The Lanka Academic

AUGUST 21, 2006 EST, USA
VOL. 7, NO. 137


Candidate for UN Secretary General from Sri Lanka.

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8 Defendants Arrested by FBI, Charged with Conspiring to Provide Material Support, Resources to Foreign Terrorist Organization
USnewswire, 8/21/2006 6:19:00 PM. Contact: Robert Nardoza of the U.S. Department of Justice, 718-254-6323; Web: Discuss this story BROOKLYN, N.Y., Aug. 21 /U.S. Newswire/ -- Two complaints were unsealed this morning in U.S. District Court in Brooklyn charging eight defendants with multiple crimes, including conspiracy to provide material support and resources to a designated foreign terrorist organization - the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE or Tamil Tigers).

Four of the defendants were arrested on Long Island, N.Y., on Aug. 19, 2006, after three of them traveled to New York from Canada to attempt to purchase from an agent acting in an undercover capacity Russian-made SA-18 surface-to-air missiles, missile launchers, AK-47s and other weapons to be used by the LTTE in its rapidly escalating conflict against the Sri Lankan military. These four defendants were acting at the direction of senior LTTE leadership in Sri Lanka.

In the second complaint, multiple defendants are charged with providing material support to the LTTE that included the procurement of military equipment and dual use technology, fund raising and money laundering through "front" charitable organizations and U.S. bank accounts. The complaint also charges that the defendants attempted to obtain classified information, conspired to bribe U.S. public officials in an effort to remove the LTTE from the U.S. State Department's list of Foreign Terrorist Organizations, and dealt in illegal financial transactions with LTTE.

As alleged in both complaints, the defendants are closely connected with LTTE leadership in Sri Lanka, and many of them have personally met with LTTE leader, Velupillai Prabhakaran, and other senior leaders of the terrorist group.

The defendants arrested in the Eastern District of New York are scheduled to have their initial appearances this afternoon before U.S. Magistrate Judge Marilyn D. Go at the U.S. Courthouse in Brooklyn, N.Y.

"The multi-faceted scheme by members and supporters of the Sri Lankan organization known as the Tamil Tigers demonstrates the need for continued vigilance in the global war against terrorists," said Attorney General Alberto R. Gonzales. "These defendants allegedly sought to obtain, through a variety of means, weapons and materials to carry out a deadly campaign of violence. We will use every tool in our power to disrupt the activities of those who seek to harm others, both here and abroad."

"As charged, for more than 15 years, the LTTE has waged a war of terror, assassinations, and suicide bombings in Sri Lanka and elsewhere," stated U.S. Attorney Roslynn R. Mauskopf. "We refuse to allow the LTTE and its supporters to use the United States as a source of supply for weapons, technology, and financial resources." Ms. Mauskopf added that the investigation is continuing.

"Today's arrests of high level Tamil Tiger financiers and operatives are a clear example of the FBI's ability to combine long term, complex intelligence gathering, terrorism prevention, and law enforcement," stated Leslie G. Wiser Jr., FBI Special Agent-in-Charge, Newark Field Office. "This weekend's operation has severely impaired the Tamil Tigers' ability to acquire funding and weapons for their ongoing terror operations in Sri Lanka."

The investigation leading to the arrests announced today was conducted by the Newark Division of the Federal Bureau of Investigation's Joint Terrorism Task Force (JTTF), with assistance provided by more than 20 of the FBI's Field Offices, including New York, New Haven, Conn., Buffalo, N.Y., Seattle, Wa., Baltimore, Md., Chicago, and San Jose, Calif.; the U.S. Attorney's Office for the District of Connecticut; U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE); the U.S. Department of State; the Royal Canadian Mounted Police National Security Program; and British law enforcement authorities.


