The Lanka Academic

 
JULY 3, 2006 EST, USA
 
QUAERE VERUM
 
VOL. 7, NO. 88

JAYANTHA DHANAPALA

Candidate for UN Secretary General from Sri Lanka.
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LTTE must negotiate: Sri Lankan President
ndtv.com, July 4. With the ceasefire between the Sri Lankan government and the Tamil Tiger rebels in tatters, Sri Lankan President Mahinda Rajapakse has said that he will give only an outline for peace to the LTTE.

He added he will leave it to them to flesh out a peace deal, provided they come to the negotiating table.

Speaking exclusively to NDTV, Rajapakse said there was no question of his government allowing the Karuna faction of the LTTE to operate in the areas controlled by it. More... Discuss this story
Published: Mon Jul 3 23:41:07 EDT 2006


Surge in violence kills 9, injures 17 in Sri Lanka , military says
Associated Press, Mon July 3, 2006 12:50 EDT . ASHOK SHARMA - Associated Press Writer - COLOMBO, Sri Lanka - (AP) A series of explosions on Monday killed at least nine people and wounded 17 others in troubled Sri Lanka - , where an unraveling cease-fire between the government and Tamil rebels is threatening to plunge the country into all-out civil war.

A bomb explosion at an army checkpoint in the northeast killed seven people, including four police officers, two soldiers and one civilian, the army said. Fourteen others were wounded.

The bomb was hidden in a motorized-rickshaw that blew up when security forces went to check it, army spokesman Brig. Prasad Samarasinghe said. Nine of the injured were hospitalized in serious condition.

No one claimed responsibility for the explosion, which occurred at the entry to the port city of Trincomalee, 215 kilometers (135 miles) northeast of Colombo, the army said in a statement.

Samarasinghe blamed the blast on separatist Tamil Tiger rebels.

Government forces control the port of Trincomalee, but pockets of surrounding countryside are held by the rebels who have been fighting for more than two decades to turn parts of the north and east into a separate state for the country's ethnic Tamils.

Also Monday, a Claymore mine suspected to have been triggered by rebels in the northern Jaffna Peninsula killed one soldier and wounded another, the army spokesman said. The two were on foot patrol in Nelliady, a small town nearly 300 kilometers (200 miles) north of Colombo.

Suspected rebels also fired at the soldiers in Vavuniya early Monday. The army returned fire, killing an attacker wearing a Sri Lankan army uniform, an army statement said.

Another Claymore mine was triggered while commandos were checking a road for mines in the eastern district of Batticaloa before military vehicles were scheduled to pass, injuring both of them, Samarasinghe said.

The mines are a weapon favored by rebels, who have been fighting since 1983 for a separate homeland for minority ethnic Tamils. More than 65,000 people have died in the conflict.

A 2002 cease-fire halted the fighting. But subsequent peace talks broke down, and recent escalating violence has killed more than 700 people since April, threatening a return to full-scale war.

Associated Press Writer Bharatha Mallawarachi also contributed to this report. Discuss this story
Published: Mon Jul 3 14:08:18 EDT 2006 Back to the top

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Explosion kills 3 in Sri Lanka 's northeast, army says  - Associated Press
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Bomb blast kill 6, wounds 14 in Sri Lanka , military says  - Associated Press
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Tiger blast kills three in Sri Lanka - army  - scotsman.com
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Surge in violence kills 8, injures 17 in Sri Lanka , military says  - Associated Press

In eastern Sri Lanka , families struggling to stay out of war many fear is coming
Associated Press, Mon July 3, 2006 13:42 EDT . MATTHEW ROSENBERG - Associated Press Writer - MANKENI, Sri Lanka - (AP) They slipped out of the village and into the jungle after dark, whole families abandoning prized fishing boats and what little else they had to escape forced military training at the hands of the Tamil Tiger rebels. Dozens of others haven't across this seaside sliver of eastern Sri Lanka - , where aid workers and villagers say the Tigers and a renegade rebel faction are abducting children and young men. The Tigers are also openly training civilians to fight.

The result: people here are struggling to keep from being sucked into Sri Lanka - 's ferocious ethnic conflict. Classrooms stand empty, fishing boats beached and streets deserted.

