation. Although the center has capacity for 100 children, it has never held more than 49, and for a six-week period in mid-2004, was completely empty. The other two centers never opened because of the low number of children released.

“Time and again, the Tamil Tigers have pledged to end their use of child soldiers, but each time they’ve broken those promises,” said Becker. “It’s time for the Tamil Tigers to live up to their legal responsibilities and stop recruiting children.”

Personal accounts from “Living in Fear: Child Soldiers and the Tamil Tigers in Sri Lanka:”

Note: the names used are not the children’s real names.

My parents refused to give me to the LTTE so about 15 of them came to my house—it was both men and women, in uniforms, with rifles, and guns in holsters…. I was fast asleep when they came to get me at one in the morning.… These people dragged me out of the house. My father shouted at them, saying, “What is going on?”, but some of the LTTE soldiers took my father away towards the woods and beat him…. They also pushed my mother onto the ground when she tried to stop them. —Rangini, a girl recruited by the LTTE in 2003 at age 16

I went to school to grade 5. I dropped out because my mother and father died. No one cared for me, I had no parents, so I was willing to join. I lived with my aunt after my parents died. I cooked for her family. I had frustration in my life, so I was willing to join the LTTE. I wanted to live in this world without anyone’s help. When I joined the LTTE, I went to the political office, and told the LTTE I wanted to join. They agreed. I told them I was sixteen, but they didn’t care. —Vanmathi, a girl who joined the LTTE in 2003 at age 16

The training was very difficult. They don’t care if it’s a rainy or sunny day. If you get too tired and can’t continue, they will beat you. Once when I first joined, I was dizzy. I couldn’t continue and asked for a rest. They said, “This is the LTTE. You have to face problems. You can’t take a rest.” They hit me four or five times with their hands. —Selvamani, a girl recruited in 2002 at age 15

After four months I was sent to a landmines unit. I learned to handle landmines, to place them. I did this for four months. I couldn’t concentrate. Sometime a landmine would explode and children would be injured. Their fingers, hands, face. One time we were working in a line, and the last girl made a mistake when removing a landmine. It exploded and she lost a finger. She was 17. I was scared to handle them. —Vimala, a girl recruited in 2003 at age 17

Lots of people tried to escape. But if you get caught, they take you back and beat you. Some children die. If you do it twice, they shoot you. In my wing, if someone escaped, the whole group was lined up to watch them get beaten. I saw it happen, and know of cases from other groups. If the person dies, they don’t tell you, but we know it happens. —Nirmala, a girl recruited in 2001 at age 14

Published: Thu Nov 11 14:34:37 EST 2004 Back to the top

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Sri Lanka rebels convey message to gov't on saving peace process+
Associated Press, Thu November 11, 2004 07:28 EST . - - COLOMBO, Nov. 11 (Kyodo) Sri Lanka - 's Tamil Tiger guerrillas on Thursday sent a secret message to President Chandrika Kumaratunga on saving the island's troubled peace process, the rebels said.

The Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam said they gave the ''message'' to visiting Norwegian Foreign Minister Jan Petersen when he met with Tiger leader Velupillai Prabhakaran earlier in the day.

''We have conveyed a message to her on how to take the peace process forward,'' LTTE's chief peace negotiator Anton Balasingham was quoted as saying on the pro-rebel Tamilnet website.

''But the Norwegians have requested us not to speak about it to the press until they discuss it with the Sri Lankan president,'' he said.

Petersen returned to Colombo from the rebel-held town of Kilinochchi, 330 kilometers north of here, for a second round of talks with Kumaratunga later Thursday. He is slated to leave the island early Friday.

During late-night talks with Kumaratunga on Wednesday, Petersen was asked to convey the government's willingness to resume direct negotiations with the LTTE at the earliest opportunity, a statement from Kumaratunga's office said.

''The foreign minister undertook to convey the president's views to the LTTE leadership when he meets them...and stressed that this was an opportune moment to renew direct talks between the government and the LTTE,'' the statement said.

It said Kumaratunga stressed her commitment to maintain the Oslo-brokered truce with the Tigers and wanted a political settlement to end the conflict. More than 60,000 people have been killed in fighting in the past three decades.

The Tamilnet website quoted Balasingham as saying in Kilinochchi that urgent humanitarian needs of the Tamil minority must be addressed soon.

''Once the talks begin they (Colombo) can bring their ideas to the negotiating table,'' Balasingham said. ''Hence we had a long discussion with the Norwegians about how to restart the talks early.''

The Oslo-brokered peace talks between the Colombo government and the LTTE have been on hold since the guerrillas walked out in April last year.

The Colombo government has accused the Tigers of killing more than 250 of their rivals since the cease-fire went into effect.

Norway said in a statement last week the purpose of Petersen's visit was to ask the two sides ''whether they wish to move toward resuming negotiations.''
Published: Thu Nov 11 09:31:37 EST 2004 Back to the top

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Rights Group Charges Sri Lanka Rebels Continue to Use Child ..., Nov 11, 2004 New Delhi . The international rights group, Human Rights Watch, says Sri Lanka's Tamil Tiger rebels are still recruiting child soldiers, despite a ceasefire with the government... Back to the top

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