According to the complaints, the LTTE was founded in 1976 and uses illegal methods to raise money, acquire weapons and technology, and publicize its cause of establishing an independent Tamil state in northern Sri Lanka. The LTTE began its armed conflict against the Sri Lankan government in 1983, and utilizes a guerrilla strategy that often includes acts of terrorism. With an army of several thousand combatants, the LTTE controls most of the northern and eastern coastal areas of Sri Lanka. The complaints allege that over the past 15 years, the LTTE has conducted approximately 200 suicide bombings, resulting in the deaths of hundreds of victims, and carried out numerous political assassinations, including the May 1991 assassination of former Indian Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi; the 1993 assassination of the President of Sri Lanka, Ranasinghe Premadasa; the July 1999 assassination of Neelan Thiruchelvam, a member of the Sri Lankan parliament; the June 2000 assassination of C.V. Goonaratne, the Sri Lankan Industry Minister; and the August 2006 assassination of the Sri Lankan government's peace secretariat, Ketheshwaran Loganathan. Beginning in 2002, the LTTE and the Sri Lankan government operated under a tenuous cease-fire agreement, but that agreement has essentially ended, and since April 2006, more than 1,700 people have been killed in the escalating conflict.

In 1997, the LTTE was designated by the U.S. State Department as a Foreign Terrorist Organization and, therefore, may not legally raise money or procure specified equipment or materials in the United States.

Attempts to Bribe Purported State Department Officials

According to one complaint, Murugesu Vinayahamoorthy, a senior LTTE supporter, Nachimuthu Socrates, a LTTE supporter in North America, and other defendants attempted and conspired to bribe purported U.S. State Department officials to remove the LTTE from the State Department's Foreign Terrorist Organization list. Beginning in 2004 and continuing over a period of several months, the defendants met with a confidential informant (CI-1) who was operating under law enforcement supervision and two purported State Department officials, identified in the complaint as UC-1 and UC-2, and discussed the financial terms of the bribe, including a $1 million up-front payment. During one meeting, the complaint alleges that Vinayagamoorthy said that he had traveled to the United States for the meeting on behalf of senior LTTE leadership in Sri Lanka, and that the LTTE "leader"- referring to Velupillai Prabhakaran - would make the ultimate decision as to how much the LTTE was willing to pay the State Department officials. During some of these meetings, UC-1 and Socrates also discussed the sale of classified United States intelligence information to the LTTE. The complaint alleges that Socrates made interim bribery payments to the CI to give to UC-1. Ultimately, the defendants put the scheme on hold due to "the prevailing climate" in Sri Lanka.

According to the complaint, in December 2005, Socrates met with UC-1 and CI-1 in order to purchase a purported classified intelligence document concerning the LTTE which made reference to an investigation by the United States and a foreign government into the Tamil Rehabilitation Organization (TRO), a charitable organization suspected of being a "front" for a LTTE fund raising organization. Although the document was presented to the defendants as containing classified information, it was created by the FBI for purposes of the investigation. Socrates and CI-1 gave UC-1 $1,000 in cash, and UC-1 permitted Socrates to review the document. Socrates, in turn, passed the information to Vinayagamoorthy.

Attempt to Purchase Surface-to-Air Missiles

As alleged in the other complaint filed today, in July 2006, CI-1 received a telephone call, which was consensually recorded, from a LTTE supporter, Nadarasa Yogarasa (YOGA). Yoga believed that the CI had a relationship with a black market arms dealer who could acquire heavy military artillery, including missiles. On July 31, 2006, CI-1, Yoga, and Sathajhan Sarachandran (Satha), a LTTE supporter, met at a location in Queens, N.Y., and in a recorded conversation Satha discussed the types of weapons he wanted to purchase on behalf of the LTTE, specifically, surface- to-air missiles to be used against "the Kfir," a reference to the Israeli-made Kfir fighter jet aircraft used by the Sri Lankan military against the LTTE. Satha, a Canadian citizen who had traveled to New York from Canada for this meeting, advised CI-1 that he was taking direction from Pottu Amman, who handled "outside purchasing" of arms. Pottu Amman leads the intelligence and operations wing of the LTTE. On Aug. 7, 2006, CI-1 and YOGA met at another location in Queens and discussed various weapons that the LTTE needed, including AK-47s and truck-mounted missile systems.

On Aug. 18, 2006, Satha, Sahilal Sabaratnam (Sahil), identified in the complaint as the "financial guy," and Thiruthanikan Thanigasalam (Thani) traveled to the United States by car from Canada. Sahil and Thani, both Canadian citizens, are LTTE supporters.