Guarded by soldiers, the people at Mankeni's church explained that they fled their village, Panichankerny, in rebel territory, after the Tigers started forcing every able-bodied person between 14 and 55 to undergo military training.

``We're not soldiers, we're fisherman even firecrackers scare us,'' said Nadarasa, a 28-year-old who asked that his last name not be used for fear of rebel retribution. He said dozens of others remained in the village, but ``they may join us if they can slip away.''

As violence surges across Sri Lanka - , the abductions and forced training of civilians are seen as a sign the government, Tigers and renegades are preparing to renew the vicious civil war that for nearly two decades pitted rebels from the Tamil minority and against the government dominated by the Sinhalese majority.

The Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam, the rebels' formal name, took up arms in 1983 to fight for a homeland for Sri Lanka - 's 3.2 million Tamils, who have faced decades of often-violent discrimination. The resulting war on this tropical island of 19 million people nearly three-quarters of them Sinhalese left more than 65,000 people dead before a 2002 cease-fire.

But peace talks faltered, and rising violence in the past four months has killed some 700 people, more than half of them civilians.

The violence continued Monday when at least eight people were slain in a series of explosions, including a blast south of this village that killed two government commandos.

Tensions are perhaps highest in this eastern region of fishing villages, rice paddies and groves of coconut palms, a predominantly Tamil area split between government and rebel zones. Gunfire rings out nightly from the fortified front lines, and fresh bodies turn up nearly every morning in the jungles beyond.

It's also the region where two years ago, the renegades, known as the Karuna faction, broke away from the Tigers, sparking a murderous crackdown by the mainstream insurgents.

UNICEF says the few hundred Karuna fighters now left who regularly attack the Tigers and are widely believed to get government protection have pressed at least 50 children into service since March.

The Tigers, who have a well-documented history of using child soldiers, abducted 64 children in April and May, UNICEF says.

Aid workers also say both the Tigers and the renegades have abducted dozens of young men over age 18 in recent months.

The fallout is felt by everyone ``teachers aren't going to schools, doctors aren't attending health centers it's having an overall impact on life in the communities,'' said Yasmin Haque of UNICEF.

That was certainly the case in the nearby village of Pasikuda, where one mother said she had pulled a teenage son from school and asked another son, a contractor and the family's sole breadwinner, to stay away from work.

``Even going to the shop is scary,'' she said, asking her name not be used for fear of attracting the attention to her fighting-age sons.

The rebels are also openly readying civilians for war a pro-rebel Web-site last week claimed that 6,000 civilians already had been trained in regions they control.

For the fisherman of Panichankerny, joining such training was a frightening prospect.

Selvaseram, 20, said he slipped into the jungle after midnight Saturday with his wife and baby daughter, arriving here late that night. His wife's thin gold necklace and earrings were the only valuables they had left.

``Everything else is lost,'' he said, also asking his last name not be used. The Tigers often kill those who cross them.

Another of the escapees, Kamawadipillei Balasudramuniam, 46, said that in the past two weeks his 15-year-old son and at least two other children in the village had been pressed into joining the Tigers, abductions which helped spark the exodus.

Leaving wasn't an easy decision abandoned were two new fiberglass fishing boats, pricey replacements provided by international aid agencies for ones lost to the Asian tsunami, which devastated this region.

But, he said, ``I fish for my family, to earn them money. I am nothing without my family.'' Discuss this story
Published: Mon Jul 3 15:25:05 EDT 2006 Back to the top

Related News Stories
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Dozens of Tamils flee rebel-held areas in Sri Lanka to escape forced military training  - Associated Press

India offers to share experience on federal polity with Lanka
hindu.com, Monday, July 3, 2006 : 2025 Hrs. Colombo, July 3. (PTI): India today offered to share with Sri Lanka its experience of federal polity as Foreign Secretary Shyam Saran met President Mahinda Rajapakse and discussed the faltering peace process in the island nation... Back to the top

Sri Lanka : Sinn Fein lawmaker McGuinness meets Tamil Tiger rebels
Associated Press, Mon July 3, 2006 15:34 EDT . COLOMBO, Sri Lanka (AP) _ Martin McGuinness, a former Northern Ireland separatist leader, on Monday urged the Sri Lankan government and Tamil Tiger rebels to prevent the island nation from slipping back to full-scale civil war, his party said... Back to the top