On Saturday, Aug. 19, 2006, CI-1 met Satha, Sahil, and Thani at a location in Queens, and then they drove to another location on Long Island, where they met for several hours with two undercover law enforcement officers (identified in the complaint as UC-1 and UC-2). The meeting was consensually recorded. At the outset, UC-1 asked the defendants what they wanted to purchase, and Thani said, "We need something for Kfir," the Israeli-made fighter jets. UC-1 asked, "You want to shoot this airplane down?" Thani said yes. Thani also said they wanted weaponry to destroy boats. The defendants discussed using bank accounts in Switzerland, St. Croix, or other offshore locations to finance the purchase, and Thani stated that the defendants wanted delivery to occur ship-to-ship in the Indian Ocean. Thani and Sahil requested UC-2, who posed as a technical expert in military weaponry, to travel to Sri Lanka to train the ultimate users of the arms. Thani indicated that in the future, they wanted to purchase between 50 and 100 surface-to-air missiles, but would start with the smaller quantity of 10, obtain training on them in Sri Lanka and, if the missiles worked well, buy the remainder. During the meeting, the parties discussed the quantity and price of the missiles and AK-47 assault rifles, and agreed that an initial shipment would consist of 10 SA-18 surface-to-air missiles and 500 AK-47s, and that UC-2 would provide technical training on the use of the missiles. The parties also discussed a total price of between $900,000 and $937,500 for the equipment and the training. Satha, Sahil, and Thani then examined an SA-18 missile, which was brought into the room in a long wooden crate, as well as the missile's firing tube and trigger mechanism, and two AK-47 assault weapons.

LTTE Procurement Activities

As detailed in the complaints, the defendants used several e- mail accounts in the United States to inquire about or purchase military arms, unmanned aerial vehicles for jamming radio transmissions and radar, submarine design software, flight lessons, cell towers, radio controller equipment, global positioning system equipment, short wavelength radio equipment, radio and satellite equipment, air traffic equipment, cameras, computers, and a host of other items to be used by the LTTE. They also allegedly used U.S.-based bank accounts to launder money for LTTE-funded activities, including the purchase of operational equipment and travel to and from Sri Lanka.

LTTE Fund Raising in North America

The complaints allege that the defendants' conspiracy to provide material support to LTTE included fund raising in the United States and Canada, relying on "front" charitable organizations to give the fund raising the appearance of legitimacy. These organizations were also used to send goods and material to LTTE in Sri Lanka.

Maximum Sentences Defendants Face if Convicted

If convicted, the defendants face the following maximum sentences: 15 years for conspiracy to provide material support to a designated terrorist organization, 10 years for dealing in property of a specially designated terrorist, and five years for conspiracy to bribe public officials. The charges in the complaints are merely allegations, and the defendants are presumed innocent unless and until proven guilty.

The government's case is being prosecuted by Assistant U.S. Attorneys Jeffrey Knox, Robert M. Radick, and Gurbir Grewal, under the supervision of Kelly T. Currie, Chief of the U.S. Attorney's Office Violent Crimes and Terrorism Section. More...
Published: Mon Aug 21 20:56:55 EDT 2006

Related News Stories
Eight Tamil Tigers supporters, including 3 Canadians, accused of terror support  - All News Radio
U.S. charges 8 over 'Tiger plot'  - CNN
Tamil Tigers sympathizers in New York accused of terror support  - Associated Press
Simsbury Man Arrested For Part In Terrorist Conspiracy  - HArtford C

13 Tied to Sri Lankan Separatists Are Charged by U.S. With Aiding Terrorists
NYT, August 23. Federal agents in four states, including New York and Connecticut, have arrested 13 men on charges that they plotted to buy weapons for a Sri Lankan separatist group and bribe agents posing as State Department officials to remove the group from a list of foreign terrorist organizations. The men were charged yesterday, and others were still being sought, in a case arising from two sting operations, the authorities said. All the men were said to have close ties to the group, the Tamil Tigers. Three were arrested in Buffalo and one each in Connecticut, Seattle and San Jose, Calif. They were accused of a range of crimes, from trying to buy Russian-made shoulder-fired surface-to-air missiles and assault rifles from an undercover agent on Long Island to conspiring to pay a $1 million bribe to get off the government list. More...
Published: Mon Aug 21 23:31:15 EDT 2006 Back to the top

Tamil Tigers sympathizers in New York accused of terror support
Associated Press, Mon August 21, 2006 17:57 EDT . TOM HAYS - Associated Press Writer - NEW YORK (AP) Emissaries of the Tamil Tigers rebel group conspired to buy surface-to-air missiles from a black-market source in the United States amid an escalating conflict with military forces in Sri Lanka - , authorities said Monday. The U.S. Department of State added the Tamil Tigers, which began fighting in 1983 for a separate state in Sri Lanka - 's northeast, to its list of foreign terrorist organizations in 1997. The designation bars the group from raising money, obtaining weaponry or lobbying for support in the United States.

In a police operation, undercover agents posing as Department of State officials were offered millions of dollars (euros) during a series of secret meetings in a New York apartment, one of the complaints said.

At a meeting in July 2005, Socrates asked undercover agents whether they ``could stop the United States government from sending arms to the Sri Lankan government'' and ``provide intelligence about this issue,'' the papers said.

Another defendant ``made it clear that he had traveled to the United States on behalf of (the Tamil Tigers') senior leadership in Sri Lanka - ,'' including the group's evasive founder, Velupillai Prabhakaran, the complaint said.

The undercover agents told the defendants that to be pulled off the terror list the group ``would have to renounce suicide bombings and the use of children as soldiers,'' the court papers said.

Other defendants were recorded in a separate operation last month negotiating for the purchase of 10 Russian-made missiles and 500 AK-47 rifles, prosecutors said.

``We need something for Kfir,'' one defendant said, according to court papers, referring to the type of fighter jets used by the Sri Lankan air force to strike rebel strongholds.

A recent surge in fighting has threatened to drag Sri Lanka - back into civil war, four years after the Tamil Tigers and government reached a cease-fire brokered by Norway.

The rebels fought for almost two decades to carve out a separate homeland for Sri Lanka - 's 3.2 million ethnic Tamil minority. The civil war killed about 65,000 people.

Hundreds of people, many of them civilians, have been killed in renewed fighting since late last year.
Published: Mon Aug 21 21:20:43 EDT 2006 Back to the top

US arrests over a dozen for Tamil Tiger support
Reuters, August 22. NEW YORK (Reuters) - More than a dozen people have been arrested in the United States on suspicion of trying to provide money and weapons including surface-to-air missiles to Sri Lanka's Tamil Tiger rebels, U... Back to the top

Rajapakse sets terms for truce
Hindu, August 22. COLOMBO: Reaffirming commitment to the 2002 Cease Fire Agreement (CFA), Sri Lanka President, Mahinda Rajapakse on Monday told the envoys of Co-Chairs of the island nation that his Government will "seriously consider" any initiative incorporating a clear and explicit commitment to a comprehensive and verifiable cessation of hostilities to be made by the LTTE leader, V... Back to the top

Aid worker and lawmaker slain as Sri Lankan conflict shows no sign of let up
Associated Press, Mon August 21, 2006 10:05 EDT . CASSIE BIGGS - Associated Press Writer - COLOMBO, Sri Lanka - (AP) An ethnic Tamil aid worker and a prominent Tamil politician were both slain in troubled northern Sri Lanka - , where political and ethnic killings are an increasingly disturbing trend in the country's two-decade civil war, observers said Monday... Back to the top

Ex-Tamil politician slain in northern Sri Lanka
Associated Press, Mon August 21, 2006 02:17 EDT . - - COLOMBO, Sri Lanka - (AP) A former Tamil politician and newspaper chief was killed outside his home in Sri Lanka - 's northern Jaffna Peninsula, police said Monday... Back to the top

Monitors withdraw to the capital amid surging violence in Sri Lanka
Associated Press, Mon August 21, 2006 11:55 EDT . COLOMBO, Sri Lanka - (AP) European monitors overseeing Sri Lanka - 's shaky cease-fire will temporarily withdraw to the capital amid a surge in fighting between government forces and separatist Tamil Tiger rebels, the monitoring mission said Monday... Back to the top

Aid workers stopped from leaving S.Lanka rebel base
Reuters, August 20. COLOMBO, Aug 20 (Reuters) - Dozens of aid workers have been stopped from trying to leave a stronghold of Sri Lanka's Tamil Tigers, colleagues said on Sunday, as the government prepared to ferry supplies to a northern enclave under siege... Back to the top

Sri Lanka set to lift blockade on Jaffna, as rebels, army exchange fire
Associated Press, Mon August 21, 2006 01:05 EDT . BHARATHA MALLAWARACHI - Associated Press Writer - COLOMBO, Sri Lanka - (AP) Government forces and separatist Tamil rebels traded artillery fire in northern Sri Lanka - , as authorities prepared to lift a blockade of Jaffna Peninsula and allow much needed aid to reach tens of thousands there... Back to the top