Nordic countries yet to decide on pulling out EU monitors from Sri Lanka
Associated Press, Mon July 3, 2006 10:11 EDT . BHARATHA MALLAWARACHI - Associated Press Writer - COLOMBO, Sri Lanka - (AP) Tamil Tiger rebels have demanded that European Union members be excluded from a Nordic team monitoring Sri Lanka - 's cease-fire by Sept... Back to the top

Sri Lankans unhappy with 2011 World Cup itinerary, says former top cricket official
Associated Press, Mon July 3, 2006 11:44 EDT . - - COLOMBO, Sri Lanka - (AP) Sri Lanka - should re-negotiate the 2011 cricket World Cup itinerary to ensure it hosts at least one of the two semifinals, a former top cricket official said Monday... Back to the top

Supply of radars to Sri Lanka a big mistake: PMK
hindu.com, Monday, July 3, 2006 : 2025 Hrs. Chennai, July 3. (PTI): The PMK, a constituent of the ruling UPA Coalition Government at the Centre, today termed as "a big mistake" the Union Government's decision to supply two radars to Sri Lanka... Back to the top

Trapped in conflict, Sri Lanka Muslims mull action
reuters.com, 3 july. KATTANKUDI, Sri Lanka (Reuters) - As violence rages between Sri Lanka's government and ethnic Tamil Tiger rebels, the island's Muslim minority says it is caught in the middle, and there is talk of an armed "Jihad" group emerging if war returns... Back to the top

Sri Lankan Navy sinks Tamil rebel boat
hindustantimes.com, 3 july. Sri Lankan forces sank a Tamil rebel boat as it approached a strategic harbour in the island's north, rebuffed an attack on an army patrol and killed a suspect guerrilla in the east, the military said on Saturday... Back to the top

Local journalist fatally shot outside Sri Lankan capital, says media rights group.
Associated Press, Sun July 2, 2006 03:07 EDT . KRISHAN FRANCIS - Associated Press Writer - COLOMBO, Sri Lanka - (AP) A local freelance journalist who wrote mostly on defense matters was shot and killed on the outskirts of the Sri Lankan capital on Sunday, a media rights group said... Back to the top

Anti-personnel mine in eastern Sri Lanka wounds two commandoes, military says
Associated Press, Mon July 3, 2006 00:34 EDT . - - COLOMBO, Sri Lanka - (AP) An anti-personnel mine exploded Monday in eastern Sri Lanka - , wounding two commandos who were clearing a route for a military convoy, the military said... Back to the top

Steady violence raises fears of war in Sri Lanka
Associated Press, Sun July 2, 2006 11:38 EDT . MATTHEW ROSENBERG - Associated Press Writer - BATTICALOA, Sri Lanka - (AP) Gunfire echoes nearly every night across the lagoon that rings this fishing town in eastern Sri Lanka - ... Back to the top

Report: Tamil Tiger rebels say they have trained 6,000 civilians in armed combat
Associated Press, Sat July 1, 2006 22:27 EDT . COLOMBO, Sri Lanka (AP) _ Tamil Tiger rebels have trained 6,000 civilians in armed combat as part of efforts to intensify its liberation struggle, a pro-guerilla Web site said, indicating the insurgents are preparing for all-out war with Sri Lankan military forces... Back to the top

Sri Lanka 's rebels say UNICEF exaggerates number of child fighters
Associated Press, Sun July 2, 2006 09:06 EDT . COLOMBO, Sri Lanka (AP) _ Sri Lanka's rebel Tamil Tigers on Sunday accused the U... Back to the top

Lanka Internet, Redline Deploy WiMAX Forum Certified Metropolitan ...
wirelessdesignasia.com, July 3, 2006. Lanka Internet, Sri Lanka’s pioneer facility-based telecom services operator, has selected Redline’s RedMAX to establish Sri a fully certified WiMAX broadband metropolitan network in Colombo... Back to the top

Rajapaksa ends Bandaranaike era in SLFP
hindustantimes.com, June 30, 2006. In the political history of Sri Lanka, the era of the Bandaranaikes seems to have ended... Back to the top

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