Tamil-language newspaper warehouse razed amid soaring violence in northern Sri Lanka
Associated Press, Sun August 20, 2006 09:24 EDT . BHARATHA MALLAWARACHI - Associated Press Writer - COLOMBO, Sri Lanka - (AP) Armed men allegedly burned down the warehouse of a Tamil-language newspaper in northern Sri Lanka - , where government forces are battling to suppress a Tamil separatist movement, a local media monitoring group said Sunday... Back to the top

Sri Lankan military, rebels trade artillery fire along northern border
Associated Press, Sun August 20, 2006 02:03 EDT . CASSIE BIGGS - Associated Press Writer - COLOMBO, Sri Lanka - (AP) Separatist Tamil Tiger rebels and government forces traded artillery and mortar fire overnight as the insurgents tried to break through government lines and recapture the northern Jaffna Peninsula, the military said Sunday... Back to the top

'No formal SL request yet for Indian aid to Jaffna'
Hindustan Times, August 21. India is yet to receive any formal request from the Sri Lankan government for emergency humanitarian assistance for beleaguered Jaffna, according to well placed sources in the Government of India... Back to the top

Lanka 'regrets' Norwegian remarks
BBC Sinhala , Monday, August 21, 2006 - 08:50 EDT. The Sri Lankan government has expressed regret that a senior Norwegian diplomat criticised the EU ban on the Tamil Tigers... Back to the top

India to help Lanka resolve political crisis
Indiatimes, August 21. NEW DELHI: With bloody conflict raging in Sri Lanka between the government forces and the LTTE, India has pitched in to help by offering a political formula to resolve the crisis... Back to the top

Sri Lankan president demands media toes the line on the war
WSWS, August 21. Sri Lankan president Mahinda Rajapakse held a meeting with editors and heads of media bodies on Wednesday ostensibly to explain the “current situation in the country”... Back to the top

Tending to Sri Lanka
The Washington Times, Sunday August 20, 2006 - 09:05. Violence perpetrated by the separatist rebels known as the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam have beset Sri Lanka since the mid-1980s... Back to the top

Sri Lankan cricket counting its losses after series washout
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ICC chief hurt at South Africa's withdrawal
Hindu, August 21. Colombo: The International Cricket Council (ICC) president, Percy Sonn, said here on Sunday that he was "deeply disappointed" at South Africa's decision to withdraw from the Unitech tri-nation series... Back to the top

Sri Lankan troops raid university in the north, student detained
Associated Press, Sun August 20, 2006 00:37 EDT . - - COLOMBO, Sri Lanka - (AP) Hundreds of Sri Lankan soldiers raided a university, seizing computers and detaining a student, in the northern Tamil heartland where the government has been battling separatist rebels, the military and a pro-rebel Web site said Sunday... Back to the top

Sri Lanka cancels rain-hit cricket series against India
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Asia's health ministers seek stronger cooperation against deadly diseases
Associated Press, Sun August 20, 2006 03:20 EDT . - - Bangladeshi Prime Minister Khaleda Zia opened the meeting of ministers and representatives from India, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka - , the Maldives, Nepal, Bhutan, Myanmar, Thailand, East Timor, Indonesia and South Korea, Bangladeshi Health Minister Khandokar Musharaff Hossain told reporters... Back to the top

Sonn blasts SAfrican pull-out of Lanka
Super Cricket, Sunday August 20, 2006 - 09:40 EDt. Former President of the United Cricket Board of South Africa, Percy Sonn, assuaged the lingering doubts of ICC officials who thought he lacked the tact and political correctness required to be ICC president with a brilliant performance in front of a packed press conference in Colombo on Sunday... Back to the top

Karunanidhi plays with Sri Lanka fire
mumbai mirror, August 20. Chennai: Joining issue with the Sri Lankan government, which had objected to the Tamil Nadu Assembly passing a resolution condemning the aerial bombing of an orphanage in Mullaithivu, Chief Minister M Karunanidhi on Saturday said photographic evidence proved that the orphanage was bombarded by the Sri Lankan Air Force... Back to the top

Rights fears as SriLanka ceasefire team faces major cut
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